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Program of the Seventy-Fourth Annual Meeting of the

American Association of Physical Anthropologists




to be held at

The Hilton Milwaukee City Center Hotel

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

April 6 to April 9, 2005




AAPA Scientific Program Committee:


Lyle W. Konigsberg

Chair and Program Editor


Paul A. Garber

Debbie J. Guatelli-Steinberg

William L. Jungers

Kathleen A. O'Connor

Margaret J. Schoeninger

Dawnie Wolfe Steadman

Anne C. Stone

Carol V. Ward

Sarah Williams-Blangero


Susan R. Frankenberg, Program Assistant

Edward Hagen, Computer Programming




Local Arrangements Committee:


Trudy Turner (co-chair)

Fred Anapol (co-chair)

Michael Muehlenbein

Andrew Petto

Alejandra Estrin

Steven Heslip

Angie Krueger



Message from the Program Committee Chair



        The 2005 AAPA meeting, our seventy-fourth annual meeting, will be held at the Hilton Milwaukee City Center Hotel in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. There will be 651 podium and poster presentations in 36 sessions, with a total of almost 1,250 authors participating. The program includes eight podium symposia and four poster symposia on a variety of topics: lorises and galgos, dental anthropology, sexual dimorphism, 75 years of the AAPA, adaptability of Mexican populations, Callimico, burned human bones, Southwestern US bioarchaeology, the metabolic syndrome, and human genetic variation. The program also includes the Third Annual Wiley-Liss Symposium; this year’s topic is the human – non-human primate interface, and includes talks by a number of distinguished colleagues from across the globe.


        As in past years, this year’s meetings reflect the international nature of our meetings. Roughly 21 percent of the senior authors live outside the United States, representing 22 nations. The largest representation is from the United Kingdom (31 senior authors), Canada (25), Japan (12), Germany (10), Austria (8), Mexico (7), Spain (7) and Australia (5). Our meeting also serves as an important avenue for presentation of student research; about 36 percent of all first authors are students.


        This is the fourth year that we have used an online registration system for payment of registration fees and submission of abstracts.  The entire meeting volume is once again available at the AAPA web site:


        As in the past, we will meet in conjunc­tion with a number of affiliated groups in­cluding the American Association of Anthro­pological Genetics, the American Der­matoglyphics Association, the Dental An­thropology Association, the Human Biology Association (Wednesday and Thursday, April 6 – 7 ), the Paleoanthropology Society (Tuesday and Wednesday, April 5 – 6), the Paleopathology Association (Tuesday and Wednesday, April 5 – 6), and the Primate Biology and Behavior In­terest Group.


        The following pages provide a map of the Hilton City Center Milwaukee; a summary table of conference events; a daily conference schedule, including meetings of affiliated associations, editorial boards, workshops, and various business meetings; a detailed listing of AAPA poster and podium sessions; the abstracts of the presentations; and an index of the authors showing the session numbers of their presentations.


        AAPA activities commence on Wednesday evening, April 6, with a panel discussion organized by our Career Development Committee.  The discussion is titled “Give me a job, any job! ... Or, how to read between the lines in job ads,” with an introduction by Marilyn London, and panelists Lorena Madrigal (University of South Florida), Kaye Reed (Institute of Human Origins, Arizona State University), and Mark Teaford (Johns Hopkins University) participating. This event will be followed by our annual reception. Poster and podium sessions begin Thursday morning and continue through Saturday afternoon.


        The plenary session, held on Thursday evening, is an event entitled “ ‘Bones’ of the Academic Ancestors.”   In honor of the 75th Anniversary of the founding of the AAPA, a panel of physical anthropologists will present eight “osteobiographies.”  See if you can identify all eight “academic ancestors.”  The student and regular member with the most correct answers will win a refund of their meetings registration fee (ties to be settled by a drawing at the Business Meeting), so you won’t want to miss any of the plenary session. Our annual luncheon on Friday features Bob Martin, Vice President of Academic Affairs and Curator in Biological Anthropology at The Field Museum,  speaking on “The Evolution of Human Reproduction.” Our annual business meeting is on Friday evening. On Saturday evening, we will have our Student Awards Reception.


            The AAPA Program, Local Arrangements, and Executive Committees cordially invite you to our seventy‑fourth annual meeting. We look forward to seeing you in Milwaukee.



Lyle W. Konigsberg


AAPA Vice President and

Program Committee Chair






Hilton Milwaukee City Center


Upper Lobby – The upper lobby has two rooms which will be in use during the AAPA meetings.  The Monarch Ballroom will house the book exhibitors.  The Empire Ballroom will be for all poster sessions.  The drawing below shows the layout for posters.  Please note that the Empire Ballroom is not wheelchair accessible.  “Backhouse” access is available near posters 4 and 5, but there are steps between the following poster areas: 1 – 14, 15 – 22, 23 – 42, 43 – 50, and 51 – 64.


Fourth Floor – The fourth floor is the location for the Walker, Mitchell, MacArthur, Miller, Schlitz, and Wright Rooms.  Meetings registration is between the elevators and the staircase (marked with an asterisk).
























Fifth Floor – The fifth floor is the location for the Crystal and Regency Ballrooms and the Oak, Kilbourn, Meir, and Founders Rooms. 


The Conference at a Glance





Tue Morning

Tue Afternoon

Tue Evening

Wed  Morning

Wed Afternoon

Wed Evening

Fourth Floor, by staircase

PS & PPA Registrations,       8 am – 5 pm


PS & HBA Registrations, 8 am – 5 pm

PPA Registration, 8 – 10 am

AAPA Registration, 9 am – 5 pm




PPA & PS Poster    Sessions


PPA Poster Session


HBA Poster  Session






PPA Podium Session

PPA Podium  Session


AAPA Reception, 8 – 11 pm


PS Podium Session

PS Podium  Session


PS Podium Session

PS Podium Session



PPA Podium Session

PPA Reception, 6 – 7:30 pm

HBA Plenary  Session


AAPA Career Development, 6:30 – 7:45 pm





AJHB Editorial Board breakfast, 7:30 – 9 am




PPA Workshop



AAPA Executive Committee Meeting, 8 am – 6 pm



PPA Workshop









Human Biology Editorial Board Dinner, 6 – 8 pm


AJPA Editorial Board Meeting, noon – 2 pm

HBA Student Workshop / Reception,     5 – 7 pm





Book Exhibitors, 8 am – 5 pm





HBA Executive Committee Dinner, 6 – 10 pm




Press/job interviews

Press/job interviews


Press/job interviews

Press/job interviews



Speaker Ready

Speaker Ready


Speaker Ready

Speaker Ready



Monday evening: PPA Registration, Fourth floor by staircase, 5 – 7 pm



Key to acronyms:

AAAG  American Association of Anthropological Genetics

AAPA American Association of Physical Anthropologists

ADA    American Dermatoglyphics Association

AJHB  American Journal of Human Biology

AJPA   American Journal of Physical Anthropology

DAA    Dental Anthropology Association

HBA    Human Biology Association

JHE     Journal of Human Evolution

NCSE  National Center for Science Education

PPA     Paleopathology Association

PS       Paleoanthropology Society





Thurs Morning

Thurs Afternoon

Thurs Evening

Fourth Floor, by staircase

AAPA Registration, 8 am – 8 pm

HBA Registration, 8 am – 5 pm




Session 1. Hominid Evolution I, 8:30 – noon

Session 7. Genetics I, 1:30 – 5:00 pm

Session 8. Primate  Behavior I, 1:30 – 5:00 pm



Session 6. Hominid Evolution II, 8:00 – noon

Session 10. Symposium: Sexual Dimorphism, 1:00 – 4:30 pm

AAPA Plenary Session, 6:15 – 7:45 pm


Session 2. Symposium: Lorisoids, 8:00 – noon

Session 9. Symposium: Dental Anthropology, 1:00 – 4:45 pm

HBA Business Meeting, 5:30 – 6:30 pm

Wiley-Liss Reception, 8:30-10:30


HBA Podium Session

HBA Podium Session,        2 – 4 pm

Raymond Pearl Lecture,     4 – 5  pm                       

HBA Reception 7:30 – 10:30 pm



Session 3. Dental Anthropology I, 8:00 – 9:15 am

Session 4. Brain Evolution,  9:30 - noon

Session 11. Primate Behavior II, 1:00 – 5:00 pm



Session 5. Skeletal Biology I, 8:00 - noon

Session 12. Skeletal Biology II, 1:00 – 5:00 pm





DAA Business Meeting, 7:45 – 8:45 pm




AAAG Business Meeting, 7:45 – 8:45 pm



HBA Luncheon, noon – 1:30 pm

Primate Biology/Behavior Interest Group Meeting, 7:45 – 8:45 pm




ADA Business Meeting, 7:45 – 8:45 pm


Book Exhibitors, 8 am – 5 pm



Press/job interviews

Press/job interviews



Speaker Ready

Speaker Ready







Fri Morning

Fri Afternoon

Fri Evening

Sat Morning

Sat Afternoon

      Fourth Floor, by


AAPA Registration, 8 am – 5 pm


AAPA Registration, 8 am – noon




Session 13. Skeletal Biology, 8:30 – noon

Session 18. Symposium: Mexican Populations, 2:30 – 4:00 pm

Session 19. Symposium: Callimico, 3:00 – 4:30

Session 20. Symposium: Burned Bones, 3:30 – 5:00 pm

Session 21. Symposium: American SW Bioarchaeology, 4:00 – 5:30 pm


Session 26. Dental Anthropology II, 8:30 – noon

Session 27. Primate Biological Variation I, 8:30 – noon

Session 32. Human Biology III, 1:30 – 5:00 pm


Session 15. Hominid Evolution III, 8:00 – noon

Session 24. Primate Evolution I, 2 – 6 pm

AAPA Business Meeting, 8 – 11 pm

Session 30. Primate Evolution II, 8 – noon

Session 33. Symposium: Primate Craniofacial Biology, 1 – 5 pm


AAPA Luncheon, noon – 2 pm



Session 28. Symposium: Primate Interface, 8:30 – 11:45 am

Session 35. Primate Behavior IV, 1 – 5 pm


Session 14. Symposium: AAPA 75th Anniversary, 8:15 – noon

Session 22. Symposium: Metabolic Syndrome, 2 – 6 pm


Session 29. Symposium: Human Population Genetics, 8 – noon

Session 36. Primate Biological Variation II, 1 – 5 pm


Session 16. Genetics II, 8:00 – noon

Session 23. Primate Behavior III, 2 – 6 pm


Session 31. Skeletal Biology IV, 8 – noon

Session 34. Genetics III, 1 – 5 pm


Session 17. Human Biology I, 8:00 – noon

Session 25. Human Biology II, 2 – 6 pm


Teaching Outreach Program, 8 am – noon





JHE Editorial Board Dinner, 5:30 – 8 pm


Ethics Discussion, 12:30 – 2 pm






Student Awards Committee Meeting, 4 – 5 pm


Book Exhibitors, 8 am – 5 pm


Book Exhibitors, 8 am – 5 pm


Press/job interviews

Press/job interviews


Press/job interviews

Press/job interviews


Speaker Ready

Speaker Ready


Speaker Ready

Speaker Ready



Saturday evening: Student Awards Reception, Mitchell, 5 – 7 pm


Conference Schedule

For a schedule of individual AAPA poster and podium presentations, see page 16.



Tuesday, April 5, 2005


Paleopathology Association


8:00 am – 5:00 pm         Registration. Fourth Floor by Staircase.


8:00 am – 5:00 pm         Workshops, Scientific Sessions. Wright, Empire, MacArthur, and Kilbourn.


Paleoanthropology Society


8:00 am – 5:00 pm         Registration. Fourth Floor by Staircase.


8:00 am – 5:00 pm         Scientific Sessions. Regency and Empire.


Human Biology (Journal)


6:00 pm – 8:00 pm         Editorial Board Dinner. Oak.



Wednesday, April 6, 2005


American Association of Physical Anthropologists


9:00 am – 5:00 pm         Registration. Fourth Floor by Staircase.


8:00 am – 6:00 pm         Executive Committee Meeting. MacArthur.


12:00 pm – 2:00 pm       American Journal of Physical Anthropology Editorial Board Luncheon. Oak.


6:30 pm – 7:45 pm         Career Development Committee Panel Discussion: “Give me a job, any job! ... Or, how to read between the lines in job ads.” Introduction: Marilyn London; Panelists: Lorena Madrigal (University of South Florida), Kaye Reed (Institute of Human Origins, Arizona State University), and Mark Teaford (Johns Hopkins University).  Wright Ballroom.


8:00 pm – 11:00 pm       Reception & Cash Bar. Crystal and Regency Ballrooms.


Paleopathology Association


8:00 am – 10:00 am       Registration. Fourth Floor by Staircase.


8:00 am – 5:00 pm         Scientific Sessions. Empire and Crystal Ballrooms.


Human Biology Association


7:30 am – 9:00 am         American Journal of Human Biology Editorial Board Breakfast. Walker.


8:00 am – 5:00 pm         Registration. Fourth Floor by Staircase.


8:00 am – 12:00 pm       Podium Session. Wright.


1:00 pm – 5:00 pm         Poster Session. Empire.


5:00 pm – 7:00 pm         Student Reception. Oak.



Thursday, April 7, 2005


American Association of Physical Anthropologists


8:00 am – 8:00 pm         Registration. Fourth Floor by Staircase.


8:30 am – 12:00 pm       Session 1. Hominid Evolution I. Contributed Posters.

Empire Ballroom.


8:00 am – 12:00 pm       Session 2. Evolution, Functional Morphology, and Behavioral Ecology of Lorises and Galagos (Lorisoids). Symposium. Wright Ballroom.


8:00 am – 9:15 am         Session 3. Dental Anthropology I. Contributed Papers.

Walker Room.


9:30 am – 12:00 pm       Session 4. Human and Primate Brain Evolution. Contributed Papers. Walker Room.


8:00 am – 12:00 pm       Session 5. Skeletal Biology I. Contributed Papers.

Mitchell Room.


8:00 am – 12:00 pm       Session 6. Hominid Evolution II. Contributed Papers. Crystal Ballroom.


1:30 pm – 5:00 pm         Session 7. Molecular and Population Genetics I. Contributed Posters. Empire Ballroom.


1:30 pm – 5:00 pm         Session 8. Primate Behavior I. Contributed Posters. Empire Ballroom.


1:00 pm – 4:45 pm         Session 9. Dental Anthropology 20 Years After: The State of the Science. Symposium. Wright Ballroom.


1:00 pm – 4:15 pm         Session 10. Sexual Dimorphism: Patterns, Evolution, and Variation. Symposium. Crystal Ballroom.


1:00 pm – 5:00 pm         Session 11. Primate Behavior II. Contributed Papers. Walker Room.


1:00 pm – 5:00 pm         Session 12. Skeletal Biology II. Contributed Papers. Mitchell Room.


6:15 pm – 7:45 pm         Plenary Session – “ ‘Bones’ of the Academic Ancestors.”   In honor of the 75th Anniversary of the founding of the AAPA, a panel of physical anthropologists will present eight “osteobiographies.”    Crystal Ballroom.


8:30 pm – 10:30 pm       Wiley-Liss Reception. Wright Ballroom.


Human Biology Association


8:00 am – 12:00 pm       Plenary Session. Regency Ballroom.


12:00 pm – 1:30 pm       HBA Lunch. Oak Room.


2:00 pm – 4:00 pm         Plenary Session (continued). Regency Ballroom.


4:00 pm – 5:00 pm         Raymond Pearl Lecture. Regency Ballroom.


5:30 pm – 6:30 pm         Business Meeting. Wright Ballroom.


7:30 pm – 10:30 pm       Reception. Regency Ballroom.


Dental Anthropology Association


7:45 pm – 8:45 pm         Business Meeting. MacArthur Room.


American Association of Anthropological Genetics


7:45 pm – 8:45 pm         Business Meeting. Kilbourn Room.


American Dermatoglyphics Association


7:45 pm – 8:45 pm         Business Meeting. Miller Room.


Primate Biology & Behavior Interest Group


7:45 pm – 8:45 pm         Business Meeting. Oak Room.



Friday, April 8, 2005


American Association of Physical Anthropologists


8:00 am – 5:00 pm         Registration. Fourth Floor by Staircase.


8:30 am – 12:00 pm       Session 13. Skeletal Biology III. Contributed Posters.

Empire Ballroom.


8:15 am – 12:00 pm       Session 14. 75 Years of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists. Symposium.

Regency Ballroom.


8:00 am – 12:00 pm       Session 15. Hominid Evolution III. Contributed Papers. Crystal Ballroom.


8:00 am – 12:00 pm       Session 16. Molecular and Population Genetics II. Contributed Papers.

Walker Room.


8:00 am – 12:00 pm       Session 17. Human Biology I. Contributed Papers. Mitchell Room.


12:00 pm – 2:00 pm       AAPA Luncheon. Wright Ballroom.

                                          Speaker: Bob Martin. “The Evolution of Human Reproduction.”


2:30 pm – 4:00 pm         Session 18. Adaptability of Mexican Populations. Poster Symposium. Empire Ballroom.


3:00 pm – 4:30 pm         Session 19. Advances in Marmoset and Goeldi's Monkey (Callimico) Research: Anatomy, Behavioral Ecology, Phylogeny, and Conservation. Poster Symposium. Empire Ballroom.


3:30 pm – 5:00 pm         Session 20. Current Research in the Analysis of Burned Human Bones. Poster Symposium. Empire Ballroom.


4:00 pm – 5:30 pm         Session 21. Reanalysis and Reinterpretation in Southwestern Bioarchaeology. Poster Symposium. Empire Ballroom.


2:00 pm – 6:00 pm         Session 22. The Metabolic Syndrome: Epidemiological, Methodological, Genetic, and Cross-Cultural Perspectives. Symposium. Regency Ballroom.


2:00 pm – 6:00 pm         Session 23. Primate Behavior III. Contributed Papers. Walker Room.


2:00 pm – 6:00 pm         Session 24. Primate Evolution I. Contributed Papers. Crystal Ballroom.


2:00 pm – 6:00 pm         Session 25. Human Biology II. Contributed Papers. Mitchell Room.


8:00 pm – 11:00 pm       Annual Business Meeting. Crystal Ballroom.


Journal of Human Evolution


5:30 pm – 8:00 pm         Editorial Board Meeting. Oak Room.



Saturday, April 9, 2005


American Association of Physical Anthropologists


8:00 am – 12:00 pm       Registration. Fourth Floor by Staircase.


8:00 am – 12:00 pm       Teaching Outreach Program. Mitchell Room.

                                          This progam is intended for local area teachers, but is open to AAPA members on an available-space basis.  The program is as follows:


Michael Park: “Using the Fossil Record in Teaching Human Evolution”

Linda Winkler and Judy Corr: “Primate Clues to Human Behavior”

K. Lindsay Eaves-Johnson and Nancy Tatarek: “Who are you?: Strategies for Presenting Forensic Anthropology and Human Variation in the Classroom”

Pamela Ashmore and Barbara O’Connell:  “Human Skin Color Variation and Race”

Martin K. Nickels: Organizer and Chair


8:30 am – 12:00 pm       Session 26. Dental Anthropology II. Contributed Posters. Empire Ballroom.


8:30 am – 12:00 pm       Session 27. Primate Biological Variation I. Contributed Posters. Empire Ballroom.


8:30 am – 11:45 am       Session 28. The Human - Non-Human Primate Interface: History, Evolution and Conservation. Third Annual Wiley-Liss Symposium. Wright Ballroom.


8:00 am – 12:00 pm       Session 29. Inference of Human Population History from Genetic Variation: Bridging the Gap Between Theory and Data. Symposium. Regency Ballroom.


8:00 am – 12:00 pm       Session 30. Primate Evolution II. Contributed Papers. Crystal Ballroom.


8:00 am – 12:00 pm       Session 31. Skeletal Biology IV. Contributed Papers. Walker Room.


12:30 pm – 2:00 pm       Ethics Discussion. Oak Room.


1:30 pm – 5:00 pm         Session 32. Human Biology III. Contributed Posters. Empire Ballroom.


1:00 pm – 5:00 pm         Session 33. Primate Craniofacial Function and Biology: Symposium in Honor of William L. Hylander. Symposium. Crystal Ballroom.


1:00 pm – 5:00 pm         Session 34. Molecular and Population Genetics III. Contributed Papers. Walker Room.


1:00 pm – 5:00 pm         Session 35. Primate Behavior IV. Contributed Papers. Wright Ballroom.


1:00 pm – 5:00 pm         Session 36. Primate Biological Variation II. Contributed Papers. Regency Ballroom.


5:00 pm – 7:00 pm         Student Awards Reception. Mitchell Room.


AAPA Poster and Podium Presentation Schedule

For a schedule of all conference events, see page 10.

For an author/session index see page 52.


Session 1. Hominid Evolution I. Contributed Posters. Empire Ballroom.

Chair: R. CIOCHON, University of Iowa.


8:00 – 8:30 am             Poster set-up.

8:30 – 10:00 am           Authors of even-numbered posters present for questions.

10:30 am – 12:00 pm   Authors of odd-numbered posters present for questions.

12:00 – 12:30 pm         Poster take-down.                                                                                                                                                                         


1.         The pelvic girdle in Fgf4 and Fgf8 conditional knockout mice. BURT A. ROSENMAN, C. OWEN LOVEJOY.

2.         Developmental integration and evolution: using a zebrafish model to test the correlation between cranial morphology, gene expression and gene evolution. LISA D. NEVELL, L. PATRICIA HERNANDEZ.

3.         Soft tissue-linked cranial structures and the reconstruction of fossil primate phylogeny. DANIELE SERDOZ, MARK COLLARD, LESLIE AIELLO.

4.         Geometric morphometric data of the hominoid infraorbital region as discrete phylogenetic characters. BRIAN A. VILLMOARE.

5.         Foramen magnum ontogeny and evolution in humans, great apes, and fossil hominids. GARY D. RICHARDS, REBECCA S. JABBOUR, SUSAN STANDEN.

6.         Digital reconstruction of P. boisei OH5. SIMON NEUBAUER, PHILIPP GUNZ, GERHARD W. WEBER.

7.         Cladistic analysis of early Homo crania from Sterkfontein and Swartkrans, South Africa. HEATHER F. SMITH, FREDERICK E. GRINE.

8.         Internal functional morphology of BAR 1002'00 documents ape-human divergence circa 6 Ma: That's impossible, but anyway, everyone knew it all the time. KAROL GALIK, ROBERT B. ECKHARDT, ADAM J. KUPERAVAGE.

9.         Morphological change of the P3 within Australopithecus afarensis and Australopithecus anamensis. LUCAS K. DELEZENE.

10.      Root morphology of the anterior dentition of extant higher primates. PAUL J. CONSTANTINO, SUSAN ABBOTT, ROSANNA PICASCIA, BERNARD WOOD.

11.      Reduced canine sexual dimorphism in Pan paniscus: A morphometric approach to canine sexing in hominoids using high resolution polynomial curve fitting (HR-PCF). DAVID R. BEGUN, ANDREW DEANE.

12.      Differences in patterns of shape variation among cranial regions in the Papionini. TARA A. PEBURN.

13.      Age at death in a juvenile specimen of Megaladapis edwardsi (Primates, Lemuriformes): Implications for understanding life history variation in sub-fossil lemurs. PATRICK MAHONEY, GARY T. SCHWARTZ, LAURIE R. GODFREY, FRANK P. CUOZZO.

14.      New discoveries of Hadropithecus stenognathus, a subfossil lemur from Madagascar. LAURIE R. GODFREY, WILLIAM L. JUNGERS, GARY T. SCHWARTZ, PIERRE LEMELIN, LIZA J. SHAPIRO, DAVID A. BURNEY, WILLIAM F. WHEELER, FRANK P. CUOZZO, NATALIE VASEY.

15.      Dietary adaptations of early and middle Miocene dendropithecids and other small-bodied non-cercopithecoid catarrhines from Kenya. BRENDA R. BENEFIT, ELIZABETH LYNCH, SOUMITRA GHOSHROY, SCOTT KERSEY.

16.      A new hominoid partial maxilla from Buluk, early Miocene, Kenya. ELLEN R. MILLER, ROBERT ANEMONE, ARI GROSSMAN, RONALD T. WATKINS, MUSA KYEVA, ROBERT MORU.

17.      New small-bodied ape postcrania from the middle Miocene of Maboko Island, Kenya. MONTE L. MCCROSSIN.

18.      Intraspecific incisor variation in hominoids: A comparison between five Miocene genera and extant apes. CANDACE A. DAVIS.

19.      An infant skeleton of Nacholapithecus and ontogenetic development of postcranial features. MASATO NAKATSUKASA, YUTAKA KUNIMATSU, YOSHIHIKO NAKANO, DAISUKE SHIMIZU, HIROSHI TSUJIKAWA, HIDEMI ISHIDA.

20.      Late Miocene hominid biogeography and extinction patterns. MARIAM C. NARGOLWALLA, DAVID R. BEGUN.

21.      Using functional morphology to compare primate communities. ARI GROSSMAN, JOHN G. FLEAGLE.

22.      Chimpanzees as fauna: comparisons of sympatric large mammals across longterm study sites. SAMANTHA M. RUSSAK, WILLIAM C. MCGREW.

23.      A methodology for assessing heterogeneously occluded hypsodont dental specimens using computerized tomography. JUSTIN W. ADAMS.

24.      Signature bone fragmentation: an actualistic study identifying bone fragments exhibiting no distinguishable marks resulting from percussion. JULIET K. BROPHY.

25.      What can plants tell us about fossil oxygen isotopes? Laying the groundwork for dietary interpretation. ANNA T. WILLIAMS.

27.      Decoupling the shoulder from above-substrate locomotion: A new idea for the origin of hominid bipedalism. ADAM D. SYLVESTER.

28.      The role of arm swing and thermoregulation in the evolution of bipedality and hominin limb proportions. ALAN CROSS.

29.      Did Australopithecus afarensis make the Laetoli footprint trail? New insights into an old problem. WILLIAM E.H. HARCOURT-SMITH, CHARLES E. HILTON.

30.      Plantigrady, bipedalism, and adaptations in the hominoid plantar fascia. CASSONDRA A. BAUER, D. JEFFREY MELDRUM.

31.      A regressional analysis of sex differences in the cost of human walking. MICHAEL J. TILKENS, KAREN L. STEUDEL-NUMBERS.

32.      Hominid locomotion development and the importance of brachiation: how zoo design can show brachiation as a precursor to bipedalism through a gibbon exhibit. MICHELE R. SCHWARTZ, DOUGLAS BROADFIELD, TERRY WOLF.

33.      Validation of a non-invasive model for predicting long bone loading. JOHN D. POLK, DANIEL E. LIEBERMAN, AUSTIN E. BETZ, BRIGITTE DEMES.

34.      Forelimb compliance and arboreality in primates and marsupials. DANIEL SCHMITT, LAURA T. GRUSS, PIERRE LEMELIN.

35.      A Monte Carlo simulation method for estimating interspecific scaling relationships in the absence of specimen-specific body mass data. MATTHEW W. TOCHERI, JEREMIAH E. SCOTT, CALEY M. ORR, ROBERT C. WILLIAMS.

36.      A new portable scanning system for the acquisition of data from three-dimensional objects from three-dimensional objects. JODI BLUMENFELD, STEVEN R. LEIGH, JESSE SPENCER-SMITH, DANIEL E. WEBER.

37.      Hip bone trabecular structure/architecture in African Homo erectus. VIRGINIE VOLPATO, LUCA BONDIOLI, ROBERTO MACCHIARELLI.

38.      Midfacial variation in recent human, Zhoukoudian Upper Cave, and Paleoindian crania. JAMES C.M. AHERN, GREG WILLSON, GEORGE W. GILL.

39.      Can the mandible speak? Mandibular variation in Homo erectus and Homo sapiens. JOSEPH R. CALIFF, CHRIS ROBINSON.

40.      A new Homo erectus maxilla from the Bapang basal unit, Sangiran Dome, Java. R. CIOCHON, Y. ZAIM, F. GRINE, Y. RIZAL, R. LARICK, A. BETTIS, III, R. FRANCISCUS, J. POLANSKI.

41.      Quantitative analysis of modern human and fossil mandibles using 3-D geometric morphometrics. ELISABETH K. NICHOLSON, KATERINA HARVATI.

42.      Inventory and preliminary description of Middle Pleistocene pelvis remains from the site of the Sima de los Huesos, Atapuerca (Spain). ALEJANDRO BONMATI, JUAN LUIS ARSUAGA.

43.      Ecogeographical trends in pedal apical tuft breadth: implications for postcranial robusticity in Homo neanderthalensis. ALICE A. ELDER.

44.      Comparative morphometrics of Neandertal zygomatic bones. IVOR JANKOVIC, FRED H. SMITH.

45.      Was the early hominid brain musclebound? ROBERT B. ECKHARDT, ADAM J. KUPERAVAGE.

46.      Comparison of Gravettian skulls from Predmostí with recent skulls from Pachner collection: roughness penalty approach in shape analysis. ALENA SEFCAKOVA, STANISLAV KATINA, JAROSLAV BRUZEK, JANA VELEMINSKA, PETR VELEMINSKY.


48.      Is the Vindija late Neandertal mandibular sample biased? MATT KESTERKE, JAMES C.M. AHERN, SANG-HEE LEE, JOHN HAWKS.

49.      A radiographic analysis of Middle Pleistocene hominin cranial morphology: Implications for classification and methodology in human evolution. LEISA DEFELICE.

50.      Variation in mandibular gonial flare in Neandertals and recent humans: a pattern recognition study. NATHAN E. HOLTON, ROBERT G. FRANCISCUS, MATTHEW KILBERGER, AMY MICHAEL.

51.      Neandertal mandibular traits in modern Homo sapiens. M. KATHRYN MAHER.

52.      Development of Bayesian discriminant analysis for multivariate data with missing values, with an application to the origin of modern humans. OSBJORN M. PEARSON, TIMOTHY E. HANSON.

53.      The digital graphic analysis of the facial skeleton of Upper Palaeolithic skulls from Předmostí near Přerov (Czech Republic). JANA VELEMINSKA, PETR VELEMINSKY, JAROSLAV BRUZEK, ALENA SEFCAKOVA, STANISLAV KATINA.

54.      Changes in mobility patterns from the European Upper Paleolithic through Bronze Age as reflected in femoral and tibial cross-sectional geometry. VLADIMIR SLADEK, BRIGITTE HOLT, MARGIT BERNER, CHRIS B. RUFF.

55.      Molar microwear analysis on ungulates from the “La Berbie” locality (Dordogne, France): implications for the environmental context of late Pleistocene human occupation of western France. GILDAS MERCERON, STEPHANE MADELAINE.

56.      The ancient human occupation of Britain. CHRIS B. STRINGER.

57.      A review of the putative Paleolithic human remains from Japanese Archipelago. HISAO BABA.

58.      Morphological characteristics of Earliest Jomon human remains from Tochibara rock shelter, Kita-Aiki, Nagano, Central Japan. ERI OHTANI, HISAO BABA, YUKINARI KOHARA.

59.      Microevolutionary trends in the temporal muscle structure in Japanese populations. AYUMI SHIRAHASE, HISAO BABA.






Session 2. Evolution, Functional Morphology, and Behavioral Ecology of Lorises and Galagos (Lorisoids). Symposium. Wright Ballroom.

Organizers and Chairs: ANNE M. BURROWS, Duquesne University, and LEANNE T. NASH, Arizona State University.


Traditionally, much of our focus and understanding of prosimians has come from studies on lemurids and indriids (lemuroids), mainly diurnal prosimians.  The nocturnal lorises and galagos (lorisoids) are relatively poorly understood but knowledge of their history, morphology, and behavior is critical to an understanding of primate evolution, origins, locomotory behavior, special senses, and social systems.  Accordingly, this symposium presents recent findings regarding lorises and galagos with a focus on locomotory behavior, taxonomic and phylogenetic issues, craniomandibular morphology, and habitat use.  Key topics to be discussed include vocal behavior, the fossil record of lorisoid evolution, trends in craniomandibular morphology and feeding behavior, olfaction, and approaches to taxonomic and phylogenetic issues.



8:00 am    Morphological constraints on vocal behavior in a prosimian primate. MICHELLE L. BECKER, JOEL C. KAHANE, JOHN D. NEWMAN.

8:15 am    Temporomandibular joint histomorphology in exudativorous and frugivorous galagos. ANNE M. BURROWS, TIM D. SMITH.

8:30 am    Ontogeny of limb proportions in Galago senegalensis and potential implications for locomotor development. MELISSA S. SCHAEFER, LEANNE T. NASH.

8:45 am    All lorises are not slow: rapid arboreal locomotion in the newly recognised red slender loris (Loris tardigradus tardigradus) of southwestern Sri Lanka. K.A.I. NEKARIS, NANCY J. STEVENS.

9:00 am    Morphological and functional differentiation in the lumbar spine of lorisoids. LIZA J. SHAPIRO.

9:15 am    Relationships of male condition, sociality, ranging and habitat use in the Slender Loris (Loris tardigradus) in Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, India. KABERI KAR GUPTA.

9:30 am    Infant dependency and perinatal morphology of olfactory and accessory olfactory organs in lorisoids and lemuroids. TIMOTHY D. SMITH, ANNE M. BURROWS, KUNWAR P. BHATNAGAR, JOHN C. DENNIS, PRAPHUL TULADHAR, EDWARD E. MORRISON.

9:45 am    Break

10:00 am  Ontogeny of craniomandibular morphology in lorisiforms. MATTHEW J. RAVOSA.

10:15 am  Integration and evolution of covariance structure in the masticatory apparatus of galagos and lorises. CHRISTOPHER J. VINYARD.

10:30 am  Lorisoid evolution in Africa - the fossil evidence. ERIK R. SEIFFERT, ALAN WALKER.

10:45 am  Penile anatomy of East African galagos and implications for taxonomy and phylogeny. ANDREW W. PERKIN.

11:00 am  Perfect congruence of molecular-phylogenetic and fossil-record divergence age estimates for the Lorisiformes. ANNE D. YODER.

11:15 am  Lorisoid phylogeny as revealed by craniodental and rRNA sequence data. JUDITH C. MASTERS, ALFREDO SANTOVITO, LUCA POZZI, MASSIMILIANO DELPERO.

11:30 am  Considering prosimian diversity: why so many galagos and so few lorises? JEFFREY H. SCHWARTZ.

11:45 am  Discussion: ANNE M. BURROWS.







Session 3. Dental Anthropology I. Contributed Papers. Walker Room.

Chair: Heather J.H. EDGAR, Maxwell Museum, University of New Mexico.


8:00 am    Using growth structures in teeth from victims of the Black Death to investigate the effects of the Great Famine (AD 1315-1317). DANIEL M. ANTOINE.

8:15 am    Secular trends in the male facial skull from the 19th century to the present analyzed with geometric morphometrics. ERWIN JONKE, HERMANN PROSSINGER, FRED L. BOOKSTEIN, KATRIN SCHAEFER, MARKUS BERNHARD, JOSEF W. FREUDENTHALER.

8:30 am    Detecting weaning in human dental enamel through intra-tooth isotopic analysis. JACQUELINE E. RABB, BENJAMIN H. PASSEY, JOAN B. COLTRAIN, THURE E. CERLING.

8:45 am    A measurement based technique for dental microwear analysis: applying confocal microscopy and scale-sensitive fractal analysis. ROBERT S. SCOTT, TORBJORN S. BERGSTROM, CHRISTOPHER A. BROWN, MARK TEAFORD, ALAN WALKER, PETER UNGAR.

9:00 am    An investigation of ultrasound methods for the assessment of sex and age from intact human teeth. ROBIN N.M. FEENEY.


Session 4. Human and Primate Brain Evolution. Contributed Papers.  Walker Room.

Chair: JOHN HAWKS, University of Wisconsin – Madison.


9:30 am    The color vision of muriquis (Brachyteles arachnoides). MAURICIO TALEBI, NATHANIEL J. DOMINY.

9:45 am    Comparing white matter fiber tracts in monkeys, apes and humans with Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI). JAMES K. RILLING, TODD M. PREUSS, XIANGYANG MA, SARAH K. BARKS, LEONARD HOWELL.

10:00 am  Comparing resting brain activity in monkeys, apes, and humans. SARAH K. BARKS, JAMES K. RILLING, LISA A. PARR, TODD M. PREUSS, J. DOUGLAS BREMNER, JOHN R. VOTAW.

10:15 am  Brain/body allometry: Using extant apes to establish appropriate scaling baselines. BRIAN T. SHEA.

10:30 am  Brain-body allometry and the mind of early Homo. JOHN HAWKS.

10:45 am  A new method for assessing endocast morphology: Calculating local curvature from 3D CT images. BRIAN AVANTS, JAMES C. GEE, P. THOMAS SCHOENEMANN, JANET MONGE, JASON E. LEWIS, RALPH L. HOLLOWAY.

11:00 am  The lunate sulcus in Taung: where is it? DOUGLAS BROADFIELD, RALPH L. HOLLOWAY.

11:15 am  The Bodo brain endocast: a strange frontal lobe feature. RALPH L. HOLLOWAY, MICHAEL S. YUAN, DOUG C. BROADFIELD.

11:30 am  The human corpus callosum: growth and morphological integration with cranial shape. PHILIPP MITTEROECKER, PHILIPP GUNZ, PETER BRUGGER, DANIELA PRAYER, FRED L. BOOKSTEIN, HORST SEIDLER.

11:45 am  Brain shape asymmetries in right-handed and left-handed men and women. DEAN FALK, HARTMUT MOHLBERG, N.J. SHAH, KARL ZILLES.


Session 5. Skeletal Biology I. Contributed Papers. Mitchell Room.

Chair: DENNIS E. SLICE, University of Vienna.


8:00 am    A test of the Lamendin method on two historic skeletal samples. MARY S. MEGYESI, DOUGLAS H. UBELAKER, NORM SAUER.


8:15 am    Auricular surface ageing - Worse than expected? Results from a blind test using a documented skeletal collection. HOLGER SCHUTKOWSKI, CERI G. FALYS, DARLENE A. WESTON.

8:30 am    Modeling age-related changes in human rib cage geometry. DENNIS E. SLICE, JOEL STITZEL.

8:45 am    Age estimation in fetal and neonatal skeletal remains using bones of the shoulder and pelvis. JESSICA A. NEWNAM.

9:00 am    The morphology of the lower mid-face in three American skeletal populations. GREGORY F. WILLSON.

9:15 am    The affect of tissue depth variation on craniofacial reconstructions. JOHN M. STARBUCK, RICHARD E. WARD.

9:30 am    Body mass estimation from anthropometric measurements in female collegiate athletes. SHAMSI R. DANESHVARI, OSBJORN M. PEARSON, ROBERT M. MALINA.

9:45 am    Occupational health: bioarchaeology and subsistence transition at Ganj Dareh Tepe. DEBORAH C. MERRETT.

10:00 am  Break

10:15 am  Prediction of age-at-death from 3D changes in the dimensions and structure of the cortical canal network at the anterior femoral midshaft. DAVID M.L. COOPER, ANDREI L. TURINSKY, CHRISTOPH W. SENSEN, JOHN G. CLEMENT, C. DAVID L. THOMAS, BENEDIKT HALLGRÍMSSON.

10:30 am  Analysis of the reputed remains of Fray Pedro de Corpa/Fray Francisco de Verascola: An anthropological contribution to the Cause of the Georgia Martyrs. CHRISTOPHER M. STOJANOWSKI.

10:45 am  The effect of a "bent-knee" gait on trabecular orientation: an experimental test of Wolff's Law. HERMAN PONTZER, DANIEL E. LIEBERMAN, ERIC N. MOMIN, MAUREEN J. DEVLIN, JOHN D. POLK, BENEDIKT HALLGRIMSSON, DAVID M.L. COOPER.

11:00 am  Bone density differences in rib and iliac crest samples from a modern and an archaeological Peruvian population. HEATHER L. RAMSAY, SAM D. STOUT, JANE E. BUIKSTRA.

11:15 am  Ontogeny of three-dimensional trabecular bone architecture in the human proximal femur. TIMOTHY M. RYAN, GAIL E. KROVITZ.

11:30 am  Sex and disease: A Central African Exposé. BRUCE M. ROTHSCHILD, FRANK RUHLI.

11:45 am  A model for promotion of science education through physical anthropology. PHOEBE R. STUBBLEFIELD.



Session 6. Hominid Evolution II. Contributed Papers. Crystal Ballroom.

Chair: UNA STRAND VIDARSDOTTIR, University of Durham.


8:00 am    The cervical vertebrae from the Sima de los Huesos site (Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain). ASIER GOMEZ, JOSE MIGUEL CARRETERO, LAURA RODRIGUEZ, REBECA GARCIA, JUAN LUIS ARSUAGA.

8:15 am    Upper limb long bones from Sima de los Huesos site (Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain). JOSE MIGUEL CARRETERO, LAURA RODRIGUEZ, REBECA GARCIA, ASIER GOMEZ, JUAN LUIS ARSUAGA.

8:30 am    Auditory capacities in Middle Pleistocene humans from the Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain. IGNACIO MARTINEZ, ROLF QUAM, CARLOS LORENZO, JUAN LUIS ARSUAGA, ANA GRACIA, MANUEL ROSA, PILAR JARABO.


9:00 am    Did Neandertals bury their dead? A taphonomic test using immature cranial remains. GAIL E. KROVITZ, PAT SHIPMAN.

9:15 am    Testing for functional convergence in Neandertal and Inuit lower rib morphology in terms of cold-adaptation. K. LINDSAY EAVES-JOHNSON, ROBERT G. FRANCISCUS.

9:30 am    Neanderthal peripheral nasal apparatus reconstruction: a comparative approach to understand adaptive plasticity. SAMUEL MARQUEZ, PATRICK J. GANNON, KEN MOWBRAY, JEFFREY T. LAITMAN, LYNN COPES, WILLIAM LAWSON.

9:45 am    Break

10:00 am  Longevity in the Middle Paleolithic: Did modern humans live longer than Neandertals? RACHEL CASPARI, SANG-HEE LEE.

10:15 am  Metric traces of a phenotypic link between Neanderthals and anatomically modern Homo sapiens. GERHARD W. WEBER, PHILIPP GUNZ, PHILIPP MITTEROECKER, ANDREA STADLMAYR, HORST SEIDLER, FRED L. BOOKSTEIN.

10:30 am  Polymorphism, terminal taxa, and a phylogenetic approach to Middle Pleistocene systematics. MELANIE L. CHANG.

10:45 am  Basicranial morphology of Pleistocene Australians: implications for modern human origins. ARTHUR C. DURBAND.

11:00 am  An explanation for WLH-50's robusticity using computerised tomography. MICHAEL C. WESTAWAY, ROSS O'NEIL.

11:15 am  Mobility in Neolithic Liguria (Italy): a biomechanical approach. DAMIANO MARCHI, VITALE SPARACELLO, VINCENZO FORMICOLA.


11:45 am  Morphology and molecules: a study of diversity and dispersal in the island populations of South Asia. UNA STRAND VIDARSDOTTIR, TRUDI J. BUCK, ALAN COOPER, PHILLIP ENDICOTT, CHRIS STRINGER.


Thursday Afternoon – April 7, 2004


Session 7. Molecular and Population Genetics I. Contributed Posters. Empire Ballroom.

Chair: MICHAEL C. MAHANEY, Southwest Foundation for Biomedical Research.


1:00 – 1:30 pm             Poster set-up.

1:30 – 3:00 pm             Authors of even-numbered posters present for questions.

3:30 – 5:00 pm             Authors of odd-numbered posters present for questions.

5:00 – 5:30 pm             Poster take-down.                                                                                                                                                                         


1.         Searching for signatures of natural selection in high altitude populations. ABIGAIL W. BIGHAM, XINYUN MAO, LORNA MOORE, MARK D. SHRIVER.

2.         Allelic variation at alpha-synuclein and alcohol dependence in two American Indian populations. LINDSEY N. WILLIAMS, CONNIE J. MULLIGAN.

3.         Polygenotype-environment interaction and the Boas immigrant data. LYLE W. KONIGSBERG, RICHARD L. JANTZ, JOHN H. RELETHFORD.

4.         A reassessment of human cranial metric and nonmetric trait heritabilities. E. ANN CARSON.

5.         Genetic influences on dental variation in pedigreed baboons: QTLs influencing normal variation in second molar crown size and shape. LOREN R. LEASE, LESLEA J. HLUSKO, LAURA A. COX, JEFF ROGERS, MICHAEL C. MAHANEY.

6.         A rapid genetic method for sex-typing primate DNA. ANTHONY DI FIORE.

7.         Reliable mitochondrial DNA sequence data from non-invasively collected samples. ANDREW S. BURRELL.

8.         The phylogenetic position of the simakobu monkey (Simias concolor) based on mitochondrial DNA sequence data. NELSON TING, DANIELLE J. WHITTAKER, DON J. MELNICK.

9.         Identifying kinship clusters: SatScan for genetic spatial analysis. BETHANY M. USHER, KARI L. ALLEN.

10.      An application of ancient DNA analysis to an early Byzantine monastic community. ALISON M. FRENCH, FREDERIKA A. KAESTLE.

11.      STR variation in four provinces of the Basque country. KRISTIN L. MELVIN, ARANTZA G. APRAIZ, RANJAN DEKA, MICHAEL H. CRAWFORD.

12.      Comparison of genetic and linguistic phylogenetic reconstructions as a means of investigating the evolution of the Semitic language family. ANDREW A. KITCHEN, CONNIE J. MULLIGAN.

13.      Genetic differentiation in Newfoundland outports. ELLEN E. QUILLEN, TIBOR KOERTVELYESSY, CHRIS JENKINSON, MICHAEL CRAWFORD.

14.      A pilot study on mitochondrial DNA and Y chromosome variation in north New Guinea. DANIELLE N. JAMES, JONATHAN S. FRIEDLAENDER, JOSEPH LORENZ, GEORGE KOKI, CHARLES MGONE, D.A. MERRIWETHER.

15.      Mitochondrial DNA variation in Northern Altaians: Affinities with Siberian and Turkic populations. SERGEY I. ZHADANOV, MATT DULIK, LUDMILA P. OSIPOVA, THEODORE G. SCHURR.

16.      Significantly high levels of variation at the mitochondrial 9bp repeat locus in the Sakha of Siberia. REBECCA R. GRAY, LARISSA TARSKAIA, CONNIE J. MULLIGAN.

17.      Prehistoric change and continuity in the Illinois and Ohio Valleys. BETH A.S. SHOOK, DEBORAH A. BOLNICK.

18.      Molecular perspectives on the origins of Chibchan speaking populations from the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia. PHILLIP E. MELTON, S.S. PAPHIA, IGNACIO BRICEÑO, J. BERNAL, ERIC DEVOR, MICHAEL H. CRAWFORD.

19.      The origin of Aymara and Quechua (Inca) Amerindians from Bolivia Highlands according to HLA genes. ANTONIO ARNAIZ-VILLENA, NANCY SILES, JUAN MOSCOSO, JORGE ZAMORA, JUAN I. SERRANO-VELA, EDUARDO GOMEZ-CASADO, MARIA JOSE CASTRO, JORGE MARTINEZ-LASO.

20.      Use of a silica matrix DNA purification method in sex determination from archeological bone remains. MÁRIA BAUEROVÁ, MÁRIA VONDRÁKOVÁ, RADOSLAV OMELKA, MIROSLAV BAUER, MARIAN FABIŠ, MONIKA MARTINIAKOVÁ.



Session 8. Primate Behavior I. Contributed Posters. Empire Ballroom.

Chair: JOANNA E. LAMBERT, University of Wisconsin – Madison.


1:00 – 1:30 pm             Poster set-up.

1:30 – 3:00 pm             Authors of even-numbered posters present for questions.

3:30 – 5:00 pm             Authors of odd-numbered posters present for questions.

5:00 – 5:30 pm             Poster take-down.                                                                                                                                                                         


23.      Academic Genealogy on the History of American Field Primatologists. ELIZABETH A. KELLEY, ROBERT W. SUSSMAN.

24.      The relationship between limb morphology and locomotor behavior in brown and weeper capuchins. KRISTIN A. WRIGHT.

25.      Head kinematics during locomotion and the semicircular canals of free-ranging New World monkeys. JOSEPH D. ORKIN.

26.      Laterality of hand function in captive orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus). ROBERT C. O'MALLEY, WILLIAM C. MCGREW.

27.      Manual laterality in bonobos: cross-populational differences. SARAH K. ADAMSON, LINDA F. MARCHANT, WILLIAM C. MCGREW.

28.      Ontogenetic patterns of positional behavior in Cebus capucinus and Alouatta palliata. MICHELLE BEZANSON.

29.      A preliminary study of the ontogeny of feeding behavior in mantled howler monkeys. MELISSA L. RAGUET-SCHOFIELD.

30.      Troop structure of the Mesoamerican black howler monkey (Alouatta pigra) and consequences of habitat fragmentation. SARIE VAN BELLE, ALEJANDRO ESTRADA.

31.      Testing the model for male-male coalitions: Data from male mantled howling monkeys (Alouatta palliata). MARGARET R. CLARKE.

32.      Male mating behavior in black and gold howler monkeys (Alouatta caraya) in northern Argentina. MARTIN M. KOWALEWSKI, SILVANA M. PEKER.

33.      Inter-group variation in the neigh vocalization of the northern muriqui, Brachyteles hypoxanthus. LUISA F. ARNEDO, CHARLES SNOWDON, JEAN PHILIPPE BOUBLI, KAREN B. STRIER.

34.      Spider monkey (Ateles geoffroyi) rehabilitation, reintroduction and conservation at Curu Wildlife Refuge, Costa Rica. TRACIE N. MCKINNEY, ADELINA SCHUTT.

35.      Intergroup encounter variability among brown capuchins (Cebus apella) in Suriname: importance of individual troop identity. LAURIE M. KAUFFMAN, ERIN E. EHMKE, SUE BOINSKI.

36.      A survey of primate populations in northeastern Venezuelan Guayana. BERNARDO URBANI.

37.      They came, they saw, they conquered - now what? Management of a Costa Rica rain forest for three species of primates. MICHAELA E. HOWELLS, JILL PRUETZ.

38.      Effects of the illegal animal trade on primate conservation in Vietnam. NGUYEN MANH HA, HERBERT H. COVERT.

39.      Competition between chimpanzees and humans over Saba senegalensis. MICHEL T. WALLER.

40.      A recently discovered population of Tonkin snub-nosed monkeys. HERBERT H. COVERT, LE KHAC QUYET, BARTH W. WRIGHT.

41.      Status of the Hatinh langur in Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park. CATHERINE C. WORKMAN, HERBERT H. COVERT, PHAM NHAT, NGUYEN HAI HA.

42.      New Survey data on Pygathrix nigripes, the black-shanked douc langur, from Cat Tien National Park, Viet Nam. PHAN DUY THUC, HERBERT H. COVERT, GERT POLET, INA BERKER, TRAN VÃN MÙI.

43.      Ethnoprimatology and the long-tailed macaques of Tinjil Island, Indonesia: integrating conservation and ethnography. ANDREA E. DUNCAN, ENTANG ISKANDAR, AGUS S. SUMANTOR, LISA JONES-ENGEL, RANDALL C. KYES.

44.      Anthropogenic change in and around Beza-Mahafaly Reserve: methodology and results. DANA WHITELAW, MICHELLE L. SAUTHER, JAMES E. LOUDON, FRANK CUOZZO.

45.      Application of population demographic modeling to the predator-prey interactions of chimpanzees and red colobus monkeys in Gombe National Park. MARC S. FOURRIER, ROBERT W. SUSSMAN, GEOFF CHILDS.

46.      Digestion, cheek pouches, and mechanisms of species coexistence: an evaluation of the cercopithecine nutritional niche. JOANNA E. LAMBERT.

47.      Preliminary investigation of seed dispersal by red-fronted brown lemurs (Eulemur fulvus rufus) in Ranomafana National Park, Madagascar. WENDY M. ERB.

48.      Mmmm…Dirt: Implications for geophagy by the Milne-Edwards’ sifaka (Propithecus edwardsi) at Ranomafana National Park, Madagascar. ANDREA L. BADEN, SUMMER J. ARRIGO-NELSON, PATRICIA C. WRIGHT.

49.      Social behavior in captive red-fronted lemurs (Eulemur fulvus rufus). ADAM M. SCHAEFER.

50.      Correlates of dominance rank in female ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) at the Beza Mahafaly Special Reserve, Madagascar. RENEE N. BAUER, LISA GOULD, MICHELLE L. SAUTHER.

51.       Variation in fecal testosterone levels, intermale aggression, dominance rank and age during mating and post-mating periods in wild adult male ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta). LISA GOULD.

52.      Correlates of ecological and behavioral diversity in Eulemur. KERRY M. OSSI, JASON M. KAMILAR.

53.      Activity budget and feeding ecology of Macaca fascicularis in Mauritius. CHRISTOPHER A. SHAFFER, ROBERT W. SUSSMAN.

54.      Dispersal by force: Residence patterns of wild female hamadryas baboons. LARISSA SWEDELL.

55.      A learning opportunity versus the real deal: Are adolescent female rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) fertile? CHRISTY L. HOFFMAN, MELISSA S. GERALD.

56.      Genetic and environmental influences on acquired dominance status in free ranging male rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). TIMOTHY K. NEWMAN, SUE HOWELL, PAUL L. BABB, GREG C. WESTERGAARD, J. DEE HIGLEY.

57.      Sex, age, and life history differences in the utilization of enrichment in captive lowland gorillas. KAREN ZAMBETTA.

58.      Gendered play in juvenile bonobo chimpanzee (Pan paniscus): Observations of gender differences. KRISTEN A. LINDTVEDT, SONIA RAGIR, STEVE TAKACH, JASON DOUGLAS, DAN RICE, WILLIAM FIELDS.

59.      Play signals and self-handicapping amongs Bonobo infants and juveniles. SONIA RAGIR.

60.      Play, a negotiation of male Bonobo social relationships. JASON A. DOUGLAS.

61.      Food patch choice of bonobos (Pan paniscus) in Lui Kotal, the Democratic Republic of Congo. KARIN BERKHOUDT, BARBARA FRUTH, PAUL A. GARBER.

62.      Opportunistic hunting and occasional consumption of prey items by chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) at the Primate Foundation of Arizona. ELAINE N. VIDEAN, JO FRITZ, JAMES MURPHY.

63.      GIS analysis of range use by sympatric mountain gorillas and chimpanzees. CRAIG B. STANFORD, J. BOSCO NKURUNUNGI, TATIANA WHITE.


Session 9. Dental Anthropology 20 Years After: The State of the Science. Symposium.

Wright Ballroom.

Organizers and Chairs: JOEL D. IRISH, University of Alaska – Fairbanks, and GREG C. NELSON, University of Oregon.


Commemorating the 20th anniversary meeting of the Dental Anthropology Association, this symposium highlights recent research in the subfield that is illuminating issues of fundamental anthropological importance.  Using both established and innovative new methodological and technological approaches, scholars with interests ranging from the micro- to macroscopic levels of structure and expression present their latest findings on dental genetics, histology, growth and development, pathology, and morphometrics across a broad range of living and fossil human and non-human primate taxa.  Thus, unlike many symposia that focus on specific topics and/or regions, the unifying theme here is diversity.  The intent is to assess the current state of the subfield, emphasize its insights into diverse anthropological questions, and explore its potential future directions.  Cosponsored by the Dental Anthropology Association.


1:00 pm    Conceptualizing dental characters: Implications from baboon quantitative genetic analyses. LESLEA J. HLUSKO, MICHAEL C. MAHANEY.

1:15 pm    Inferring primate growth, development and life history profiles from dental microstructure. GARY T. SCHWARTZ.

1:30 pm    Dental age revisited. HELEN M. LIVERSIDGE.

1:45 pm    Using perikymata to estimate the duration of growth disruptions in fossil hominin teeth. DEBBIE GUATELLI-STEINBERG.

2:00 pm    Identification of the neonatal line using LA-ICP-MS. LOUISE T. HUMPHREY, M. CHRISTOPHER DEAN, TERESA E. JEFFRIES.

 2:15 pm   Insights from life's little abrasions: Dental microwear at middle-age. MARK F. TEAFORD.

2:30 pm    Dental topographic analysis: Tooth wear and function. PETER S. UNGAR, SARAH R. TAYLOR.

2:45 pm    Break

3:00 pm    The current state of dental decay. SIMON HILLSON.

3:15 pm    At what cost a full belly? An investigation of the seductive allure wrought by sedentary horticulture in the Great Basin. BRIAN E. HEMPHILL.

3:30 pm    Methods of ingestion and incisal designs. KALPANA R. AGRAWAL, PETER W. LUCAS.

3:45 pm    Inter- and intraspecific variation in Pan tooth crown morphology: implications for Neandertal taxonomy. SHARA E. BAILEY.

4:00 pm    Dental reduction in late Pleistocene and early Holocene hominids: alternative approaches to assessing tooth size. CHARLES M. FITZGERALD, SIMON W. HILLSON.

4:15 pm    Virtual dentitions: touching the hidden evidence. ROBERTO MACCHIARELLI, LUCA BONDIOLI.

4:30 pm    Discussion: JOHN LUKACS, EDWARD F. HARRIS


Session 10. Sexual Dimorphism: Patterns, Evolution, and Variation. Symposium.

Crystal Ballroom.

Organizer and Chair: SANG-HEE LEE, University of California – Riverside.


A topic with a long history of research, sexual dimorphism is an important aspect of morphological variation in a species and is often associated with socio-ecological variables.  This symposium presents a collection of papers that addresses critical questions on sexual dimorphism.  Topics include patterns of sexual dimorphism in primates and fossil hominins, in different skeletal elements, innovative methods to study sexual dimorphism, behavioral implications, and developmental biology.  This symposium provides a venue to reach an understanding of what is known and what is unknown about sexual dimorphism, and suggest promising areas of future research.


1:00 pm    Sources of biological variation. Is sex really important? MACIEJ HENNEBERG, CARL N. STEPHAN, RACHEL M. NORRIS.

1:15 pm    Intraspecific variation in sexual dimorphism. ADAM P. VAN ARSDALE, MARC R. MEYER.

1:30 pm    Phylogenetic analyses of canine size dimorphism in primates. PATRIK LINDENFORS, SANDRA THORÉN, PETER M. KAPPELER.

1:45 pm    Evolutionary developmental biology of sexual dimorphism: contrasting pelvic and nonpelvic anatomy. ROBERT G. TAGUE.

2:00 pm    Variance dimorphism and the evolution of sexual dimorphism in the hominoid postcrania. PATRICIA S. VINYARD.

2:15 pm    Break

2:30 pm    Patterns of postcranial and body mass dimorphism in hominoids. DEBORAH L. CUNNINGHAM, THEODORE M. COLE, III, WILLIAM L. JUNGERS, CAROL V. WARD, DANIEL J. WESCOTT.

2:45 pm    The skeletal dimorphism of Australopithecus afarensis. C. OWEN LOVEJOY, PHILIP L. RENO, RICHARD S. MEINDL.

3:00 pm    Patterns of hard tissue sexual dimorphism within the hominin clade. BERNARD A. WOOD, DAVID GREEN.

3:15 pm    Patterns of sexual dimorphism in the facial skeleton of fossil hominins. CHARLES A. LOCKWOOD, J. MICHAEL PLAVCAN.

3:30 pm    Changes in sexual dimorphism in Europeans in the last 30,000 years. SANG-HEE LEE, DAVID FRAYER.

3:45 pm    Inferring hominin behavior from dimorphism in a phylogenetic context. J. MICHAEL PLAVCAN, CHARLES A. LOCKWOOD.

4:00 pm    Discussion: MILFORD H. WOLPOFF


Session 11. Primate Behavior II. Contributed Papers. Walker Room.

Chair: WILLIAM S. MCGRAW, Ohio State University.


1:00 pm    Vulnerability and conservation of Ivory Coast's Tai monkey fauna. WILLIAM S. MCGRAW.

1:15 pm    The effects of hunting on the densities of the Pagai, Mentawai Island primates. LISA M. PACIULLI.

1:30 pm    Primates in agroecosystems: conservation value of some agricultural practices in Mesoamerican landscapes. ALEJANDRO ESTRADA.

1:45 pm    My habitat or their habitat? Human and nonhuman primate overlapping resource use in Lore Lindu National Park, Indonesia. ERIN P. RILEY.

2:00 pm    Slow or fast - first life history data for wild Phayre's leaf monkeys (Trachypithecus phayrei). CAROLA BORRIES, ANDREAS KOENIG.

2:15 pm    Effects of early environment on life history strategies of female primates. DARIO MAESTRIPIERI.

2:30 pm    Break


3:00 pm    Dietary demand and niche breadth among six primates in Guyana, South America. BARTH W. WRIGHT.

3:15 pm    The effect of group size and season on diet and activity budget of Phayre's leaf monkeys (Trachypithecus phayrei). ANDREAS KOENIG, LAUREN A. SARRINGHAUS, SCOTT A. SUAREZ.

3:30 pm    Effects of group size and season on the ranging behavior of Phayre's leaf monkeys (Trachypithecus phayrei). SCOTT A. SUAREZ, PIA TERRANOVA, ANDREAS KOENIG.

3:45 pm    Group size, scramble competition and social organization in blue monkeys. MARINA CORDS, KATIE E. ROSS.

4:00 pm    Effects of group composition and mating season on the agonistic and affiliative behavior of rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). LAUREN D. COX.

4:15 pm    Intergroup aggression by male black and white colobus monkeys - mate or food defense? TARA R. HARRIS.

4:30 pm    Ecological and social correlates of coalition formation in white-faced capuchin monkeys, Cebus capucinus: Why escalate? ERIN R. VOGEL.

4:45 pm    Gibbon duets: what do they communicate? ULRICH H. REICHARD.


Session 12. Skeletal Biology II. Contributed Papers. Mitchell Room.

Chairs: MEGAN B. BRICKLEY, University of Birmingham UK.


1:00 pm    Isotopic evidence of consumption of marine foods by ancestral Chumash. HENRY P. SCHWARCZ, SEAN BUCHNER, PHILIP L. WALKER.

1:15 pm    Isotopic evidence for peripatetic behaviour at Pacatnamu, Peru. CHRISTINE D. WHITE, ANDREW J. NELSON, FRED J. LONGSTAFFE.

1:30 pm    Resource intensification and sedentism in pre-contact Central California: temporal changes in health among hunter-gatherers from the Sacramento Valley and San Francisco Bay. ERIC J. BARTELINK.

1:45 pm    The paleopathology of pellagra and malnutrition: investigating the impact of prehistoric and historical dietary transitions to maize. BARRETT P. BRENTON, ROBERT R. PAINE.

2:00 pm    A lack of potatoes? Infantile scurvy in nineteenth century Birmingham, England. MEGAN B. BRICKLEY, RACHEL A. IVES.

2:15 pm    A river with parasites runs through it: porotic lesions as evidence for iron loss and anemia among three prehispanic populations in the Andes of Peru. TIFFINY A. TUNG.

2:30 pm    Break

2:45 pm    Trauma patterns in the massacre victims from Punta Lobos, northern coastal Peru. SARA S. PHILLIPS, JOHN W. VERANO.

3:00 pm    Changing patterns of violence: An analysis of cranial trauma in prehistoric San Pedro de Atacama. CHRISTINA TORRES-ROUFF.

3:15 pm    Urban trauma: female injury recidivism in medieval london. DONALD WILLIAM WALKER, REBECCA REDFERN, AMY GRAY JONES, BRIAN CONNELL.

3:30 pm    Health effects of the Black Death and Late Medieval agrarian crisis in medieval Denmark. CASSADY J. YODER.

3:45 pm    Pompeii 79 CE.Demographic model for archaeologicaly derived skeletal samples. RENATA J. HENNEBERG, MACIEJ HENNEBERG.

4:00 pm    The effect of migration on the dental and skeletal health of protohistoric and early historic Susquehannock Indians (AD 1575-1675). SARA K. SIMON, CELESTE M. GAGNON.

4:15 pm    Masculinity and the health of the biological male, a Romano-British perspective. REBECCA C. REDFERN.

4:30 pm    Early South Americans in craniofacial metric perspective: Lagoa Santa. NORIKO SEGUCHI, A. RUSSELL NELSON, SAMUEL AUSTIN, C. LORING BRACE.

4:45 pm    Model-free and model-bound approaches to population variability in the Maya area. ANDREW K. SCHERER.


Friday Morning – April 8, 2004


Session 13A. Skeletal Biology III. Contributed Posters. Empire Ballroom.

Chair: SAMANTHA M. HENS, California State University, Sacramento.


8:00 – 8:30 am             Poster set-up.

8:30 – 10:00 am           Authors of even-numbered posters present for questions.

10:30 am – 12:00 pm   Authors of odd-numbered posters present for questions.

12:00 – 12:30 pm         Poster take-down.                                                                                                                                                                         


1.        Mummified trauma: SEM analysis of obsidian and chert induced wounds. ALAINA K. GOFF, DEBRA KOMAR.

2.        Interpersonal violence at Hawikku: Interpreting perimortem trauma. ERICA B. JONES, DAWN M. MULHERN.

3.        Trauma in an early medieval Welsh cemetery. KATHLEEN A. BLAKE.

4.        A variety of morbid symptoms: Subadult death and ill health from a turn of the century potter's field (MCIG I). JESSICA L. ZOTCAVAGE, SEAN DOUGHERTY, COLLEEN MILLIGAN, TIM PRINDEVILLE, NORMAN SULLIVAN.

5.        What are paleopathologists missing? A comparison between historically-recorded and skeletally-observed diseases in a late 19th century Pima cemetery sample from southern Arizona. MARCIA H. REGAN.

6.        A health assessment of 115 high status burials recovered from the Roman-Byzantine archaeological site of Elaiussa Sebaste, Turkey. R.R. PAINE, R. VARGIU, C. MORSELLI, E.E. SCHNEIDER.

7.         Sinkhole burial sites in Central Texas: A comparison of pathological conditions. CHRISTINE E. ALVAREZ.

8.        Late Prehistoric Infectious Disease on the Upper Texas Coast: Caplen Mound (41GV1). MATTHEW S. TAYLOR.

9.        Interpreting skeletal lesions at Hawikku: Evidence for mycotic infection. DAWN M. MULHERN, DONALD J. ORTNER, CYNTHIA A. WILCZAK, ERICA B. JONES.

10.     A preliminary investigation of occupational stress, health and disease, grave goods, and burial context, as determinants of social status at Umm-el Jimal (c. 300- 400 A.D.), Jordan. PAMELA K. STONE, MICHAEL A. TRAINA.

11.     The quality of health of early 20th century historic blacks from the Providence Baptist Church Cemetery. REBECCA J. WILSON, LEE M. JANTZ, M. KATE SPRADLEY.


13.     Feast of the Dead: analysis of the talus and calcaneus bones from the Poole-Rose Ossuary. ADRIENNE E. PENNEY, HEATHER I. MCKILLOP.

14.     Life during the early medieval period in southern Wales: evidence from the Atlantic Trading Estate skeletal collection. DENISE C. HODGES, KATHLEEN A. BLAKE, AMY L. DAVIDHIZER.

15.     Questioning the relationship of cranial deformation to ossicle formation: Results from Hawikku. CYNTHIA A. WILCZAK, STEVE D. OUSLEY.

16.     Congenital and developmental defects of the vertebral column in samples from Hawikku and Puye, New Mexico. MARILYN R. LONDON, CYNTHIA A. WILCZAK, J. CHRISTOPHER DUDAR, STEVE OUSLEY.

17.     Cranial robusticity, teeth and diet in ancient Egypt. SONIA R. ZAKRZEWSKI.

18.     A measure of biological distance in Nubians: a look at intrapopulation variation. KANYA GODDE.

19.     Biodistance analysis of postmarital residence and social structure in Jomon period Japan: migration patterns and status determinants in a dynamic setting. DANIEL H. TEMPLE, PAUL W. SCIULLI.

20.     Craniometric variation in the Providence Baptist Church, Shelby County, Tennessee. M. KATE SPRADLEY, REBECCA J. WILSON, LEE MEADOWS JANTZ, NICHOLAS P. HERRMANN.

21.     Analysis of the human skeletal remains from the Memphis-Shelby County Airport historic cemetery (40SY619). LEE MEADOWS JANTZ, REBECCA J. WILSON, NICHOLAS P. HERRMANN, M. KATE SPRADLEY, DONNA M. MCCARTHY.

22.     The Old Frankfort Cemetery: A preliminary report on a pre-Antebellum population. AMY C. FAVRET.

23.     Dietary reconstruction of the Albany County Almshouse skeletal sample through the analysis of dental calculus. MARTIN C. SOLANO, KARL J. REINHARD.

24.     Sexing from hands and feet in a Euro-American sample. ANN H. ROSS, D. TROY CASE.

25.     3-D landmark coordinate data sex determination of the adult human fragmented os coxa and the potentiality of euclidean distance matrix analysis. JOAN BYTHEWAY.

26.     The distal humerus - A blind test of Rogers' sexing technique using a documented skeletal collection. CERI G. FALYS, HOLGER SCHUTKOWSKI, DARLENE A. WESTON.

27.     A test of Meindl and Lovejoy’s method of estimating adult age at death from cranial suture closure. STEPHEN P. NAWROCKI, CARLOS J. ZAMBRANO.

28.     A new qualitative method for age estimation from dental radiographs with tests of observer agreement. DAVID G. MCBRIDE.

29.     A preliminary study of adult age-related morphological changes of the seventh thoracic vertebra. A. MIDORI ALBERT, ERYN H. MURPHY.

30.     An examination of age correction factors in the estimation of actual living height among modern skeletal material. LARA E. MCCORMICK.

31.     A methodological quandary: Aging juvenile human remains. ERIN B. WAXENBAUM.

32.     Stature estimation from the calcaneus. SHANNON L. VELLONE.

Session 13B. Skeletal Biology III. Contributed Posters. Empire Ballroom.

Chair: HOLGER SCHUTKOWSKI, University of Bradford.


8:00 – 8:30 am             Poster set-up.

8:30 – 10:00 am           Authors of even-numbered posters present for questions.

10:30 am – 12:00 pm   Authors of odd-numbered posters present for questions.

12:00 – 12:30 pm         Poster take-down.

33.     If I Only Had a..: Missing element estimation accuracy using the Fully Technique for estimating statures. BENJAMIN M. AUERBACH, MICHELLE H. RAXTER, CHRISTOPHER B. RUFF.

34.     A test of Fully’s stature reconstruction technique in Terry Collection whites and blacks. MICHELLE H. RAXTER, BENJAMIN M. AUERBACH, CHRISTOPHER B. RUFF.

35.     Stable strontium and geolocation : The first step in identification of deceased Mexican undocumented aliens, Preliminary results. CHELSEY JUAREZ.

36.     Recontextualization and identity assessment of un-provenienced mummified human remains. GWYN D. MADDEN.

37.     The truth is out there: how NOT to use FORDISC. DONNA FREID, M.K. SPRADLEY, RICHARD L. JANTZ, STEVE D. OUSLEY.

38.     A relational database design for osteological and odontological data. ARTI MANN, NORMAN C. SULLIVAN.

39.     Developmental field defects in the William M. Bass donated skeletal collection. DONNA M. MCCARTHY.

40.     Dietary carbohydrates (C3, C4, marine) influence collagen stable isotope values and the collagen to apatite offset in diets with normal protein levels. CORINA M. KELLNER, MARGARET J. SCHOENINGER.

41.     Variation in the juvenile craniofacial form: A pilot study. RICHARD A. GONZALEZ.

42.     Mandibular changes in a mouse model for craniofacial disorders. CHERYL A. HILL, ROGER H. REEVES, JOAN T. RICHTSMEIER.

43.     Chewing biomechanics in Sus scrofa: how do mandibular cross-sectional properties and dental microwear compare along the tooth row? JASON M. ORGAN, CHRISTOPHER B. RUFF, MARK F. TEAFORD, RICHARD A. NISBETT.

44.     Metatarsal articular modifications and kneeling in Byzantine monks. JAIME M. ULLINGER, MARY ELIZABETH KOVACIK, DENNIS P. VAN GERVEN, BERT DEVRIES, SUSAN G. SHERIDAN.

45.     A comparative study of pelvic variability in relation to sexual dimorphism and geography in both modern and pre-historic populations. DAWN M. CORSO.

46.     Quantifying cross-sectional geometry in modern human long bones using Elliptic Fourier Analysis for the purposes of ancestry attribution. MELISSA C. TALLMAN.

47.     Factors influencing osteological changes in the hands of rock climbers. ANGI M. CHRISTENSEN, ADAM D. SYLVESTER, PATRICIA A. KRAMER, GITTA H. LUBKE.

48.     Intraskeletal variability in bone mass. JOSHUA J. PECK, SAM STOUT.

49.     Primary tissue type variability in primate bone microstructure. JOHANNA WARSHAW.

50.     Ontogenetic variation in bone microstructure of catarrhines and its relationship to life history. SHANNON C. MCFARLIN, ADRIENNE L. ZIHLMAN, TIMOTHY G. BROMAGE.

51.     Comparison of bone type proportions between tibiae of exercised and sedentary swine. THIERRA K. NALLEY, CAROL V. WARD, MARGARET STREETER.

52.     The effects of parity on bone mineral density: pregnancy or lactation? LORENA M. HAVILL, MICHAEL C. MAHANEY, DEBORAH E. NEWMAN, JEFFREY ROGERS.

53.     Metacarpal head biomechanics: A comparative backscattered electron image analysis of trabecular bone mineral density in Pan troglodytes and Homo sapiens. ANGEL ZEININGER, GIDEON HARTMAN, BRIAN G. RICHMOND.

54.     A three-dimensional analysis of the geometry and curvature of the proximal tibial articular surface of hominoids. EMILY K. LANDIS.

55.     Epigenetic differences in articular surface area in captive and wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). KRISTI L. LEWTON.

56.     Foramen ovale; lateral fossa: A previously undescribed plastic response of bone to pterygoid muscle forces. RICHARD T. KORITZER, GARY D. HACK.

57.     Human bite force: the relation between EMG activity and bite force at a standardized gape. MATTHEW J. OLMSTED, CHRISTINE E. WALL, CHRISTOPHER J. VINYARD, WILLIAM L. HYLANDER.

58.     Histological examination of femoral cortical bone in mammals: a method for species identification. MONIKA MARTINIAKOVÁ, BIRGIT GROSSKOPF, MÁRIA VONDRÁKOVÁ, RADOSLAV OMELKA, MÁRIA BAUEROVÁ, MARIAN FABIŠ.

59.     An anatomically based 3-D musculo-skeletal model of the human hand for evaluation of precision grip capabilities. NAOMICHI OGIHARA, TAKEO KUNAI, MASATO NAKATSUKASA.

60.     The connection between body size and enthesis morphology. CHARLOTTE Y. HENDERSON, CHARLOTTE A. ROBERTS.

61.     Skeletal Biology Past and Present: Are We Moving in the Right Direction? SAMANTHA M. HENS, KANYA GODDE.


Session 14. 75 Years of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists. Symposium. Regency Ballroom.

Organizers and Chairs: MICHAEL A. LITTLE, Binghamton University, and Kenneth A.R. Kennedy, Cornell University.


The symposium provides an overview of the history of physical anthropology in North America over the past century with a focus on the AAPA from its incorporation in 1930 up to the present.  The symposium is arranged into two blocks of six papers each, where each group of six papers is followed by a 15-minute panel discussion.  The first block of papers covers the period up to the 1950s, and the second block covers the period into the 21st century.  The principal objective of the symposium is to celebrate the seventy-fifth anniversary of the AAPA (1930-2005), but another objective is to inform the younger members of the Association about the history of our profession and its primary society, the AAPA.


8:15 am    Physical anthropology at the turn of the century. C. LORING BRACE.

8:30 am    Principle figures in early 20th century physical anthropology. KENNETH A.R. KENNEDY.

8:45 am    Ales Hrdlicka and the founding of the AJPA: 1918. DONALD J. ORTNER.

9:00 am    The founding of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (AAPA): 1930. EMÖKE J.E. SZATHMÁRY.

9:15 am    Principal figures in physical anthropology before and during World War II. EUGENE GILES.

9:30 am    The immediate post-war years: the Yearbook of Physical Anthropology and the Summer Institutes. MICHAEL A. LITTLE, BERNICE A. KAPLAN.

9:45 am    Panel discussion: issues and directions during the first half of the century. Brace, Giles, Kaplan, Kennedy,  Little, Ortner, SZATHMÁRY.

10:00 am  Break

10:15 am  Sherwood Washburn and "The New Physical Anthropology". WILLIAM A. STINI.

10:30 am  Anti-anti-racism in the Cold War. JONATHAN M. MARKS, SUSAN SPERLING.

10:45 am  Race and the conflicts within the profession during the 1950s and 1960s. JOHN H. RELETHFORD.

11:00 am  75 years of the annual AAPA meetings, 1930-2004. KAYE BROWN, MATT CARTMILL.

11:15 am  The modern synthesis, modern genetics, and the worldview of physical anthropology. KENNETH M. WEISS.

11:30 am  Description, hypothesis testing, and conceptual advances in physical anthropology. CLARK S. LARSEN.

11:45 am  Panel discussion: issues and directions during the second half of the century. Brown, Cartmill, Larsen, Marks, Relethford, Sperling, Stini, Weiss.


Session 15. Hominid Evolution III. Contributed Papers. Crystal Ballroom.

Chair: DANIEL E. LIEBERMAN, Harvard University.


8:00 am    Testing locomotor hypothesis in early hominids: 3D modeling and simulation of bipedalisms using anatomical data. GILLES BERILLON, GUILLAUME NICOLAS, FRANCK MULTON, FRANÇOIS MARCHAL, GEORGES DUMONT, YVETTE DELOISON, DOMINIQUE GOMMERY.

8:15 am    Upright posture and vertebral anatomy in Australopithecus. CAROL V. WARD, BRUCE LATIMER.

8:30 am    Comparative prezygapophyseal morphology: implications for postural and locomotor adaptations in hominin evolution. KRISTIN E. ERICSON.

8:45 am    Did the short hindlimbs of many ancestral hominids result in lower energetic efficiency in running? KAREN L. STEUDEL-NUMBERS, TIMOTHY D. WEAVER.

9:00 am    Froude Number (Fr): Is it useful in comparing individuals with different leg lengths? PATRICIA A. KRAMER.

9:15 am    Hip breadth and forces on the lower limb during human walking. LAURA T. GRUSS.

9:30 am    Does femoral head size reflect the magnitude of hip joint reaction force in adult humans? TIMOTHY D. WEAVER.

9:45 am    Break


10:15 am  Functional implications of variation in lumbar vertebral count within Hominini. KATHERINE K. WHITCOME.

10:30 am  Cooking, time-budgets, and the sexual division of labor. RICHARD WRANGHAM, ZARIN MACHANDA, ROBERT MCCARTHY.

10:45 am  Environmental context of early Pleistocene hominins from the Ileret subregion (Area 1a) of Koobi Fora, Kenya. RHONDA L. QUINN, CHRISTOPHER J. LEPRE.

11:00 am  A comparative analysis of the KNM-ER 42700 hominin calvaria from Ileret (Kenya). FRED SPOOR, MEAVE G. LEAKEY, LOUISE N. LEAKEY.

11:15 am  Bootstrap method and the analysis of cranial capacity variation in the Dmanisi fossils and Homo ergaster. CARLOS LORENZO, IGNACIO MARTINEZ, JUAN LUIS ARSUAGA, ANA GRACIA.

11:30 am  A pubic symphysis of early Homo from the late Early Pleistocene at Buia (Danakil Depression, Eritrea). LUCA BONDIOLI, ALFREDO COPPA, DAVID W. FRAYER, YOSIEF LIBSEKAL, LORENZO ROOK, ROBERTO MACCHIARELLI.

11:45 am  Late Pleistocene teeth from the Altai: A reappraisal. BENCE VIOLA, MARIA TESCHLER-NICOLA, OTTMAR KULLMER, ANDRE DEREVIANKO, HORST SEIDLER.


Session 16. Molecular and Population Genetics II. Contributed Papers. Walker Room.

Chair: ALAN R. ROGERS, University of Utah.


8:00 am    Reading social structure from the genome: some insights from Bali. J. STEPHEN LANSING, TATIANA KARAFET, MICHAEL HAMMER.

8:15 am    Assessing gene flow and population subdivision in chacma baboons (Papio hamadryas ursinus) using mitochondrial and nuclear DNA markers. RIASHNA SITHALDEEN, PAUL L. BABB, REBECCA ROGERS ACKERMANN, TIMOTHY K. NEWMAN.

8:30 am    MtDNA Diversity in Six West Indian Islands throughout the Anglophone Caribbean. JADA P. BENN TORRES, ANNE C. STONE.


9:00 am    Demographic and genetic estimates of the population size of the Hadzabe of Tanzania. UMA RAMAKRISHNAN, NICHOLAS BLURTON-JONES, SARAH TISHKOFF, JOANNA MOUNTAIN.

9:15 am    Patterns of relatedness and the population genetic effects of male-biased dispersal in savannah baboons at Gombe National Park and Mikumi National Park, Tanzania. AMANDA VINSON.

9:30 am    The distribution of ancestral alleles among populations. ALAN R. ROGERS, HENRY C. HARPENDING, STEPHEN WOODING, LYNN B. JORDE.

9:45 am    Using measures of locus-specific differentiation to find genes underlying traits subject to recent genetic adaptation: A test case using skin pigmentation. HEATHER L. NORTON, RICK KITTLES, CAROLINA BONILLA, JOSH AKEY, MARK D. SHRIVER.

10:00 am  Break

10:15 am  Fine-scale patterns of LD across a recombinational hotspot and the recent origin of the HbC beta-globin allele. ELIZABETH T. WOOD, DARYN A. STOVER, MICHAEL W. NACHMAN, MICHAEL F. HAMMER.

10:30 am  Contrasting patterns of male and female-mediated gene flow in wild bonobo populations. LINDA VIGILANT.

10:45 am  Mitochondrial DNA variation among populations of Mesoamerica and the American Southwest: Does Uto-Aztecan represent a biological unit? BRIAN M. KEMP, ANDRES RESENDEZ, RIPAN S. MAHLI, JOHN MCDONOUGH, CARA MONROE, GILLIAN RHETT, DAVID G. SMITH.

11:00 am  A genetic analysis of group relatedness in free-ranging black-handed spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi). CHRISTINA J. CAMPBELL, K. ANN HORSBURGH, ELIZABETH MATISOO-SMITH.

11:15 am  A genome-wide scan for quantitative trait loci influencing childhood bone mass. DANA L. DUREN, JOHN BLANGERO, THOMAS DYER, SHELLEY A. COLE, ALEX F. ROCHE, ROGER M. SIERVOGEL, BRADFORD TOWNE.

11:30 am  Evolution of dental formulas and tooth development genes in primates. GEORGE H. PERRY, ANNE C. STONE.

11:45 am  Genetic variation in Eastern European countries as revealed by short tandem repeat polymorphism: Utility for human identification and parentage testing. RANAJIT CHAKRABORTY, WEN - NIU, XIAOHUA - SHENG, HEE S LEE.


Session 17. Human Biology I. Contributed Papers. Mitchell Room.

Chair: TIMOTHY B. GAGE, University at Albany.


8:00 am    Natural selection in the Tibet Autonomous Region. CYNTHIA M. BEALL, KIJOUNG SONG, ROBERT C. ELSTON, MELVYN C. GOLDSTEIN.

8:15 am    Towards an "evolutionary behavioral teratology": Speculations from the endophrenology of a common birth defect. FRED L. BOOKSTEIN.

8:30 am    Genotype-by-sex interaction in the regulation of high-density lipoprotein (HDL): The Framingham Heart Study. M.J. MOSHER, LISA J. MARTIN, L.A. CUPPLES, Q. YANG, TOM D. DYER, JEFF T. WILLIAMS, KARI E. NORTH.

8:45 am    Are modern environments really bad for us: Revisiting the epidemiological transition. TIMOTHY B. GAGE.

9:00 am    Environmental variability, life history tactics, and Neanderthal extinction. JAMES H. JONES.

9:15 am    Two case-study challenges to the thrifty genotype hypothesis: an argument for expanding our etiological models of diabetes-prone populations. DANIEL C. BENYSHEK.

9:30 am    A prediction model for the geographical distribution of antimicrobial resistance genes by wild and domestic animals: Mobilized reservoirs and human health implications. JESSICA F. BRINKWORTH.

9:45 am    Break

10:00 am  Taste, learning and food choice: expanded, multidisciplinary frameworks. BETHANY L. TURNER.

10:15 am  Sex and age related changes in activity patterns: a Central California example. ROBIN M. CORDERO, JENN MALCOM.

10:30 am  Pelvic size and shape in a Later Stone Age southern African sample. HELEN K. KURKI.

10:45 am  A geo-spatial perspective on behavior and activity in late prehistoric eastern North America. KIMBERLY D. WILLIAMS, CLARK SPENCER LARSEN.

11:00 am  New statistical methods for estimating age-at-death distributions from skeletal data: A validation study. L. JAIMESON STUART, LYLE W. KONIGSBERG.

11:15 am  A reexamination of the etiology and formation of wormian bones. JENNIFER S. MALCOM, ROBIN CORDERO.


11:45 am  Geographical height variation in Ohio convicts born 1780-1849. NANCY E. TATAREK.



Friday Afternoon – April 8, 2004


Session 18. Adaptability of Mexican Populations. Poster Symposium. Empire Ballroom.

Organizers and Chairs: Francisco Gurri García, and Laura Huicochea Gómez,   El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, Campeche, México.


This symposium is composed of physical anthropologists who work full-time in Mexican institutions, and has been organized so that they can share their views on the adaptability of Mexican populations.  The symposium, organized by the Mexican Association of Biological Anthropology (AMAB in Spanish) presents posters that make adaptive inferences on skeletal and living Mexican populations based on their physical characteristics.


2:00 – 2:30 pm             Poster set-up.

2:30 – 3:30 pm             Authors present for questions.

3:30 – 4:00 pm             Discussion by posters (FRANCISCO D. GURRI).

6:00 – 6:30 pm             Poster take-down.                                                                                                                                                                         


55.     Microadaptation: Health and nutrition in prehispanic México. LOURDES MÁRQUEZ.

56.     The mortality increment by the hepatic cirrhosis in Yucatán, México. MARTHA PIMIENTA, ALFONSO GALLARDO.

57.     Changes in body composition as an adaptation to seasonal variation in food availabilty in Calakmul, Campeche, Mexico. FRANCISCO D. GURRI.

58.     Fertility and demographic change in ancient Mesoamerica: Evidencies of a successful adaptation. PATRICIA O. HERNÁNDEZ, LOURDES MÁRQUEZ, MARÍA EUGENIA PEÑA.

59.     Health and society in Mexico. A research line of Mexican Physical Anthropology. FLORENCIA PEÑA.

60.     Epidemiological auxology of an Indian population of the central part of Veracruz, Mexico. CARLOS SERRANO SÁNCHEZ, MARÍA ELENA SÁENZ FAULHABER.

61.     Body, perception and Illness after the Isidoro hurricane in Calakmul Campeche. LAURA HUICOCHEA.

62.     Antioxidants and pollution among the young and elderly in México.  LUIS A. VARGAS, VÍCTOR M. MENDOZA, MARTHA A. SÁNCHEZ.


Session 19. Advances in Marmoset and Goeldi's Monkey (Callimico) Research: Anatomy, Behavioral Ecology, Phylogeny, and Conservation. Poster Symposium. Empire Ballroom.

Organizers and Chairs: Susan M. Ford, Southern Illinois University, Leila Porter, University of Washington – Seattle, and Lesa C. Davis, Northeastern Illinois University.


In the last fifteen years, there has been an explosion of new information on the marmosets and the Goeldi’s monkey.  Overwhelming genetic evidence now indicates that they represent a unified clade within the callitrichid radiation of New World monkeys.  Seven new species have been identified, and ten others have been raised to full species status, with at least one other pending.  One group of marmosets has been raised to generic level (Mico), and an entirely new genus has been discovered (Callibella).  This is the first new genus of New World monkey discovered since Callimico a hundred years ago.  We also have seen a dramatic increase of knowledge on their anatomy, locomotion, diet, ecology, and social behavior, much of which is quite surprising.   For example, groups often have more than one breeding male and occasionally more than one breeding female; Callibella, like Callimico, appears to have lost twinning; Callimico eats fungi; and the group displays measurable craniodental and postcranial differences related to vertical clinging and other ecobehaviors.  In addition, many of these species are at risk or highly endangered.  Increasing our understanding of their biology, behavior, and distribution will assist their conservation.  A great deal of this work has been done by Brazilian researchers, and much of it has been presented in venues not readily accessed or regularly read by American scholars.  This symposium brings together scholars from the United States, Brazil, and Europe, providing a unique opportunity for the exchange of information and viewpoints as well as presentation of this new information to a wider audience of primatologists and other biological anthropologists.


2:00 – 2:30 pm             Poster set-up.

3:00 – 4:00 pm             Authors present for questions.

4:00 – 4:30 pm             Discussion by posters (ANTHONY RYLANDS).

6:00 – 6:30 pm             Poster take-down.                                                                                                                                                                         


23.     The phylogeny of the Callitrichinae, with special emphasis on the marmosets (including Callibela), Callimico and new information on Brazilian Saguinus. HORACIO SCHNEIDER, IRACILDA SAMPAIO, MARCELO VALLINOTO, JOSE A.R. BERNARDI, PERICLES S. REGO, JULIANA ARARIPE, CLAUDIA TAGLIARO.

24.     New light on relationships of Callimico from reproductive biology. ROBERT D. MARTIN, ANN-KATHRIN OERKE, J. KEITH HODGES.

25.     Social behavior of wild Goeldi’s monkeys (Callimico goeldii). LEILA M. PORTER, PAUL A. GARBER.

26.     Range use by Callimico in a mixed-species group. JENNIFER A. REHG.

27.     A comparative study of the kinematics of leaping in Callimico goeldii and Callthrix jacchus. PAUL A. GARBER, ANA SALLENAVE, GREGORY BLOMQUIST, GUSTL ANZENBERGER.

28.     Locomotion, postures, and habitat use by pygmy marmosets (Cebuella pygmaea). DIONISIOS YOULATOS.

29.     Is infanticide by females more common in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus)? Implications for how callitrichines balance cooperation and competition. LESLIE J. DIGBY, WENDY SALTZMAN.

30.     Anatomical correlates for trunk-to-trunk leaping in the forelimb and hindlimb of Callimico goeldii. LESA C. DAVIS.

31.     The biomechanics of tree gouging in common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus). AMY L. MORK, CHRISTINE E. WALL, SUSAN H. WILLIAMS, BROOKE A. GARNER, KIRK R. JOHNSON, DANIEL SCHMITT, WILLIAM L. HYLANDER, CHRISTOPHER J. VINYARD.

32.     Stretching the limits: Jaw-muscle fiber architecture in tree-gouging and nongouging callitrichid monkeys. CAROLYN M. ENG, CHRISTOPHER J. VINYARD, FRED ANAPOL, ANDREA B. TAYLOR.

33.     Cranial morphology of callitrichid genera: variability and diversification. JOHN M. AGUIAR, THOMAS E. LACHER, JR.

34.      Size and shape in marmosets skulls: allometry and heterochrony in the morphological evolution of small critters. GABRIEL MARROIG, JAMES M. CHEVERUD.

35.     The skeleton of the dwarf marmoset, Callibella humilis: functional and phylogenetic implications. SUSAN M. FORD, LESA C. DAVIS.

Session 20. Current Research in the Analysis of Burned Human Bones. Poster Symposium. Empire Ballroom.

Organizers and Chairs: Christopher W. Schmidt, University of Indianapolis, and SteveN A. Symes, Mercyhurst College.


This symposium concerns the study of thermally affected human bones.  It consists of poster presentations representing both the archeological and forensic realms.  The goal is to share current research in methods and theory so that osteologists can maximize the biological and cultural data that they can glean from these often highly fragmented, discolored, and commingled remains.                                                                              Steve Symes, Ph.D., Mercyhurst College.


2:00 – 2:30 pm             Poster set-up.

3:30 – 4:30 pm             Authors present for questions.

4:30 – 5:00 pm             Discussion by posters (CHRISTOPHER W. SCHMIDT, STEVEN A SYMES).

6:00 – 6:30 pm             Poster take-down.                                                                                                                                                                         


11.     Bone biomechanical considerations in perimortem vs. postmortem thermal bone fractures: Fracture analyses on victims of suspicious fire scenes. STEVEN A SYMES, ANNE M. KROMAN, CHRISTOPHER W. RAINWATER, ANDREA L. PIPER.

12.     Time, temperature, and oxygen availability: an experimental study of the effects of environmental conditions on the color and organic content of cremated bone. PHILLIP WALKER, KEVIN P. MILLER.

13.     Using electron spin resonance (ESR) to quantify the thermal history of burned bones. MARK SCHURR, ROBERT G. HAYES, DELLA C. COOK.

14.     Analysis of modern cremated human remains: Gross and chemical methods. JOHN J. SCHULTZ, MICHAEL W. WARREN, JOHN S. KRIGBAUM.

15.     A taphonomic analysis of burned remains from the Fox Hollow Serial Homicide Site. AMANDA BAKER BONTRAGER, STEPHEN P. NAWROCKI.


17.     Laboratory excavation of an Early Woodland cremation from Ross County, Ohio. CHERYL A. JOHNSTON, PAUL W. SCIULLI.

18.     Interpretation of a Late Woodland cremation burial in the American Bottom. MELINDA L. CARTER.

19.     Putting together the pieces: reconstructing commingled ossuary cremains. A. JOANNE CURTIN.

20.     GIS analysis of the cremated skeletal material from the Walker-Noe site, Kentucky. NICHOLAS P. HERRMANN, JOANNE DEVLIN, DAVID POLLACK.

21.     Replication experiments as a method for understanding cremation. MISTY A. WEITZEL.



Session 21. Reanalysis and Reinterpretation in Southwestern Bioarchaeology. Poster Symposium. Empire Ballroom.

Organizer and Chair: Ann L.W. Stodder, Field Museum of Natural History.


The posters in this session address a broad range of topics within the bioarchaeology of the Greater Southwest: human taphonomy and mortuary behavior, interpersonal conflict and traumatic injury, diet, the paleoepidemiology of nutritional pathologies, parasitism and infectious disease, sexual size dimorphism and analyses of metric and nonmetric traits. But they all present new research on previously studied archaeological assemblages and/or archived data. The authors use new analytical methods and new interpretive frameworks to address current issues in human biology of the prehistoric Southwest at local and regional scales. The work presented demonstrates the fundamentally cumulative nature of bioarchaeological research, the value of repeated inquiry and reanalysis, and the importance of data curation


2:00 – 2:30 pm             Poster set-up.

4:00 – 5:00 pm             Authors present for questions.

5:00 – 5:30 pm             Discussion by posters (ALAN SWEDLUND).

6:00 – 6:30 pm             Poster take-down.                                                                                                                                                                         


43.     Reassessing the Tower Kiva skeletal remains from Salmon Ruins, New Mexico. NANCY J. AKINS.

44.     A reassessment of skeletal pathologies at Arroyo Hondo. ANN M. PALKOVICH.

45.     Reassessing trauma: Bilateral hyoid fracture in an adult male from Arroyo Hondo Pueblo, New Mexico. ANNA S. TISON.

46.     A reanalysis of Tijeras Pueblo: another look at developmental defects in the Prehispanic Southwest. HEATHER S. WILLIAMS.

47.     Bioarchaeology in the Point of Pines Region: warfare, interpersonal conflict, and domestic violence explored. TERESA RODRIGUES.

48.     Reassessing sex in the Pecos Pueblo skeletal sample. KATHERINE E. WEISENSEE.

49.     Diachronic analysis of stature in the northern Anazazi: influence of population density and dietary protein. NANCY J. MALVILLE.

50.     A current view of Ancestral Puebloan diet: starvation vs. dietary stability. SARA H. LEROY-TOREN, KARL J. REINHARD.

51.     Effects of parasitism on Ancestral Pueblo maternal and infant health. KARL J. REINHARD.

52.     Infant and child diseases in the pre-Columbian Grasshopper Pueblo, Arizona. MICHAEL SCHULTZ, TYEDE H. SCHMIDT-SCHULTZ.

53.     Health in the prehistoric Southwest: looking for the big picture. ANN L.W. STODDER.

54.     Secondary processing of human remains at the pre-hispanic site of Paquimé (Casas Grandes), Chihuahua, Mexico. GORDON F.M. RAKITA, ALLISON E. WARNOCK.


Session 22. The Metabolic Syndrome: Epidemiological, Methodological, Genetic, and Cross-Cultural Perspectives. Symposium. Regency Ballroom.

Organizers and Chairs: Bradford Towne, Wright State University School of Medicine, and Stephen T. McGarvey, Brown University Medical School.


By the 1980s, researchers and clinicians specializing in the study and treatment of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) had come to realize that CVD and NIDDM risk factors often co-occur in individuals.  These risk factors primarily consist of adverse lipid profiles and impaired glucose metabolism, but also include hypertension and chronic vascular inflammation.  Furthermore, it is now recognized that excess adiposity significantly contributes to each of these categories of risk factors.  Over two decades ago, Kissebah (1982) popularized the term “Metabolic Syndrome” to describe this clustering of CVD and NIDDM risk factors.  Since that time, increasing efforts have been made to understand the physiological, environmental, and genetic connections between the constituent components of the Metabolic Syndrome.  These efforts have taken place against a backdrop of ever increasing prevalence rates of overweight and obesity, not only in the developed world, but also in developing nations.  The purpose of this symposium is to examine epidemiological, methodological, genetic, and cross-cultural aspects of the Metabolic Syndrome paradigm from the perspective of clinicians, statisticians, molecular biologists, human biologists, and anthropologists.  Cosponsored by the Human Biology Association.


2:00 pm    Biology and genetics of the metabolic syndrome. AHMED H. KISSEBAH.

2:15 pm    Structure of the metabolic syndrome: Implications for measurement, classification, and theory. RAYMOND NIAURA, JEANNE M. MCCAFFERY, BIING SHEN, JOHN TODARO, AVRON SPIRO, III, KENNETH D. WARD, MATT MULDOON, STEPHEN MANUCK.

2:30 pm    Sensitivity and specificity of body mass index as a definition of the obesity component of metabolic syndrome. BANDANA M. CHAKRABORTY, RANAJIT CHAKRABORTY.                                                                                                                                            

2:45 pm    Measurement and assessment of centralized adiposity for genetic epidemiological studies of the Metabolic Syndrome. ELLEN W. DEMERATH, AUDREY CHOH, STEFAN A. CZERWINSKI, ROGER M. SIERVOGEL, BRADFORD TOWNE.

3:00 pm    Quantitative genetic architecture of adiposity and associated Metabolic Syndrome risks. BRADFORD TOWNE, AUDREY C. CHOH, STEFAN A. CZERWINSKI, ROGER M. SIERVOGEL, ELLEN W. DEMERATH.

3:15 pm    Genetic analysis of abnormalities in lipid metabolism in individuals with the metabolic syndrome. MICHAEL OLIVIER, AHMED H. KISSEBAH.

3:30 pm    Break

3:45 pm    Growth Patterns During Infancy and Childhood as Risk Factors for the Metabolic Syndrome. NOEL CAMERON.

4:00 pm    Clinical Manifestations of the Metabolic Syndrome in Hispanics. RAUL A. BASTARRACHEA.

4:15 pm    Risk Factors for Metabolic Syndrome in Alaska Natives. BERT B. BOYER, ROSEMARIE PLAETKE, SCARLETT H. HUTCHISON, GERALD V. MOHATT.

4:30 pm    Health consequences of economic and lifestyle changes among indigenous Siberian populations: The emergence of the Metabolic Syndrome. WILLIAM R. LEONARD, J. JOSH SNODGRASS, MARK V. SORENSEN, LARISSA TARSKAIA, V.P. ALEKSEEV, V.G. KRIVOSHAPKIN.


5:00 pm    Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in Samoans. STEPHEN T. MCGARVEY, LINDA BAUSSERMAN, SATUPAITEA VIALI, JOSEPH TUFA.

5:15 pm    Energy expenditure and traits of the metabolic syndrome in Yoruban and Africa-American women. AMY LUKE.

5:30 pm    Beyond the thrifty gene: human life history, energetics, and the metabolic syndrome. CHRISTOPHER W. KUZAWA.

5:45 pm    Discussion. AHMED H. KISSEBAH.


Session 23. Primate Behavior III. Contributed Papers. Walker Room.

Chair: GARY P. ARONSEN, Yale University.


2:00 pm    Edge effects and their influence on lemur biogeography in southeast Madagascar. SHAWN M. LEHMAN, ANDRY RAJAONSON, SABINE DAY.

2:15 pm    Conservation applications of positional behavior, support use, and forest structure data. GARY P. ARONSEN.


2:45 pm    Foraging in a complex niche: The development of foraging and social skills in chacma baboons. SARA E. JOHNSON.

3:00 pm    Demographic analysis of a wild lemur population at Beza Mahafaly Special Reserve, Madagascar. RICHARD R. LAWLER, ALISON F. RICHARD, ROBERT E. DEWAR, CHRISTINE M. HUNTER, HAL CASWELL.

3:15 pm    Patterns of mortality and trauma in a wild population of ring-tailed lemurs, Lemur catta. MICHELLE L. SAUTHER, FRANK P. CUOZZO.

3:30 pm    The impact of habitat disturbance on fruit consumption by the Milne-Edwards' sifaka (Propithecus edwardsi) in Ranomafana National Park, Madagascar. SUMMER J. ARRIGO-NELSON.

3:45 pm    Break

4:00 pm    The lean season lasts all year: Diademed sifakas (Propithecus diadema) in forest fragments show reduced dietary diversity and rely heavily on parasitic mistletoes. MITCHELL T. IRWIN.

4:15 pm    The relationship between leaf chemistry and feeding patterns in a small-bodied nocturnal folivore (Avahi laniger). ANDREA L. FAULKNER, SHAWN M. LEHMAN.

4:30 pm    Independent and social learning in the development of aye-aye tap-foraging skills. ELISSA B. KRAKAUER, CAREL P. VAN SCHAIK.


5:00 pm    Sex differences in vigilance in Verreaux's sifaka: Are males providing a predator-detection service? REBECCA J. LEWIS.

5:15 pm    On the origins of strong polygyny and socially imposed monogamy in humans. CAREL P. VAN SCHAIK, SAGAR PANDIT.

5:30 pm    Female competition: applying the socioecological model of primate coalition formation to humans. NICOLE H. HESS, EDWARD H. HAGEN.

5:45 pm    Straight to the point: mediolateral forces associated with linear lemurid locomotion. KRISTIAN J. CARLSON, BRIGITTE DEMES, THERESA M. FRANZ.


Session 24. Primate Evolution I. Contributed Papers. Crystal Ballroom.

Chair: HERMANN PROSSINGER, University of Vienna.


2:00 pm    Dietary reconstruction of Archaeolemur using dental topographic analysis. STEPHEN J. KING, MARINA B. BLANCO, LAURIE R. GODFREY.

2:15 pm    Timing of growth and development of late juvenile and adolescent Japanese macaque females (M. fuscata). YUZURU HAMADA, HERMANN PROSSINGER.

2:30 pm    Allometry of anthropoid femoral neck trabecular architecture using 3D microCT. ROBERTO J. FAJARDO, RALPH MUELLER, RICH A. KETCHAM, MATT COLBERT. 2:45 pm                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Relationships among limb mass distribution, kinematics, and mechanical power in primates compared to non-primate quadrupeds. DAVID A. RAICHLEN.

3:00 pm    Diet and jaw form in Pongo. ANDREA B. TAYLOR.

3:15 pm    Walking backwards: testing the association between centers of mass and footfall patterns. MATT CARTMILL, ERICA A. CARTMILL, DANIEL SCHMITT, PIERRE LEMELIN.

3:30 pm    Sexual dimorphism and the mandibular fossa of great apes. ALON BARASH, YOEL RAK.

3:45 pm    Teaching evolutionary theory: conceptual understanding of evolution among undergraduate anthropology students. DARCY L. HANNIBAL, MELISSA J. CHEYNEY.

4:00 pm    Break

4:15 pm    Categorization of primate molar enamel thickness. LAWRENCE B. MARTIN, ANTHONY J. OLEJNICZAK.

4:30 pm    Ghosts of the past II: forelimb muscles and fasciae in some Primates. CHARLES E. OXNARD.

4:45 pm    The approach to sexual maturity in Japanese macaque females (M. fuscata): a longitudinal growth study. HERMANN PROSSINGER, FRED L. BOOKSTEIN, YUZURU HAMADA.

5:00 pm    Ecological and morphological correlates of the infraorbital foramen and its paleoecological implications. MAGDALENA N. MUCHLINSKI.

5:15 pm    High-resolution (3D SR-µCT-based) structural analysis of the primate proximal tibia: Evidence for locomotion-related topographic variation. ARNAUD MAZURIER, LUCA BONDIOLI, ALBERTO BRAVIN, CHRISTIAN NEMOZ, ROBERTO MACCHIARELLI.

5:30 pm    Siamang and orangutan limb anatomy: possible functional convergence? MARISSA A. SOUSA RAMSIER, ADRIENNE L. ZIHLMAN.

5:45 pm    Ontogenetic Allometry in the Papionin Face. STEVEN R. LEIGH.


Session 25. Human Biology II. Contributed Papers. Mitchell Room.

Chair: MICHELLE LAMPL, Department of Anthropology, Emory University.


2:00 pm    Possible Etiological Significance of Altered Growth Patterns in Children with Clefts of the Lip and Palate. EVELYN J. BOWERS.

2:15 pm    The pre-pubertal origins of sex differences in digit ratios, and their development from infancy to maturity. MATTHEW H. MCINTYRE, BARBARA A. COHN, ELLEN W. DEMERATH, BRADFORD TOWNE, PETER T. ELLISON.

2:30 pm    The "phrenology" of testosterone: studies in the endocrinology and psychology of facial form. KATRIN SCHAEFER, BERNHARD FINK, KARL GRAMMER, PHILIP MITTEROECKER, PHILIPP GUNZ, NICK NEAVE, FRED L. BOOKSTEIN, HORST SEIDLER, JOHN T. MANNING.

2:45 pm    Cognition and electroencephalography across the lifespan among the Ache. JOHN D. WAGNER, ROBERT S. WALKER, KIM R. HILL.

3:00 pm    The experience of menopause in Paraguay. LYNNETTE LEIDY SIEVERT, MARIO CARLOS GONZALEZ, ANA MAGDALENA HURTADO.

3:15 pm    Low social status and soy protein increase insulin sensitivity in premenopausal monkeys. JAY R. KAPLAN, JANICE WAGNER.


3:45 pm    Break

4:00 pm    The cost of reproduction in the Gambia: does investment in reproduction decrease women's survival rates? REBECCA SEAR, RUTH MACE.

4:15 pm    Progesterone levels during conception and implantation do not predict subsequent fetal loss. VIRGINIA J. VITZTHUM, HILDE SPIELVOGEL, JONATHAN THORNBURG.

4:30 pm    Novel variation in diurnal rhythms of salivary testosterone in rural Bolivian men. CAROL M. WORTHMAN, VIRGINIA J. VITZTHUM, CYNTHIA M. BEALL, E. VARGAS, M. VILLENA, R. SORIA, H. SPIELVOGEL.

4:45 pm    Grandma's right: A sleeping baby may be a growing baby. MICHELLE LAMPL.

5:00 pm    Tracking the emergence of childhood obesity in a rural Papua New Guinea population using historical data. STANLEY J. ULIJASZEK.

5:15 pm    Nighttime parenting behavior among first-time adolescent and adult mothers: implications for child development. LANE E. VOLPE, JAMES J. MCKENNA.

5:30 pm    In Dogon families, who helps and who harms children's nutritional status? BEVERLY I. STRASSMANN, RUSSELL P. HERROLD, IV.

5:45 pm    Quality and consistency of infant care in daytime and nighttime parenting of first-time adolescent and adult mothers. WILLOW A. WETHERALL, JAMES J. MCKENNA.


Saturday Morning – April 9, 2005




Session 26. Dental Anthropology II. Contributed Posters. Empire Ballroom.

Chair: EDWARD F. HARRIS, University of Tennessee – Memphis.


8:00 – 8:30 am             Poster set-up.

8:30 – 10:00 am           Authors of even-numbered posters present for questions.

10:30 am – 12:00 pm   Authors of odd-numbered posters present for questions.

12:00 – 12:30 pm         Poster take-down.                                                                                                                                                                         


1.        Genetic and environmental influences on tooth crown diameters in twins. EDWARD F. HARRIS.

2.        X-linked loci influence morphological variation on molar crowns in pedigreed baboons. MICHAEL C. MAHANEY, JACK W. KENT, JR., LOREN R. LEASE, LESLEA J. HLUSKO.

3.        Comparison of deciduous and permanent dental morphology in a European American sample. HEATHER J.H. EDGAR, LOREN R. LEASE.

4.        An evaluation of microCT for assessing in 3D the concordance of dental trait expression between the dentin-enamel junction and the outer enamel surface of modern human molars. MATTHEW M. SKINNER, RASESH KAPADIA.

5.        Non-metric dental variation among the ancient Maya of Northern Belize. GABRIEL D. WROBEL.

6.        Differences in dentine/enamel proportions between the first and second permanent mandibular molars. NETTA LEV-TOV CHATTAH, URI ZILBERMAN, PATRICIA SMITH.

7.        A mesio-buccal mandibular molar trait in ancient populations of Ireland. JAIMIN D. WEETS.

8.        Cementum Luminance Analysis (CLA): a new approach to dental cementum studies. CARA M. WALL.

9.        Measuring the amount of exposed dentine: A comparison of two methods. CHRIS A. DETER.

10.     Analyses of dental microwear of heavily worn occlusal surfaces of mandibular molars from Neolithic Japan using SEM. TERUYUKI HOJO.

11.     Possible congenital hypoplasia in Jomon period Japanese. KARA C. HOOVER, DANIEL H. TEMPLE, HIROKO HASHIMOTO.

12.     Linear enamel hypoplasias in early Medieval population of Great Moravia (Czech Republic). PAVEL TREFNY, PETR VELEMINSKY.

13.     Childhood health in the community of Portus Romae (2nd to 3rd Century BCE) determined from microscopic enamel defects in children with mixed dentitions. ALESSIA NAVA, LUCA BONDIOLI, CHARLES M. FITZGERALD, SHELLEY SAUNDERS, ALFREDO COPPA, ROBERTO MACCHIARELLI.

14.     Dental health decline in the Chesapeake Bay, Virginia: the role of European contact and multiple stressors. SALLY M. GRAVER.

15.     Prehistoric diet and dentan health at the Grand Bay site - Carriacou, Grenada, W.I. RYAN R. REEVES, CLAUDIA KRAAN.

16.     The People of Nebira, Papua New Guinea: Subsistence, Health, and Disease. COREY J. JOSSELYN, CHRISTINA TORRES-ROUFF.



Session 27. Primate Biological Variation I. Contributed Posters. Empire Ballroom.

Chair: MICHELLE SINGLETON, Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine.


8:00 – 8:30 am             Poster set-up.

8:30 – 10:00 am           Authors of even-numbered posters present for questions.

10:30 am – 12:00 pm   Authors of odd-numbered posters present for questions.

12:00 – 12:30 pm         Poster take-down.                                                                                                                                                                         


23.     MRI analysis of the calcarine and lunate sulci in modern humans. JOHN S. ALLEN, JOEL BRUSS, HANNA DAMASIO.

24.     Is humanlike lateralization of cytoarchitecture found in other species with complex social vocalization? A stereologic examination of mustached bat auditory cortex. MARY ANN RAGHANTI, JEFFREY WENSTRUP, CHET SHERWOOD.

25.     Cell Columns In Frontal Cortex of Apes and Humans. DANIEL P. BUXHOEVEDEN, KATERINA SEMENDEFERI.

26.     The ontogeny of cranial capacity and dental development: a study of growth patterns in primates. NANCY L. BARRICKMAN.

27.     Exploring whether or not chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) can discern oppositions and its implications on human evolution. ANDREW R. HALLORAN, DOUGLAS BROADFIELD, DAVID BJORKLUND, ROSE HORES.

28.     Independence of biomechanical forces and craniofacial pneumatization in Cebus. TODD C. RAE, THOMAS KOPPE.

29.     Correlates of frontal sinus evolution in strepsirrhines. SANDRA TÜCKMANTEL, ALEXANDRA E. MÜLLER, CHRISTOPHE SOLIGO.

30.     New insights into the paranasal sinuses of Callithrix jacchus. THOMAS KOPPE, TODD C. RAE OLIVIA S. SCHIWALL, SCOTT LOZANOFF.

31.     An interspecific analysis of relative posterior facial height in strepsirrhine and anthropoid primates. BROOKE A. GARNER, CHRISTOPHER VINYARD.

32.     A comparative geometric analysis of cranial ontogeny in genus Macaca. MICHELLE SINGLETON.

33.     Analysis of cranio-mandibular shape differences among Pan troglodytes subspecies using geometric morphometrics. CHRIS ROBINSON, KATERINA HARVATI.

34.     3-D geometric morphometric analysis of the papionin temporal bone. CHRISTOPHER C. GILBERT.

35.      Skeletal pathologies in wild chimpanzees from Tai National Forest, Cote d'Ivoire. ADRIENNE L. ZIHLMAN, CHRISTOPHE BOESCH.

36.     Mobility of the muscles of facial expression in Papio hamadryas. SETH D. DOBSON.

37.     A study of the scaling patterns of physiological cross-sectional area of the chewing muscles in prosimians. JONATHAN M.G. PERRY, CHRISTINE E. WALL.

38.     Molar cusp formation in common chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). TANYA M. SMITH, ANTHONY J. OLEJNICZAK, LAWRENCE B. MARTIN, DONALD J. REID, M. CHRISTOPHER DEAN.

39.     Histologically determined age at first molar emergence in Pongo pygmaeus. JAY KELLEY, GARY T. SCHWARTZ.

40.     Sex differences in emergence of deciduous dentition in captive lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). ANNA BELLISARI, DANA L. DUREN, RICHARD J. SHERWOOD.

41.     Sexual dimorphism in the anthropoid os coxae. ELIZABETH M. ST CLAIR.

42.     Patterns of dimorphism of the hominoid forelimb and the relationship of phylogeny, allometry, and function with interspecific pattern similarity. LAURA K. STROIK.

43.     Sexual dimorphism and morphological integration in baboons. BRENDA FRAZIER, KRISTINA ALDRIDGE, JOAN T. RICHTSMEIER.

44.     Mid-lumbar transverse process orientation: relationships to thoracic shape and locomotion in Anthropoidea. DANIELLE F. ROYER.

45.     Variation in internal structure of distal humerus among small primates. NAOKO EGI, MASATO NAKATSUKASA, NAOMICHI OGIHARA.

46.     Comparative analysis of human and great ape proximal and subtalar ankle joints. MATTHEW G. NOWAK.

47.     Thumb reduction in colobines: Adaptation or pleiotropy? MICHAEL S. SELBY, PHILIP L. RENO, MELANIE A. MCCOLLUM, C. OWEN LOVEJOY.

48.     Phylogenetic and functional analysis of primate carpal ossification sequences: a test of two methods. TRACY L. KIVELL.

49.     Dynamic plantar pressure distribution during locomotion in bipedally trained Japanese macaques. EISHI HIRASAKI, JANDY B. HANNA, NAOMICHI OGIHARA, HIROO KUMAKURA, MASATO NAKATSUKASA.

50.     The development of muscle lever arms in primates: a longitudinal study of Cebus albifrons and Cebus apella. JESSE W. YOUNG.

51.     Growth-related hormones in great apes. ROBIN M. BERNSTEIN.

52.     Lemurs diverge in expression of a hormonal biomarker of life history. DIANE K. BROCKMAN, PATRICIA L. WHITTEN, JAMES MILLETTE.

53.     Milk composition varies in relation to maternal condition in captive rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta).  KATHERINE HINDE.

54.     Concentration of sIgA in the milk of Macaca mulatta. LAUREN A. MILLIGAN.

55.     Low birth weight and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function in infant rhesus macaques. MELANIE L. SCHWANDT, COURTNEY SHANNON, STEPHEN G. LINDELL, STEPHEN J. SUOMI, JAMES D. HIGLEY.

56.     The fetal/placental ratio in Callithrix jacchus and its relation to litter size. JULIENNE N. RUTHERFORD, DONNA G. LAYNE, SUZETTE D. TARDIF.

57.     Lemur Genital Anatomy and Clitoris Length. KATE TREATMAN-CLARK, PATRICIA WRIGHT.

58.     Eye morphology in Eulemur - evidence of cathemeral adaptation. EDWARD CHRISTOPHER KIRK.

59.     Factors influencing the biogeography of anthropoid primate community structure in Africa. JASON M. KAMILAR.


Session 28. The Human - Non-Human Primate Interface: History, Evolution and Conservation. Third Annual Wiley-Liss Symposium. Wright Ballroom.

Organizers and Chairs: Trudy R. Turner, University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee, Agustin Fuentes, University of Notre Dame, and Fred Anapol, University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee.


The human – non-human primate interface is a core component in conservation and an emerging area of relevance to biological anthropology.  Long term sympatry between human and non human primates has resulted in a complex web of behavioral, ecological, epidemiological and economic relationships. These relationships effect the long term survival of many primate species.  The tool kit of biological anthropology, including primatology, human biology, paleontology and behavioral analyses, provides an appropriate set of perspectives to assess this interface.   In this symposium we discuss aspects of these diverse relationships in the context of biological, anthropological and evolutionary approaches.  Researchers from habitat countries as well as those from the United States working with non-human primates around the world will share results of studies of humans and non-human primates living side-by-side.


8:30 am    Human-Nonhuman primate interconnections and their relevance to Biological Anthropology. AGUSTIN FUENTES.

8:45 am    Humans, baboons and vervet monkeys: exploring sympatry and synchrony for evolutionary insights. DARREN CURNOE, TRUDY TURNER, JACK COATE, KERRY SLATER.

9:00 am    Primate sanctuaries, taxonomy and survival: A case study from South Africa. PAUL J. GROBLER, MAGALI JACQUIER, HELENE DE NYS, MARY BLAIR, PATRICIA L. WHITTEN, TRUDY R. TURNER.

9:15 am    Ethnoprimatology of the rhesus monkeys of India. LINDA D. WOLFE.

9:30 am    Bi-directional pathogen transmission between humans and nonhuman primates: Implications for conservation and public health. LISA E. JONES-ENGEL, GREGORY A. ENGEL.

9:45 am    Monkey-human interactions in Thailand. NANTIYA AGGIMARANGSEE, WARREN Y. BROCKELMAN.

 10:00 am Break

10:15 am  Neotropical monkeys and Amazonian culture. LORETTA A. CORMIER.

10:30 am  Human dimensions of muriqui conservation efforts. KAREN B. STRIER, JEAN PHILIPPE BOUBLI, SERGIO L. MENDES.

10:45 am  Coexistence and exclusion between humans and monkeys in Japan: Is either really possible? DAVID S. SPRAGUE.

11:00 am  The limits of using traditional taboos for primate conservation at Boabeng-Fiema, Ghana. TANIA L. SAJ, PASCALE SICOTTE.

11:15 am  Three Primates-One Reserve: Applying a holistic approach to understand the dynamics of behavior, conservation, and disease amongst ring-tailed lemurs, Verreaux's sifaka, and humans at Beza Mahafaly Special Reserve, Madagascar. JAMES E. LOUDON, MICHELLE L. SAUTHER, KRISTA D. FISH.



Session 29. Inference of Human Population History from Genetic Variation: Bridging the Gap Between Theory and Data. Symposium. Regency Ballroom.

Organizers and Chairs: Joanna Mountain, Stanford University, and Connie J. Mulligan, University of Florida.


Successful inference of human population history from genetic variation requires that we disentangle the effects of population size, gene flow, shared ancestry, migration and population subdivision.  Spurred by the wealth of genetic data available as a result of whole genome sequencing projects, researchers have developed new analytic tools that allow us, in theory, to resolve these phenomenon to a finer degree than was previously possible.  The papers in this symposium focus on the application of both novel and existing methods to molecular genetic data in the context of reconstructing various events and processes of human evolution.  Given the growing number of pertinent datasets, the extent to which different genomes or chromosomes reveal sex-biased distinctions in human population history is of particular importance.  The overall goal of the symposium is to bridge the gap between general theories or methods and specific anthropological genetic datasets or hypotheses.


8:00 am    Models for predicting patterns of X-chromosomal genetic variation from autosomal variation. NOAH A. ROSENBERG, SOHINI RAMACHANDRAN, LEV A. ZHIVOTOVSKY, MARCUS W. FELDMAN.

8:15 am    Comparing male and female demographic histories using autosomal and X-chromosomal microsatellites. SOHINI RAMACHANDRAN.

8:30 am    Methods for inferring population size change from genetic data. STEPHEN WOODING.

8:45 am    Population expansions in South Indian caste and tribal populations: inferences from genetic data. LYNN B. JORDE, STEPHEN P. WOODING, MICHAEL BAMSHAD, W. SCOTT WATKINS, B.V.R. PRASAD.

9:00 am    Demographic history of African populations inferred from mtDNA analysis. SARAH TISHKOFF, MARY K. GONDER, HOLLY MORTENSEN, JIBRIL HIRBO, ALEXANDRA DE SOUSA, TRINI MIGUEL, FLOYD REED.

9:15 am    Demographic and selective history of African populations inferred from genome wide genetic markers. FLOYD A. REED, SARAH A. TISHKOFF.

9:30 am    Break

9:45 am    Testing models of ancient admixture using sequence polymorphism data. JEFFREY D. WALL.

10:00 am  Sequence data from the autosomes and X chromosome: Evidence for ancient admixture in the history of H. sapiens? MICHAEL HAMMER, DANIEL GARRIGAN, JASON WILDER, ZAHRA MOBASHER, TESA SEVERSON, SARAH KINGAN.

10:15 am  History of modern human population structure inferred from the worldwide survey on Xp11.22 sequences. MAKOTO K. SHIMADA, JODY HEY.

10:30 am  Assessing complex demographic models of human history. JODY HEY.


11:00 am  Inference of population history from DNA haplogroup frequencies using computer simulation modeling. GRACIELA S. CABANA, CECIL M. LEWIS, ANNE C. STONE.

11:15 am  Predictions of isolation by distance and alternatives for human gene geography. JEFFREY C. LONG, KEITH HUNLEY.

11:30 am  Rejection of isolation by distance for human gene geography and suggested alternatives. KEITH L. HUNLEY, J.C. LONG.



Session 30. Primate Evolution II. Contributed Papers. Crystal Ballroom.

Chair: WILLIAM L. JUNGERS, Stony Brook University School of Medicine.


8:00 am    A re-analysis of activity pattern in Teilhardina asiatica and the evolution of activity pattern in early primates. CHRISTOPHER P. HEESY, CALLUM F. ROSS.

8:15 am    Three newly discovered skulls of Homunculus patagonicus support its position as a stem platyrrhine and establish its diurnal arboreal folivorous habits. RICHARD F. KAY, SERGIO VIZCAINO, ADÁN TAUBER, M. SUSANA BARGO, BLYTHE A. WILLIAMS, CARLOS LUNA, MATT W. COLBERT.

8:30 am    The paleobiology of Pachylemur. NATALIE VASEY, LAURIE R. GODFREY, VENTURA R. PEREZ.

8:45 am    New body mass estimates for extinct Malagasy lemurs based on long-bone geometry. WILLIAM L. JUNGERS, B. DEMES, KRISTIN S. LAMM.

9:00 am    A new small-bodied ape from the middle Miocene Ngorora Formation, Tugen Hills, Kenya. JAMES B. ROSSIE, ANDREW HILL.

9:15 am    Craniofacial growth and development in Parapapio and other Plio-Pleistocene southern African cercopithecines. FRANK L. WILLIAMS, REBECCA R. ACKERMANN, STEVE R. LEIGH.

9:30 am    A reevaluation of the phylogenetic utility of incisor heteromorphy. VARSHA C. PILBROW.

9:45 am    Break

10:00 am  New evidence for dietary function in Afropithecus turkanensis canines: An application of high resolution polynomial curve fitting (HR-PCF) to canine curvature. ANDREW S. DEANE.

10:15 am  Interpreting hallucal prehensility from cuboid morphology in Hominoid primates. BIREN A. PATEL.

10:30 am  Are Paranthropus crania only scaled variants of gracile Australopithecines? PHILIPP GUNZ, PHILIPP MITTEROECKER, SIMON NEUBAUER, FRED L BOOKSTEIN, GERHARD W. WEBER.

10:45 am  Multivariate analysis of the axillary border of the scapula in juveniles. AMANDA M. BUSBY, JAMES DEGNAN.

11:00 am  Morphology and keeling of the trochlear notch articular surface in extant and fossil hominoids. MICHELLE S. DRAPEAU.

11:15 am  Introducing a new three-dimensional technique (curve matching) to study of the midfacial region in European Mid-Upper Pleistocene hominids. HAMED VAHDATINASAB, DONALD CARL JOHANSON, GEOFFREY ANDERSON CLARK, WILLIAM H. KIMBEL, PUSHPAK KARNICK..

11:30 am  Pleiotropic relationships between ossicular and mandibular robusticity. MARK N. COLEMAN.

 11:45 am Examining affinities of the Taung cranium based on morphometric ontogenetic simulation. KIERAN P. MCNULTY, STEVE R. FROST, DAVID S. STRAIT.


Session 31. Skeletal Biology IV. Contributed Papers. Walker Room.

Chair: BENEDIKT HALLGRIMSSON, University of Calgary.



8:15 am    Little mice and the developmental basis for craniofacial allometry. BENEDIKT HALLGRIMSSON.

8:30 am    In vitro strain of monkey facial sutures. QIAN WANG, PAUL C. DECHOW, DAVID STRAIT, CALLUM ROSS, BRIAN RICHMOND, MARK SPENCER.

 8:45 am   Three-dimensional analysis on the variation in maxillary sinus anatomy among platyrrhine monkeys. TAKESHI NISHIMURA, MASANARU TAKAI, TAKEHISA TSUBAMOTO, NAOKO EGI, NOBUO SHIGEHARA.

9:00 am    Vertebral body bone mineral density decreases as a function of body weight in strepsirhine primates. JEREMY M. DESILVA, LAURA MACLATCHY, MARY BOUXSEIN, ROBERT FAJARDO.

9:15 am    Comparative analysis of murine metatarsal ossification and implications for differential skeletal growth in primates. PHILIP L. RENO, DENISE L. MCBURNEY, C. OWEN LOVEJOY, WALTER E. HORTON, JR.

9:30 am    Break

9:45 am    On the classification of abnormal head shape: interpreting artificial cranial deformation and craniosynostosis. TYLER G. O'BRIEN, KELLEN P. SENSOR.

10:00 am  Artificial cranial deformation in the prehistoric lower Mississippi river valley. STEVEN N. BYERS.

10:15 am  Diets and sutures: does dietary consistency influence sutural complexity? JENNIFER L. HOTZMAN.

10:30 am  Carpal coalition: Identification and population variation. SCOTT E. BURNETT, D. TROY CASE.

10:45 am  Tarsal coalition: Identification and population variation. DANIEL T. CASE, SCOTT E. BURNETT.

11:00 am  Spondylolysis patterning in two native Alaskan skeletal collections. SCOTT S. LEGGE.

11:15 am  Out of joint: what patterns of osteoarthritis might tell us about activity. ELIZABETH WEISS, ROBERT JURMAIN.

11:30 am  Estradiol, estrogen receptor alpha, and osteogenic responses to mechanical loading. MAUREEN J. DEVLIN, DANIEL E. LIEBERMAN, BJORN R. OLSEN, NAOMI FUKAI.

11:45 am  Biodistance, regional gene flow and the ossuary tradition on the Late Woodland (AD 800-1650) North Carolina coast. ANN M. KAKALIOURAS.


Saturday Afternoon – April 9, 2004


Session 32. Human Biology III. Contributed Posters. Empire Ballroom.

Chair: BENJAMIN CAMPBELL, Boston University.


1:00 – 1:30 pm             Poster set-up.

1:30 – 3:00 pm             Authors of even-numbered posters present for questions.

3:30 – 5:00 pm             Authors of odd-numbered posters present for questions.

5:00 – 5:30 pm             Poster take-down.


1.         Human infant sleep locations as determined by primiparous adolescent and adult mothers. KRISTIN P. KLINGAMAN, LANE E. VOLPE, JAMES J. MCKENNA.

2.         Body orientations, sleep positions, and breast feeding behavior amongst solitary and co-sleeping (bedsharing) human mother-infant pairs: mutual physiological regulatory effects. THEODORE BROWN, KRISTIN P. KLINGAMAN, DANIEL STEVENSON, JAMES J. MCKENNA.

3.         Patterns of mother-infant vocal interactions during nighttime routines: implications for child development. JOHN P. ROWLANDS, WILLOW A. WETHERALL, LANE E. VOLPE, JAMES J. MCKENNA.

4.         Beyond the weanling’s dilemma: Feeding patterns as a predictor of infant. ELIZABETH A. QUINN, ANDREA CATALANO, MICHELLE L. LAMPL.

5.         Noninvasive methods for steroid measurement during infancy. AMANDA L. THOMPSON, MICHELLE LAMPL, JAMES B. MILLETTE, PATRICIA L. WHITTEN.

6.         Development technology increases birth rate and childhood malnutrition in rural Ethiopia. MHAIRI A. GIBSON, RUTH MACE.

7.         Child anthropometry and cultural variation in four Mayan refugee communities. JENNIFER SOIKA, BAGLINI LINDSAY, FAITH WARNER.

8.         A longitudinal analysis of adolescent long bone growth. SHELLEY L. SMITH, PETER H. BUSCHANG.

9.          Variation in the development of postcranial robusticity: an example from Çatalhöyük, Turkey. LIBBY W. COWGILL, LORI D. HAGER.

10.      Age Related Changes in Body Composition and Physical Function among Ariaal Males. BENJAMIN CAMPBELL, PETER GRAY.

11.      Heritability of appendicular skeletal muscle mass in healthy adults. STEFAN A. CZERWINSKI, AUDREY C. CHOH, MIRYOUNG LEE, ELLEN W. DEMERATH, BRADFORD TOWNE, ROGER M. SIERVOGEL.

12.      The effects of the Civil War on the health of the United States population: evidence from secular trends in stature. DANIEL J. TYREE.

13.      Sex differences in the effect of managerial positions on blood pressure in Hawaii hotel workers. DANIEL E. BROWN, GARY D. JAMES, LYNN A. MORRISON, ANGELA REZA, NICOLA M. NICOLAISEN.

14.      Features of metabolic syndrome in premenopausal women in the UK: immigrants from Pakistan compared to Pakistani and European-origin women born in the UK. TESSA M. POLLARD, NIGEL UNWIN, COLIN FISCHBACHER, JAGDIP K. CHAMLEY.

15.      The relationship between a quantitative measure of facial harmony and subjective measures of facial attractiveness. PAUL L. JAMISON, RICHARD E. WARD, LESLIE G. FARKAS.

16.      Total energy expenditure in the Yakut (Sakha) of Siberia as determined by the doubly labeled water technique. JAMES J. SNODGRASS, WILLIAM R. LEONARD, LARISSA A. TARSKAIA, V.P. ALEKSEEV, VADIM G. KRIVOSHAPKIN, DALE A. SCHOELLER.

17.      Assessment of factors affecting BMR in humans and chimpanzees, and derivation of new predictive equations. ANDREW W. FROEHLE, MARGARET J. SCHOENINGER.

18.      Human variation in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology. SARA STINSON.

19.      A test of the Grandmother Hypothesis using genealogical data in Costa Rica. LORENA MADRIGAL, MAURICIO MELENDEZ-OBANDO, RAMÓN A. VILLEGAS-PALMA.

20.      The effect of breastfeeding intensity on bone mineral density. KAREN L. PEARCE.

21.       Changes in breastfeeding practices among migrant Bangladeshi women in London. ALEJANDRA NUNEZ DE LA MORA, DORA NAPOLITANO, OSUL CHOUDHURY, GILLIAN R. BENTLEY.

22.      Variation in diurnal electrolyte excretion over the menstrual cycle. GARY D. JAMES.

23.      Preliminary examination of skeletal remains excavated between 1999 and 2004 at Gz 4, an early medieval cemetery site in Giecz, Poland. HEDY M. JUSTUS, AMANDA M. AGNEW.

24.      Stature at the site of Hierakonpolis compared with earlier and later periods. ALI M. KHWAILEH.

25.      Little Deaths: Infant and child mortality from a late 19th century poorhouse cemetery. SEAN P. DOUGHERTY, JESSICA ZOTCAVAGE, COLLEEN MILLIGAN, JULIANNE IVANY, ARTI MANN, NORMAN SULLIVAN.

26.      Subadult skeletal growth at Hierakonpolis, a working-class cemetery of predynastic Egypt. ERNEST K. BATEY, III.

27.      Spatial and temporal dynamics of respiratory disease in Orkney, Scotland 1855-1940. COREY S. SPARKS, NICOLE M. GOODWINE, NITA BHARTI, JAMES W. WOOD.

28.      Reading between the lines, an assessment of stress from HK-43 tibiae. ANDREW J. WARD.

29.      Proximal limb muscle attachments and work levels of a Predynastic Egyptian population. MELISSA ZABECKI.

30.      Relationships between health, burial, and social structure at Úcupe (Zaña River Valley): A new perspective on the Chimú of ancient Northern Coastal Peru. HAAGEN D. KLAUS, CARLOS WESTER.

31.      Stable isotope analysis of diet in a Byzantine monastic community. MELISSA K. REGAN, LESLEY A. GREGORICKA JAIME ULLINGER, MARK SCHURR,  SUSAN GUISE SHERIDAN.


Session 33. Primate Craniofacial Function and Biology: Symposium in Honor of William L. Hylander. Symposium. Crystal Ballroom.

Organizers and Chairs: MATTHEW J. RAVOSA, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, CHRISTOPHER J. VINYARD, Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine, CHRISTINE E. WALL, Duke University.


In a mature discipline like biological anthropology, significant advances and arguably most paradigm shifts are likely to be derived via several routes:  new fossil finds which compel us to revise our notions regarding the adaptive significance of pronounced morphological transformations; the advent of innovative techniques to address seemingly intractable problems; and the application of analyses which synthesize and integrate evidence concerning outstanding issues.  Over a 30-year research career, it is these last two categories in which Prof. William L. Hylander has radically revised and expanded our understanding of the evolution of the skull and masticatory apparatus in human and non-human primates.  In honor of William Hylander’s distinguished, life-long contribution to bioanthropology, we present the following symposium surveying recent developments in primate craniofacial function and biology.  We have selected experts in the fields of primatology and mammalogy, all of whom have collaborated directly with Bill and have benefited from his mentoring and scholarship. 


1:00 pm    Facial development in marsupials: Functional requirements and developmental constraints. KATHLEEN K. SMITH.

1:15 pm    Biomechanics of the fused mandibular symphysis in placental and marsupial herbivores. ALFRED W. CROMPTON, DANIEL E. LIEBERMAN.

1:30 pm    In vivo data provide insights into alternative explanations of symphyseal fusion in mammals: The case of the selenodont artiodactyls. SUSAN H. WILLIAMS, CHRISTINE E. WALL, CHRISTOPHER J. VINYARD, WILLIAM L. HYLANDER.

1:45 pm    Relationship between three dimensional microstructure and elastic properties of cortical bone in the human mandible and femur. PAUL C. DECHOW.

2:00 pm    Understanding the mechanical effects of dental alveoli. DAVID J. DAEGLING, RUXANDRA MARINESCU, JENNIFER L. HOTZMAN, ANDREW J. RAPOFF.

2:15 pm    What else is the tall mandibular ramus in A. boisei good for? YOEL RAK.

2:30 pm    A critical biological function: mastication and the evolution of Homo. SUSAN C. ANTÓN.

2:45 pm    Break

3:00 pm    Mechanical loading and functional adaptation in the masticatory apparatus. STUART STOCK, MATTHEW J. RAVOSA, RAVI KUNWAR, EUGENE P. LAUTENSCHLAGER, SHARON STACK.

3:15 pm    Are jaw-muscle activity patterns correlated with masticatory apparatus morphology among primate species? KIRK R. JOHNSON, CHRISTINE E. WALL, SUSAN H. WILLIAMS, WILLIAM L. HYLANDER, CHRISTOPHER J. VINYARD.

3:30 pm    Comparative muscle activity and temporomandibular joint loading in strepsirrhine and haplorhine primates. MARK A. SPENCER, CALLUM F. ROSS.

3:45 pm    Myosin expression, muscle function and craniofacial form. DAVID S. CARLSON.

4:00 pm    Functional heterogeneity of the temporalis muscle of male and female baboons. CHRISTINE E. WALL, CHRISTOPHER J. VINYARD, KIRK R. JOHNSON, SUSAN H. WILLIAMS, WILLIAM L. HYLANDER.

4:15 pm    Primate chewing kinetics: How do primates chew harder? CALLUM F. ROSS.

4:30 pm    A preliminary analysis of occlusal events during mastication in baboons employing an intra-molar force transducer. WILLIAM L. HYLANDER, KIRK R. JOHNSON.

4:45 pm    Discussion. MATT CARTMILL, RICHARD F. KAY.



Session 34. Molecular and Population Genetics III. Contributed Papers. Walker Room.

Chair: LORI E. BAKER, Baylor University.


1:00 pm    Matrilineal affinities and mortuary ritual: the 'Lokomotiv' cemetery from Neolithic Siberia. KAREN P. MOODER, THEODORE G. SCHURR, FIONA J. BAMFORTH, VLADIMIR I. BAZALIISKI.

1:15 pm    Mitochondrial DNA analysis of dental remains from two Honduran ossuary caves. LORI E. BAKER, NICHOLAS P. HERRMANN.

1:30 pm    Population structure in sub-Saharan Africans based on mitochondrial, Y chromosomal and X chromosomal DNA sequences. MAYA METNI PILKINGTON, MICHAEL F. HAMMER.

1:45 pm    Strain analysis and prevalence of tuberculosis in ancient North America; Evidence from the Schild Mississippian cemetery. JENNIFER A. RAFF, DELLA C. COOK, FREDERIKA A. KAESTLE.

2:00 pm    Improved method for genetic sexing of ancient humans. FREDERIKA A. KAESTLE, JENNIFER A. RAFF, ALISON M. FRENCH.

2:15 pm    The relationship between bone condition and DNA preservation. KRISTA E. LATHAM, MARY K. RITKE, STEPHEN P. NAWROCKI.

2:30 pm    Ethnic and biological identity in New Kingdom Nubia. MICHELE R. BUZON.

2:45 pm    Break

3:00 pm    Sex chromosomal markers suitable for non-invasive studies of guenon hybridization. ANTHONY J. TOSI.

3:15 pm    Genomic data support the hominoid slowdown and an Early Oligocene estimate for the hominoid-cercopithecoid divergence. MICHAEL E. STEIPER, NATHAN M. YOUNG, TIKA SUKARNA.

3:30 pm    MtDNA variation in North, East, and Central African populations gives clues to a possible back-migration from the Middle East. ANNE D. HOLDEN, PETER FORSTER.

 3:45 pm   Analysis of mtDNA haplogroup monomorphism in a sample of a Native American population combining modern and ancient DNA research. ELIZABETH E. MARCHANI, DENNIS H. O'ROURKE, ALAN R. ROGERS.

4:00 pm    Mitochondrial DNA sequence evidence for a deep phylogenetic split in chacma baboons (Papio hamadryas ursinus) and the phylogeographic implications for Papio systematics. PAUL L. BABB, RIASHNA SITHALDEEN, REBECCA ROGERS ACKERMANN, TIMOTHY K. NEWMAN.

4:15 pm    Molecular systematics of the lar group of gibbons (Hylobates). DANIELLE J. WHITTAKER, JUAN CARLOS MORALES, DON J. MELNICK.

4:30 pm    Identfying ape nests using molecular genetic techniques. JESSICA A. SATKOSKI, JEF DUPAIN, DON J. MELNICK.

4:45 pm    Gene flow and the Andes: tests of migration at the archaeological site of Chen Chen. CECIL M. LEWIS, JANE E. BUIKSTRA, ANNE C. STONE.

Session 35. Primate Behavior IV. Contributed Papers. Wright Ballroom.

Chair: WILLIAM C. MCGREW, Miami University (Ohio).


1:00 pm    Ovarian hormones and reproductive development in wild female chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii). MELISSA EMERY THOMPSON.


1:30 pm    Female sexual and social preferences in wild West African chimpanzees: One and the same? REBECCA M. STUMPF, DIANE DORAN, CHRISTOPHE BOESCH.

1:45 pm    The effects of aging on reproductive cycles in female chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) at the Primate Foundation of Arizona. JO FRITZ, ELAINE N. VIDEAN, JAMES MURPHY.

2:00 pm    Role modeling and the ontogeny of male chimpanzee behavior. HOGAN M. SHERROW.

2:15 pm    Sex-differential rearing effects in Pan troglodytes. STEPHANIE L. MEREDITH, JO FRITZ.

2:45 pm    Male-female social relationships in mountain gorillas. TARA S. STOINSKI, STACY ROSENBAUM, KATHRYN FAWCETT, H. DIETER STEKLIS.

3:00 pm    Related dyads of females are common in western gorilla groups despite routine female dispersal. BRENDA J. BRADLEY, DIANE DORAN-SHEEHY, CHRISTOPHE BOESCH, LINDA VIGILANT.

3:15 pm    Agonistic relationships in female western gorillas at Mondika. DIANE M. DORAN-SHEEHY, JESSICA LODWICK.

3:30 pm    Male dominance relationships and intra-tree feeding heights in Kanyawara chimpanzees. SONYA M. KAHLENBERG, RICHARD W. WRANGHAM.

3:45 pm    Lethal intergroup coalitionary aggression by chimpanzees at Ngogo, Kibale National Park, Uganda. DAVID P. WATTS.

4:00 pm    Mahale and Gombe compared: patterns of research on wild chimpanzees over four decades. WILLIAM C. MCGREW.

4:15 pm    Cave use by wild savanna chimpanzees in Senegal: Behavioral adaptation to heat stress? JILL D. PRUETZ.

4:30 pm    Manual laterality in ant fishing by wild chimpanzees of Mahale Mountains National Park, Tanzania. LINDA F. MARCHANT, WILLIAM C. MCGREW.

 4:45 pm   Termite de jour: termite fishing by West African chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) at Fongoli, Senegal. STEPHANIE L. BOGART, JILL D. PRUETZ, WILLIAM C. MCGREW.


Session 36. Primate Biological Variation II. Contributed Papers. Regency Ballroom.

Chair: CLIFFORD J. JOLLY, New York University (NYCEP).


1:00 pm    Methods for assessing primate growth and development with attention to sex differences. DEBRA R. BOLTER, ADRIENNE L. ZIHLMAN.

1:15 pm    Congruence between canalization and developmental stability in Macaca mulatta crania. KATHERINE E. WILLMORE, CHRISTIAN P. KLINGENBERG, BENEDIKT HALLGRIMSSON.

1:30 pm    What it means morphologically to be a hybrid: evidence from known-pedigree baboons. REBECCA R. ACKERMANN, JEFF ROGERS, JAMES M. CHEVERUD.

1:45 pm    Cutting corners: The dynamics of lemur turning behavior. BRIGITTE DEMES, KRISTIAN J. CARLSON, THERESA M. FRANZ.

2:00 pm    A sensory division of labor: sex differences in lingual fungiform papillae and the evolution of primate taste perception. LAURA ALPORT.

2:15 pm    Mesio-distal and angular obliquity in studies of dental sections. ANTHONY J. OLEJNICZAK.

2:30 pm    Eye on haplorhine orbits. RUSSELL T. HOGG, ALFRED R. ROSENBERGER, SAI MAN WONG.

2:45 pm    Break

3:00 pm    Vertical climbing energetics in two prosimian primates. JANDY B. HANNA.

3:15 pm    Body size dimorphism: do not correct for size. ADAM D. GORDON.

3:30 pm    Scaling of reduced physiologic cross-sectional area in primate masticatory muscles. NAZIMA SHAHNOOR, FRED ANAPOL, CALLUM ROSS.

3:45 pm    Primate ancestral body mass revisited. CHRISTOPHE SOLIGO, ROBERT D. MARTIN.

4:00 pm    Tooth loss in wild ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta): a function of life history, behavior, and feeding ecology. FRANK P. CUOZZO, MICHELLE L. SAUTHER.

4:15 pm    Phyletic valence of craniofacial traits: clues from quantitative genetics. RICHARD J. SHERWOOD, DANA L. DUREN, JOHN BLANGERO, BRADFORD TOWNE.

4:30 pm    White babies and the zone of contact and probable intergradation among three distinct baboon allotaxa in the Luangwa valley, Zambia. CLIFFORD J. JOLLY, JANE E. PHILLIPS-CONROY.

4:45 pm    Trabecular bone structure in a bipedally trained macaque. BRIAN G. RICHMOND, MASATO NAKATSUKASA, NICOLE L. GRIFFIN, NAOMICHI OGIHARA, RICHARD A. KETCHAM.


Author/Session Index


Decimal numbers represent poster numbers within a poster session (e.g., “8.56” is poster number 56 within Poster Session 6).  Brackets represent time on a 24 hour clock within a podium session (e.g., “35[16:45]” is a paper at 4:45 pm within Podium Session 35).  A number followed by a “C” indicates a chair for a session, while a number followed by a “D” indicates a discussant for a session.




Abbott, Susan, 1.10

Ackermann, Rebecca R., 16[8:15], 30[9:15], 34[16:00], 36[13:30]

Adams, Justin W., 1.23

Adamson, Sarah K., 8.27

Aggimarangsee, Nantiya, 28[9:45]

Agnew, Amanda M., 32.24

Agrawal, Kalpana R., 9[15:30]

Aguiar, John M., 19.33

Ahern, James C.M., 1.38, 1.48

Aiello, Leslie, 1.3

Akey, Josh, 16[9:45]

Akins, Nancy J., 21.43

Albert, A. Midori, 13.29

Aldridge, Kristina, 17[11:30], 27.43

Alekseev, V.P., 22[16:30], 32.16

Allen, John S., 27.23

Allen, Kari L., 7.9

Alport, Laura, 36[14:00]

Alvarez, Christine E., 13.7

Anapol, Fred, 19.32, 28D, 36[15:30],

Anemone, Robert, 1.16

Antoine, Daniel M., 3[8:00]

Antón, Susan C., 33[14:30]

Anzenberger, Gustl, 19.27

Apraiz, Arantza G., 7.11

Araripe, Juliana, 19.23

Arnaiz-Villena, Antonio, 7.19

Arnedo, Luisa F., 8.33

Aronsen, Gary P., 23C, 23[14:15]

Arrigo-Nelson, Summer J., 23[14:30], 8.48, 23[15:30]

Arsuaga, Juan Luis, 1.42, 6[8:00], 6[8:15], 6[8:30], 6[8:45], 15[11:15]

Auerbach, Benjamin M., 13.33, 13.34

Austin, Samuel, 12[16:30]

Avants, Brian, 4[10:45]




Baba, Hisao, 1.57, 1.59, 1.58

Babb, Paul L., 8.56, 16[8:15], 34[16:00]

Baden, Andrea L., 8.48

Bailey, Shara E., 9[15:45]

Baker Bontrager, Amanda, 20.5

Baker, Lori E., 34C, 34[13:15]

Bamforth, Fiona J., 34[13:00]

Bamshad, Michael, 29[8:45]

Barash, Alon, 24[15:30]

Bargo, M. Susana, 30[8:15]

Barks, Sarah K., 4[9:45], 4[10:00]

Barrickman, Nancy L., 27.26

Bartelink, Eric J., 12[13:30]

Bastarrachea, Raul A., 22[16:00]

Batey III, Ernest K., 32.27

Bauer, Cassondra A., 1.30

Bauer, Miroslav, 7.20

Bauer, Renee N., 8.50

Bauerová, Mária, 7.20, 13.58

Bausserman, Linda, 22[17:00]

Bazaliiski, Vladimir I., 34[13:00]

Beall, Cynthia M., 17[8:00], 25[16:30]

Bebus, Sara, 35[13:15]

Becker, Michelle L., 2[8:00]

Begun, David R., 1.11, 1.20

Bellisari, Anna, 27.40

Benefit, Brenda R., 1.15

Benn Torres, Jada P., 16[8:30]

Bentley, Gillian R., 32.22

Benyshek, Daniel C., 17[9:15]

Bergstrom, Torbjorn S., 3[8:45]

Berillon, Gilles, 15[8:00]

Berker, Ina, 8.42

Berkhoudt, Karin, 8.61

Bernal, J., 7.18

Bernardi, Jose A.R., 19.23

Berner, Margit, 1.54, 6[11:30]

Bernhard, Markus, 3[8:15]

Bernstein, Robin M., 27.51

Bettis III, A., 1.40

Betz, Austin E., 1.33

Bezanson, Michelle, 8.28

Bharti, Nita, 32.28

Bhatnagar, Kunwar P., 2[9:30]

Bigham, Abigail W., 7.1

Bjorklund, David, 27.27

Blackwell, Bonnie, 1.47

Blair, Mary, 28[9:00]

Blake, Kathleen A., 13.3, 13.14

Blanco, Marina B., 24[14:00]

Blangero, John, 16[11:15], 36[16:15]

Blomquist, Gregory, 19.27

Blumenfeld, Jodi, 1.36

Blurton-Jones, Nicholas, 16[9:00]

Boesch, Christophe, 27.35, 35[13:30], 35[15:00]

Bogart, Stephanie L., 35[16:45]

Boinski, Sue, 8.35

Bolnick, Deborah A., 7.17

Bolter, Debra R., 36[13:00]

Bondioli, Luca, 1.37, 9[16:15], 15[11:30], 24[17:15], 26.13

Bonilla, Carolina, 16[9:45]

Bonmati, Alejandro, 1.42

Bookstein, Fred L., 3[8:15], 4[11:30], 6[10:15], 17[8:15], 24[16:45], 25[14:30], 30[11:15]

Borries, Carola, 11[14:00]

Boubli, Jean Philippe, 8.33, 28[10:30]

Bouxsein, Mary, 31[9:00]

Bowers, Evelyn J., 25[14:00]

Boyer, Bert B., 22[16:15]

Brace, C. Loring, 12[16:30], 14D, 14[8:15]

Bradley, Brenda J., 35[15:00]

Bravin, Alberto, 24[17:15]

Bremner, J. Douglas, 4[10:00]

Brenton, Barrett P., 12[13:45]

Briceño, Ignacio, 7.18

Brickley, Megan B., 12C, 12[14:00]

Brinkworth, Jessica F., 17[9:30]

Broadfield, Douglas, 1.32, 4[11:00], 4[11:15], 27.27

Brockelman, Warren Y., 28[9:45]

Brockman, Diane K., 27.52

Bromage, Timothy G., 13.50

Brophy, Juliet K., 1.24

Brown, Christopher A., 3[8:45]

Brown, Daniel E., 32.13

Brown, Jevon J.Y., 31[8:00]

Brown, Kaye, 14D, 14[11:00]

Brown, Theodore, 32.2

Brugger, Peter, 4[11:30]

Bruss, Joel, 27.23

Bruzek, Jaroslav, 1.46, 1.53

Buchner, Sean, 12[13:00]

Buck, Trudi J., 6[11:45]

Buikstra, Jane E., 5[11:00], 34[16:45]

Burnett, Scott E., 31[10:30], 31[10:45]

Burney, David A., 1.14

Burrell, Andrew S., 7.7, 16[8:45]

Burrows, Anne M., 2C, 2D, 2[8:15], 2[9:30]

Busby, Amanda M., 30[10:45]

Buschang, Peter H., 32.8

Buxhoeveden, Daniel P., 27.25

Buzon, Michele R., 34[14:30]

Byers, Steven N., 31[10:00]

Bytheway, Joan, 13.25




Cabana, Graciela S., 29[10:45], 29[11:00]

Califf, Joseph R., 1.39

Cameron, Noel, 22[15:30]

Campbell, Benjamin, 32C, 32.10

Campbell, Christina J., 16[11:00]

Carlson, David S., 33[15:45]

Carlson, Kristian J., 23[17:45], 36[13:45]

Carretero, Jose Miguel, 6[8:00], 6[8:15], 6[8:45]

Carson, E. Ann, 7.4

Carter, Melinda L., 20.8

Cartmill, Erica A., 24[15:15]

Cartmill, Matt, 14D, 14[11:00], 24[15:15], 33D

Case, D. Troy, 13.24, 31[10:30]

Case, Daniel T., 31[10:45]

Caspari, Rachel, 6[10:00]

Castel, Jean-Christophe, 1.47

Castro, Maria Jose, 7.19

Caswell, Hal, 23[15:00]

Catalano, Andrea, 32.4

Cerling, Thure E., 3[8:30]

Chakraborty, Bandana M., 22[14:30]

Chakraborty, Ranajit, 16[11:45], 22[14:30]

Chamley, Jagdip K., 32.14

Chang, Melanie L., 6[10:30]

Cheverud, James M., 19.34, 36[13:30]

Cheyney, Melissa J., 24[15:45]

Childs, Geoff, 8.45

Choh, Audrey C., 22[15:00], 22[14:45], 32.11

Choudhury, Osul, 32.22

Christensen, Angi M., 13.47

Ciochon, R., 1C, 1.40

Clark, Geoffrey Anderson, 30[10:30]

Clarke, Margaret R., 8.31

Clement, John G., 5[10:15]

Clifford, Stephen L., 16[8:45]

Coate, Jack, 28[8:45]

Cohen, Justin, 23[16:45]

Cohn, Barbara A., 25[14:15]

Colbert, Matt W., 24[14:30], 30[8:15]

Cole III, Theodore M., 10[14:30]

Cole, Shelley A., 16[11:15]

Coleman, Mark N., 30[11:30]

Collard, Mark, 1.3

Coltrain, Joan B., 3[8:30]

Connell, Brian, 12[15:15]

Constantino, Paul J., 1.10

Cook, Della C., 20.3, 34[13:45]

Cooper, Alan, 6[11:45]

Cooper, David M.L., 5[10:15], 5[10:45]

Copes, Lynn, 6[9:30]

Coppa, Alfredo, 15[11:30], 26.13

Cordero, Robin M., 17[10:15], 17[11:15]

Cords, Marina, 11[15:45]

Cormier, Loretta A., 28[10:15]

Corso, Dawn M., 13.45

Couchoud, Isabelle, 1.47

Covert, Herbert H., 8.38, 8.40, 8.41, 8.42

Cowgill, Libby W., 32.9

Cox, Laura A., 7.5

Cox, Lauren D., 11[16:00]

Crawford, Michael H., 7.11, 7.13, 7.18

Crompton, Alfred W., 33[13:15]

Cross, Alan, 1.28

Cubrilo-Turek, Mirjana, 22[16:45]

Cunningham, Deborah L., 10[14:30]

Cuozzo, Frank P., 1.13, 1.14, 8.44, 36[16:00]

Cupples, L.A., 16[8:30]

Curnoe, Darren, 28[8:45]

Curtin, A. Joanne, 20.9

Cutright-Smith, Elizabeth, 15[10:00]

Czerwinski, Stefan A., 22[14:45], 22[15:00], 32.11




Daegling, David J., 33[14:00]

Damasio, Hanna, 27.23

Daneshvari, Shamsi R., 5[9:30]

Davidhizer, Amy L., 13.14

Davis, Candace A., 1.18

Davis, Lesa C., 19C, 19.30, 19.35

Day, Sabine, 23[14:00]

De Nys, Helene, 28[9:00]

de Sousa, Alexandra , 29[9:00]

Dean, M. Christopher, 9[14:00], 27.38

Deane, Andrew S., 1.11, 30[10:00]

DeCaprio, Anthony, 25[15:30]

Dechow, Paul C., 31[8:30], 33[13:45]

deFelice, Leisa, 1.49

Degnan, James, 30[10:45]

Deka, Ranjan, 7.11, 22[16:45]

DeLeon, Valerie B., 17[11:30]

Delezene, Lucas K., 1.9

Deloison, Yvette, 15[8:00]

DelPero, Massimiliano, 2[11:15]

Demerath, Ellen W., 25[14:15], 22[14:45], 22[15:00], 32.11

Demes, Brigitte, 1.33, 23[17:45], 30[8:45], 36[13:45]

Denham, Melinda, 25[15:30]

Dennis, John C., 2[9:30]

Derevianko, Andre, 15[11:45]

DeSilva, Jeremy M., 31[9:00]

Deter, Chris A., 26.9

Devlin, Joanne, 20.10

Devlin, Maureen J., 5[10:45], 31[11:30]

Devore, Eric, 7.18

DeVries, Bert, 13.44

Dewar, Robert E., 23[15:00]

Di Fiore, Anthony, 7.6

Dibble, Harold L., 1.47

Digby, Leslie J., 19.29

Disotell, Todd R., 16[8:45]

Dobisikova, Miluse, 13.12

Dobson, Seth D., 27.36

Dominy, Nathaniel J., 4[9:30]

Doran-Sheehy, Diane M., 35[13:30], 35[15:00], 35[15:15]

Dougherty, Sean P., 13.4, 32.26

Douglas, Jason A., 8.58, 8.60

Drapeau, Michelle S., 30[11:00]

Dudar, J. Christopher, 13.16

Dulik, Matt, 7.15

Dumont, Georges, 15[8:00]

Duncan, Andrea E., 8.43

Dunham, Amy E., 23[14:30]

Dupain, Jef, 34[16:30]

Durband, Arthur C., 6[10:45]

Duren, Dana L., 16[11:15], 27.40, 36[16:15]

Dyer, Tom D., 16[8:30], 16[11:15]




Eaves-Johnson, K. Lindsay, 6[9:15]

Eckhardt, Robert B., 1.8, 1.45

Edgar, Heather J.H., 3C, 26.3

Egi, Naoko, 27.45, 31[8:45]

Ehmke, Erin E., 8.35

Elder, Alice A., 1.43

Ellison, Peter T., 25[14:15]

Elston, Robert C., 17[8:00]

Emery Thompson, Melissa, 35[13:00]

Endicott, Phillip, 6[11:45]

Eng, Carolyn M., 19.32

Engel, Gregory A., 28[9:30]

Erb, Wendy M., 8.47

Ericson, Kristin E., 15[8:30]

Estrada, Alejandro, 8.30, 11[13:30]




Fabiš, Marian, 7.20, 13.58

Fajardo, Roberto J., 24[14:30], 31[9:00]

Falk, Dean, 4[11:45]

Falys, Ceri G., 5[8:15], 13.26

Farkas, Leslie G., 32.15

Faulkner, Andrea L., 23[16:15]

Favret, Amy C., 13.22

Fawcett, Kathryn, 35[14:45]

Feeney, Robin N.M., 3[9:00]

Feldman, Marcus W., 29[8:00]

Fialova, Lucie , 13.12

Fields, William , 8.58

Fink, Bernhard, 25[14:30]

Fischbacher, Colin, 32.14

Fish, Krista D., 28[11:15]

FitzGerald, Charles M., 9[16:00], 26.13

Fleagle, John G., 1.21

Ford, Susan M., 19C, 19.35

Ford-Hutchinson, Alice, 31[8:00]

Formicola, Vincenzo, 6[11:15]

Forster, Peter, 34[15:30]

Fourrier, Marc S., 8.45

Franciscus, Robert G., 1.40, 1.50, 6[9:15]

Franz, Theresa M., 23[17:45], 36[13:45]

Frayer, David W., 10[15:30], 15[11:30]

Frazier, Brenda, 27.43

Freid, Donna, 13.37

French, Alison M., 7.10, 34[14:00]

Freudenthaler, Josef W., 3[8:15]

Friedlaender, Jonathan S., 7.14

Fritz, Jo, 8.62, 35[13:45], 35[14:15]

Froehle, Andrew W., 32.17

Frost, Steve R., 30[11:45]

Fruth, Barbara, 8.61

Fuentes, Agustin, 28C, 28D, 28[8:30]

Fukai, Naomi, 31[11:30]




Gage, Timothy B., 17C, 17[8:45]

Gagnon, Celeste M., 12[16:00]

Galik, Karol, 1.8

Gallardo, Alfonso, 18.56

Gallo, Mia V., 25[15:30]

Gannon, Patrick J., 6[9:30]

Garber, Paul A., 8.61, 19.25, 19.27

Garcia, Rebeca, 6[8:00], 6[8:15]

Garner, Brooke A., 19.31, 27.31

Garrigan, Daniel, 29[10:00]

Gee, James C., 4[10:45]

Gerald, Melissa S., 8.55

Ghoshroy, Soumitra, 1.15

Gibson, Mhairi A., 32.6

Gilbert, Christopher C., 27.34

Giles, Eugene, 14D, 14[9:15]

Gill, George W., 1.38

Godde, Kanya, 13.18, 13.61

Godfrey, Laurie R., 1.13, 1.14, 24[14:00], 30[8:30]

Goff, Alaina K., 13.1

Goldberg, Paul, 1.47

Goldstein, Melvyn C., 17[8:00]

Gomez, Asier, 6[8:00], 6[8:15]

Gomez-Casado, Eduardo, 7.19

Gommery, Dominique, 15[8:00]

Gonder, Mary K., 29[9:00]

Gonzalez, Mario Carlos, 25[15:00]

Gonzalez, Richard A., 13.41

Goodwine, Nicole M., 32.28

Gordon, Adam D., 36[15:15]

Gordon, Wendy, 11[14:45]

Gould, Lisa, 8.50, 8.51

Gracia, Ana, 6[8:30], 6[8:45], 15[11:15]

Grammer, Karl, 25[14:30]

Graver, Sally M., 26.14

Gray Jones, Amy, 12[15:15]

Gray, Peter, 32.10

Gray, Rebecca R., 7.16

Green, David, 10[15:00]

Gregoricka, Lesley A., 32.32

Griffin, Nicole L., 36[16:45]

Grine, Frederick E., 1.7, 1.40

Grobler, Paul J., 28[9:00]

Grosskopf, Birgit, 13.58

Grossman, Ari, 1.16, 1.21

Gruss, Laura T., 1.34, 15[9:15]

Guatelli-Steinberg, Debbie, 9[13:45]

Guibert, Pierre, 1.47

Gunz, Philipp, 1.6, 4[11:30], 6[10:15], 25[14:30], 30[11:15]

Gurri, Francisco D., 18C, 18D, 18.57




Hack, Gary D., 13.56

Hagen, Edward H., 23[17:30]

Hager, Lori D., 32.9

Hallgrímsson, Benedikt, 5[10:15], 5[10:45], 31C, 31[8:00], 31[8:15], 36[13:15]

Halloran, Andrew R., 27.27

Hamada, Yuzuru, 24[14:15], 24[16:45]

Hammer, Michael F., 16[8:00], 16[10:15], 29[10:00], 34[13:30]

Hanna, Jandy B., 27.49, 36[15:00]

Hannibal, Darcy L., 24[15:45]

Hanson, Timothy E., 1.52

Harcourt-Smith, William E.H., 1.29

Harpending, Henry C., 16[9:30]

Harris, Edward F., 9D, 26C, 26.1

Harris, Tara R., 11[16:15]

Hartman, Gideon, 13.53

Harvati, Katerina, 1.41, 27.33

Hashimoto, Hiroko, 26.11

Havill, Lorena M., 13.52

Hawks, John, 1.48, 4C, 4[10:30]

Hayes, Robert G., 20.3

Heesy, Christopher P., 30[8:00]

Hemphill, Brian E., 9[15:15]

Henderson, Charlotte Y., 13.60

Henneberg, Maciej, 10[13:00], 12[15:45]

Henneberg, Renata J., 12[15:45]

Hens, Samantha M., 13C, 13.61

Hernandez, L. Patricia, 1.2

Hernández, Patricia O., 18.58

Herrmann, Nicholas P., 13.20, 13.21, 20.10, 34[13:15]

Herrold IV, Russell P., 25[17:30]

Hess, Nicole H., 23[17:30]

Hey, Jody, 29[10:15], 29[10:30]

Higley, James D., 8.56, 27.55

Hill, Andrew, 30[9:00]

Hill, Cheryl A., 13.42

Hill, Kim R., 25[14:45]

Hill, Molly K., 20.6

Hillson, Simon W., 9[15:00], 9[16:00]

Hilton, Charles E., 1.29

Hinde, Katherine, 27.53

Hirasaki, Eishi, 27.49

Hirbo, Jibril , 29[9:00]

Hlusko, Leslea J., 7.5, 9[13:00], 26.2

Hodges, Denise C., 13.14

Hodges, J. Keith, 19.24

Hoffman, Christy L., 8.55

Hogg, Russell T., 36[14:30]

Hojo, Teruyuki, 26.10

Holden, Anne D., 34[15:30]

Holloway, Ralph L., 4[10:45], 4[11:00], 4[11:15]

Holmes, Christopher M., 11[14:45]

Holt, Brigitte M., 1.54, 6[11:30]

Holton, Nathan E., 1.50

Hoover, Kara C., 26.11

Hores, Rose, 27.27

Horsburgh, K. Ann, 16[11:00]

Horton, Jr., Walter E., 31[9:15]

Hotzman, Jennifer L., 31[10:15], 33[14:00]

Howell, Leonard, 4[9:45]

Howell, Sue, 8.56

Howells, Michaela E., 8.37

Huicochea, Laura, 18.61

Humphrey, Louise T., 9[14:00]

Hunley, Keith L., 29[11:15], 29[11:30]

Hunter, Christine M., 23[15:00]

Hurtado, Ana Magdalena, 25[15:00]

Hutchison, Scarlett H., 22[16:15]

Hylander, William L., 13.57, 19.31, 33[13:30], 33[15:15], 33[16:00], 33[16:30]




Iannacone, Gian Carlo, 29[10:45]

Irish, Joel D., 9C

Irwin, Mitchell T., 23[16:00]

Ishida, Hidemi, 1.19

Iskandar, Entang, 8.43

Ivany, Julianne, 32.26

Ives, Rachel A., 12[14:00]




Jabbour, Rebecca S., 1.5

Jacquier, Magali, 28[9:00]

James, Danielle N., 7.14

James, Gary D., 32.13, 32.23

Jamison, Paul L., 32.15

Janicijevic, Branka , 22[16:45]

Jankovic, Ivor , 1.44

Jantz, Richard L., 7.3, 13.37

Jarabo, Pilar, 6[8:30]

Jeffries, Teresa E., 9[14:00]

Jenkinson, Chris, 7.13

Jin, Li, 22[16:45]

Jirik, Frank, 31[8:00]

Johanson, Donald Carl, 30[10:30]

Johnson, Kirk R., 19.31, 33[15:15], 33[16:00], 33[16:30]

Johnson, Sara E., 23[14:45]

Johnson, Steig E., 11[14:45]

Johnston, Cheryl A., 20.7

Jolly, Clifford J., 36C, 36[16:30]

Jones, Erica B., 13.2, 13.9

Jones, James H., 17[9:00]

Jones-Engel, Lisa E., 8.43, 28[9:30]

Jonke, Erwin, 3[8:15]

Jorde, Lynn B., 16[9:30], 29[8:45]

Josselyn, Corey J., 26.16

Juarez, Chelsey, 13.35

Jungers, William L., 1.14, 10[14:30], 30C, 30[8:45]

Jurmain, Robert, 31[11:15]

Justus, Hedy M., 32.24





Kaestle, Frederika A., 7.10, 34[13:45], 34[14:00]

Kahane, Joel C., 2[8:00]

Kahlenberg, Sonya M., 35[15:30]

Kakaliouras, Ann M., 31[11:45]

Kamilar, Jason M., 8.52, 27.59

Kane, Alex A., 17[11:30]

Kapadia, Rasesh, 26.4

Kaplan, Bernice A., 14D, 14[9:30]

Kaplan, Jay R., 25[15:15]

Kappeler, Peter M., 10[13:30]

Kar Gupta, Kaberi, 2[9:15]

Karafet, Tatiana, 16[8:00]

Karnick, Pushpak, 30[10:30]

Katina, Stanislav, 1.46, 1.53

Kauffman, Laurie M., 8.35

Kay, Richard F., 30[8:15], 33D

Keitt, Timothy H., 11[14:45]

Kelley, Elizabeth A., 8.23

Kelley, Jay, 27.39

Kellner, Corina M., 13.40

Kemp, Brian M., 16[10:45]

Kennedy, Kenneth A.R., 14C, 14D, 14[8:30]

Kent, Jr., Jack W., 26.2

Kersey, Scott, 1.15

Kesterke, Matt, 1.48

Ketcham, Richard A., 24[14:30], 36[16:45]

Khwaileh, Ali M., 32.25

Kilberger, Matthew, 1.50

Kimbel, William H., 30[10:30]

King, Stephen J., 24[14:00]

Kingan, Sarah, 29[10:00]

Kirk, Edward Christopher, 27.58

Kissebah, Ahmed H., 22D, 22[14:00], 22[15:15]

Kitchen, Andrew A., 7.12

Kittles, Rick, 16[9:45]

Kivell, Tracy L., 27.48

Klaus, Haagen D., 32.31

Klingaman, Kristin P., 32.1, 32.2

Klingenberg, Christian P., 36[13:15]

Koenig, Andreas, 11[14:00], 11[15:15], 11[15:30]

Koertvelyessy, Tibor, 7.13

Kohara, Yukinari, 1.58

Koki, George, 7.14

Komar, Debra, 13.1

Konigsberg, Lyle W., 7.3, 17[11:00]

Koppe, Thomas, 27.28, 27.30

Koritzer, Richard T., 13.56

Kovacik, Mary Elizabeth, 13.44

Kowalewski, Martin M., 8.32

Kraan, Claudia, 26.15

Krakauer, Elissa B., 23[16:30]

Kramer, Karen L., 11[14:45]

Kramer, Patricia A., 13.47, 15[9:00]

Krigbaum, John S., 20.4

Krivoshapkin, Vadim G., 22[16:30], 32.16

Kroman, Anne M., 20.1

Krovitz, Gail E., 5[11:15], 6[9:00]

Kullmer, Ottmar, 15[11:45]

Kumakura, Hiroo, 27.49

Kunai, Takeo, 13.59

Kunapareddy, Girish, 23[16:45]

Kunimatsu, Yutaka, 1.19

Kunwar, Ravi, 33[15:00]

Kuperavage, Adam J., 1.8, 1.45

Kurki, Helen K., 17[10:30]

Kuzawa, Christopher W., 22[17:30]

Kyes, Randall C., 8.43

Kyeva, Musa , 1.16





Lacher, Jr., Thomas E., 19.33

Laitman, Jeffrey T., 6[9:30]

Lambert, Joanna E., 8C, 8.46

Lamm, Kristin S., 30[8:45]

Lampl, Michelle L., 25C, 25[16:45], 32.4, 32.5

Landis, Emily K., 13.54

Lansing, J. Stephen, 16[8:00]

Larick, R., 1.40

Larsen, Clark Spencer, 14D, 14[11:30], 17[10:45]

Latham, Krista E., 34[14:15]

Latimer, Bruce, 15[8:15]

Lautenschlager, Eugene P., 33[15:00]

Lawler, Richard R., 23[15:00]

Lawson, William, 6[9:30]

Layne, Donna G., 27.56

Le Khac Quyet, 8.40

Leakey, Louise N., 15[11:00]

Leakey, Meave G., 15[11:00]

Lease, Loren R., 7.5, 26.2, 26.3

Lee, Hee S, 16[11:45]

Lee, Miryoung, 32.11

Lee, Sang-Hee, 1.48, 6[10:00], 10C, 10[15:30]

Legge, Scott S., 31[11:00]

Lehman, Shawn M., 23[14:00], 23[16:15]

Leigh, Steven R., 1.36, 24[17:45], 30[9:15]

Lemelin, Pierre, 1.14, 1.34, 24[15:15]

Leonard, William R., 22[16:30], 32.16

Lepre, Christopher J., 15[10:45]

LeRoy-Toren, Sara H., 21.49

Lev-Tov Chattah, Netta, 26.6

Lewis, Cecil M., 29[10:45], 29[11:00], 34[16:45]

Lewis, Jason E., 4[10:45]

Lewis, Rebecca J., 23[17:00]

Lewton, Kristi L., 13.55

Libsekal, Yosief, 15[11:30]

Lieberman, Daniel E., 1.33, 5[10:45], 15C, 15[10:00], 31[8:00], 31[11:30], 33[13:15]

Likovsky, Jakub, 13.12

Lindell, Stephen G., 27.55

Lindenfors, Patrik, 10[13:30]

Lindsay, Baglini, 32.7

Lindtvedt, Kristen A., 8.58

Little, Michael A., 14C, 14D, 14[9:30]

Liversidge, Helen M., 9[13:30]

Lizarraga, Beatriz, 29[10:45]

Lockwood, Charles A., 10[15:15], 10[15:45]

Lodwick, Jessica, 35[15:15]

London, Marilyn R., 13.16

Long, Jeffrey C., 29[11:15], 29[11:30]

Longstaffe, Fred J., 12[13:15]

Lopez, Paul W., 29[10:45]

Lorenz, Joseph, 7.14

Lorenzo, Carlos, 6[8:30], 6[8:45], 15[11:15]

Loudon, James E., 8.44, 28[11:15]

Lovejoy, C. Owen, 1.1, 10[14:45], 27.47, 31[9:15]

Lozanoff, Scott, 27.30

Lubke, Gitta H., 13.47

Lucas, Peter W., 9[15:30]

Lukacs, John, 9D

Luke, Amy, 22[17:15]

Luna, Carlos, 30[8:15]

Lynch, Elizabeth, 1.15




Ma, Xiangyang, 4[9:45]

Macchiarelli, Roberto, 1.37, 9[16:15], 15[11:30], 24[17:15], 26.13

Mace, Ruth, 25[16:00], 32.6

Machanda, Zarin, 15[10:30]

MacLatchy, Laura, 31[9:00]

Madden, Gwyn D., 13.36

Madelaine, Stephane, 1.55

Madrigal, Lorena, 32.19

Maestripieri, Dario, 11[14:15]

Mahaney, Michael C., 7C, 7.5, 9[13:00], 13.52, 26.2

Maher, M. Kathryn, 1.51

Mahli, Ripan S., 16[10:45]

Mahoney, Patrick, 1.13

Malcom, Jennifer S., 17[10:15], 17[11:15]

Malina, Robert M., 5[9:30]

Malville, Nancy J., 21.48

Mann, Arti, 13.38, 32.26

Manning, John T., 25[14:30]

Manuck, Stephen, 22[14:15]

Mao, Xinyun, 7.1

Marchal, François, 15[8:00]

Marchani, Elizabeth E., 34[15 :45]

Marchant, Linda F., 8.27, 35[16:30]

Marchi, Damiano, 6[11:15]

Marinescu, Ruxandra, 33[14:00]

Marks, Jonathan M., 14D, 14[10:30]

Márquez, Lourdes, 18.55, 18.58

Marquez, Samuel, 6[9:30]

Marroig, Gabriel, 19.34

Marsh, Jeffrey L., 17[11:30]

Martin, Lawrence B., 24[16:15], 27.38

Martin, Lisa J., 16[8:30]

Martin, Robert D., 19.24, 36[15:45]

Martinez, Ignacio, 6[8:30], 6[8:45], 15[11:15]

Martinez-Laso, Jorge, 7.19

Martiniaková, Monika, 7.20, 13.58

Masters, Judith C., 2[11:15]

Matisoo-Smith, Elizabeth, 16[11:00]

Maureille, Bruno, 1.47

Mazurier, Arnaud, 24[17:15]

McBride, David G., 13.28

McBurney, Denise L., 31[9:15]

McCaffery, Jeanne M., 22[14:15]

McCarthy, Donna M., 13.21, 13.39

McCarthy, Robert, 15[10:30]

McCollum, Melanie A., 27.47

McCormick, Lara E., 13.30

McCrossin, Monte L., 1.17

McDonough, John, 16[10:45]

McFarlin, Shannon C., 13.50

McGarvey, Stephen T., 22[17:00]

McGraw, William S., 11C, 11[13:00]

McGrew, William C., 1.22, 8.26, 8.27, 35C, 35[16:00], 35[16:30], 35[16:45]

McIntyre, Matthew H., 25[14:15]

McKenna, James J., 25[17:15], 25[17:45], 32.1, 32.2, 32.3

McKillop, Heather I., 13.13

McKinney, Tracie N., 8.34

McNulty, Kieran P., 30[11:45]

McPherron, Shannon P., 1.47

Meadows Jantz, Lee, 13.11, 13.20, 13.21

Megyesi, Mary S., 5[8:00]

Meindl, Richard S., 10[14:45]

Meldrum, D. Jeffrey, 1.30

Melendez-Obando, Mauricio, 32.19

Melnick, Don J., 7.8, 34[16:15], 34[16:30]

Melton, Phillip E., 7.18

Melvin, Kristin L., 7.11

Mendes, Sergio L., 28[10:30]

Mendoza, Víctor M., 18.62

Merceron, Gildas, 1.55

Meredith, Stephanie L., 35[14:15]

Merrett, Deborah C., 5[9:45]

Merriwether, D.A., 7.14

Metni Pilkington, Maya, 34[13:30]

Meyer, Marc R., 10[13:15]

Mgone, Charles, 7.14

Michael, Amy, 1.50

Miguel, Trini, 29[9:00]

Miller, Ellen R., 1.16

Miller, Kevin P., 20.2

Millette, James B., 27.52, 32.5

Milligan, Colleen, 13.4, 32.26

Milligan, Lauren A., 27.54

Mitteroecker, Philipp, 4[11:30], 6[10:15], 25[14:30], 30[11:15]

Mobasher, Zahra, 29[10:00]

Mohatt, Gerald V., 22[16:15]

Mohlberg, Hartmut, 4[11:45]

Momin, Eric N., 5[10:45]

Monge, Janet, 4[10:45]

Monroe, Cara, 16[10:45]

Mooder, Karen P., 34[13:00]

Moore, Lorna, 7.1

Morales, Juan Carlos, 34[16:15]

Morelli, Toni Lyn, 23[14:30], 23[16:45]

Mork, Amy L., 19.31

Morrison, Edward E., 2[9:30]

Morrison, Lynn A., 32.13

Morselli, C., 13.6

Mortensen, Holly, 29[9:00]

Moru, Robert, 1.16

Moscoso, Juan, 7.19

Mosher, M.J., 17[8:30]

Mountain, Joanna, 16[9:00], 29C, 29D

Mowbray, Ken, 6[9:30]

Muchlinski, Magdalena N., 24[17:00]

Mueller, Ralph, 24[14:30]

Muldoon, Matt, 22[14:15]

Mulhern, Dawn M., 13.2, 13.9

Müller, Alexandra E., 27.29

Muller, Martin, 35[13:15]

Mulligan, Connie J., 7.2, 7.12, 7.16, 29C, 29D

Multon, Franck, 15[8:00]

Murphy, Eryn H., 13.29

Murphy, James, 8.62, 35[13:45]

Murphy, William A., 6[11:30]




Nachman, Michael W., 16[10:15]

Nakano, Yoshihiko, 1.19

Nakatsukasa, Masato, 1.19, 13.59, 27.45, 27.49, 36[16:45]

Nalley, Thierra K., 13.51

Napolitano, Dora, 32.22

Nargolwalla, Mariam C., 1.20

Nash, Leanne T., 2C, 2[8:30]

Nava, Alessia, 26.13

Nawrocki, Stephen P., 13.27, 20.5, 20.6, 34[14:15]

Neave, Nick, 25[14:30]

Nekaris, K.A.I., 2[8:45]

Nelson, A. Russell, 12[16:30]

Nelson, Andrew J., 12[13:15]

Nelson, Greg C., 9C

Nemoz, Christian, 24[17:15]

Neubauer, Simon, 1.6, 30[11:15]

Nevell, Lisa D., 1.2

Newman, Deborah E., 13.52

Newman, John D., 2[8:00]

Newman, Timothy K., 8.56, 16[8:15], 34[16:00]

Newnam, Jessica A., 5[8:45]

Nguyen Hai Ha, 8.41

Nguyen Manh Ha, 8.38

Niaura, Raymond, 22[14:15]

Nicholson, Elisabeth K., 1.41

Nicolaisen, Nicola M., 32.13

Nicolas, Guillaume, 15[8:00]

Nisbett, Richard A., 13.43

Nishimura, Takeshi, 31[8:45]

Niu, Wen -, 16[11:45]

Nkurunungi, J. Bosco, 8.63

Norris, Rachel M., 10[13:00]

North, Kari E., 16[8:30]

Norton, Heather L., 16[9:45]

Nowak, Matthew G., 27.46

Nunez de la Mora, Alejandra, 32.22




O'Brien, Tyler G., 31[9:45]

Oerke, Ann-Kathrin, 19.24

Ogihara, Naomichi, 13.59, 27.45, 27.49, 36[16:45]

Ohtani, Eri, 1.58

Olejniczak, Anthony J., 24[16:15], 27.38, 36[14:15]

Olivier, Michael, 22[15:15]

Olmsted, Matthew J., 13.57

Olsen, Bjorn R., 31[11:30]

O'Malley, Robert C., 8.26

Omelka, Radoslav, 7.20, 13.58

O'Neil, Ross, 6[11:00]

Organ, Jason M., 13.43

Orkin, Joseph D., 8.25

O'Rourke, Dennis H., 34[15:45]

Orr, Caley M., 1.35

Ortner, Donald J., 13.9, 14D, 14[8:45]

Osipova, Ludmila P., 7.15

Ossi, Kerry M., 8.52

Ousley, Steve D., 13.15, 13.16, 13.37

Overdorff, Deborah, 23[14:30]

Oxnard, Charles E., 24[16:30]




Paciulli, Lisa M., 11[13:15]

Paine, R.R., 12[13:45],13.6

Palkovich, Ann M., 21.43

Panchal, Jayesh, 17[11:30]

Pandit, Sagar, 23[17:15]

Paphia, S.S., 7.18

Parr, Lisa A., 4[10:00]

Passey, Benjamin H., 3[8:30]

Patel, Biren A., 30[10:15]

Pearce, Karen L., 32.21

Pearson, Osbjorn M., 1.52, 5[9:30]

Peburn, Tara A., 1.12

Peck, Joshua J., 13.48

Peker, Silvana M., 8.32

Peña, Florencia, 18.59

Peña, María Eugenia, 18.58

Penney, Adrienne E., 13.13

Perez, Ventura R., 30[8:30]

Perkin, Andrew W., 2[10:45]

Perry, George H., 16[11:30]

Perry, Jonathan M.G., 27.37

Pham Nhat, 8.41

Phan Duy Thuc, 8.42

Phillips, Sara S., 12[14:45]

Phillips-Conroy, Jane E., 36[16:30]

Picascia, Rosanna, 1.10

Pilbrow, Varsha C., 30[9:30]

Pimienta, Martha, 18.56

Piper, Andrea L., 20.1

Plaetke, Rosemarie, 22[16:15]

Plavcan, J. Michael, 10[15:15], 10[15:45]

Pochron, Sharon T., 23[14:30], 23[16:45]

Polacek, Lumir, 13.12

Polanski, J., 1.40

Polet, Gert, 8.42

Polk, John D., 1.33, 5[10:45]

Pollack, David, 20.10

Pollard, Tessa M., 32.14

Pontzer, Herman, 5[10:45], 15[10:00]

Porter, Leila M., 19C, 19.25

Pozzi, Luca, 2[11:15]

Prasad, B.V.R., 29[8:45]

Prayer, Daniela, 4[11:30]

Preuss, Todd M., 4[9:45], 4[10:00]

Prindeville, Tim, 13.4

Prossinger, Hermann, 3[8:15], 24C, 24[14:15], 24[16:45]

Pruetz, Jill D., 8.37, 35[16:15], 35[16:45]

Pusey, Anne E., 35[13:15]

Puyravaud, Jean-Philippe, 11[14:45]




Quam, Rolf, 6[8:30], 6[8:45]

Quillen, Ellen E., 7.13

Quinn, Elizabeth A., 32.4

Quinn, Rhonda L., 15[10:45]





Raaum, Ryan L., 16[8:45]

Rabb, Jacqueline E., 3[8:30]

Rae, Todd C., 27.28, 27.30

Raff, Jennifer A., 34[13:45], 34[14:00]

Raghanti, Mary Ann, 27.24

Ragir, Sonia, 8.58, 8.59

Raguet-Schofield, Melissa L., 8.29

Raichlen, David, 15[10:00], 24[14:45]

Rainwater, Christopher W., 20.1

Rajaonson, Andry, 23[14:00]

Rak, Yoel, 24[15:30], 33[14:15]

Rakita, Gordon F.M., 21.54

Rakotonirina, Georges, 23[16:45]

Rakotosoa, Remi, 23[16:45]

Ramachandran, Sohini, 29[8:00], 29[8:15]

Ramakrishnan, Uma , 16[9:00]

Ramsay, Heather L., 5[11:00]

Rapoff, Andrew J., 33[14:00]

Ratelolahy, Félix J., 11[14:45], 23[14:30]

Ratsimbazafy, Raymond, 23[14:30], 23[16:45]

Ravalision, , 11[14:45]

Ravenscroft, Julia, 25[15:30]

Ravosa, Matthew J., 2[10:00], 33C, 33[15:00]

Raxter, Michelle H., 13.33, 13.34

Redfern, Rebecca C., 12[15:15], 12[16:15]

Reed, Floyd A., 29[9:00], 29[9:15]

Reeves, Roger H., 13.42

Reeves, Ryan R., 26.15

Regan, Marcia H., 13.5

Regan, Melissa K., 32.32

Rego, Pericles S., 19.23

Rehg, Jennifer A., 19.26

Reichard, Ulrich H., 11[16:45]

Reicheis, Wolfgang, 6[11:30]

Reid, Donald J., 27.38

Reinhard, Karl J., 13.23, 21.49, 21.50

Reinhardt, Gregory A., 20.6

Relethford, John H., 7.3, 14D, 14[10:45]

Reno, Philip L., 10[14:45], 27.47, 31[9:15]

Resendez, Andres, 16[10:45]

Reza, Angela, 32.13

Rhett, Gillian, 16[10:45]

Rice, Dan, 8.58

Richard, Alison F., 23[15:00]

Richards, Gary D., 1.5

Richmond, Brian G., 13.53, 31[8:30], 36[16:45]

Richtsmeier, Joan T., 13.42, 17[11:30], 27.43

Riley, Erin P., 11[13:45]

Rilling, James K., 4[9:45], 4[10:00]

Ritke, Mary K., 34[14:15]

Rizal, Y., 1.40

Roberts, Charlotte A., 13.60

Robinson, Chris, 1.39, 27.33

Roche, Alex F., 16[11:15]

Rodrigues, Teresa, 21.46

Rodriguez, Laura, 6[8:00], 6[8:15]

Rogers, Alan R., 16C, 16[9:30], 34[15:45]

Rogers, Jeff, 7.5, 13.52, 36[13:30]

Rook, Lorenzo, 15[11:30]

Rosa, Manuel, 6[8:30]

Rosenbaum, Stacy, 35[14:45]

Rosenberg, Noah A., 29[8:00]

Rosenberger, Alfred R., 36[14:30]

Rosenman, Burt A., 1.1

Ross, Ann H., 13.24

Ross, Callum F., 30[8:00], 31[8:30], 33[15:30], 33[16:15], 36[15:30]

Ross, Katie E., 11[15:45]

Rossie, James B., 30[9:00]

Rothschild, Bruce M., 5[11:30]

Rowlands, John P., 32.3

Royer, Danielle F., 27.44

Rudan, Igor, 22[16:45]

Ruff, Christopher B., 1.54, 6[11:30], 13.33, 13.34, 13.43

Ruhli, Frank, 5[11:30]

Russak, Samantha M., 1.22

Rutherford, Julienne N., 27.56

Ryan, Timothy M., 5[11:15]

Rylands, Anthony, 19D




Sáenz Faulhaber, María Elena, 18.60

Saj, Tania L., 28[11:00]

Sallenave, Ana, 19.27

Saltzman, Wendy, 19.29

Sampaio, Iracilda, 19.23

Sánchez, Martha A., 18.62

Sandgathe, Dennis, 1.47

Santovito, Alfredo, 2[11:15]

Sarringhaus, Lauren A., 11[15:15]

Satkoski, Jessica A., 34[16:30]

Sauer, Norm, 5[8:00]

Saunders, Shelley, 26.13

Sauther, Michelle L., 8.44, 8.50, 23[15:15], 28[11:15], 36[16:00]

Schaefer, Adam M., 8.49

Schaefer, Katrin, 3[8:15], 25[14:30]

Schaefer, Melissa S., 2[8:30]

Schell, Lawrence M., 25[15:30]

Scherer, Andrew K., 12[16:45]

Schiwall, Olivia S., 27.30

Schmidt, Christopher W., 20C, 20D, 20.6

Schmidt-Schultz, Tyede H., 21.51

Schmitt, Daniel, 1.34, 19.31, 24[15:15]

Schneider, E.E., 13.6

Schneider, Horacio, 19.23

Schoeller, Dale A., 32.16

Schoenemann, P. Thomas, 4[10:45]

Schoeninger, Margaret J., 13.40, 32.17

Schultz, John J., 20.4

Schultz, Michael, 21.51

Schumacher Stankey, Joann, 35[13:15]

Schurr, Mark, 20.3, 32.31

Schurr, Theodore G., 7.15, 34[13:00]

Schutkowski, Holger, 13C, 13.26, 5[8:15]

Schutt, Adelina, 8.34

Schwandt, Melanie L., 27.55

Schwarcz, Henry P., 12[13:00]

Schwartz, Gary T., 1.13, 1.14, 9[13:15], 27.39

Schwartz, Jeffrey H., 2[11:30]

Schwartz, Michele R., 1.32

Scirbona, Jessica, 23[16:45]

Sciulli, Paul W., 13.19, 20.7

Scott, Jeremiah E., 1.35

Scott, Robert S., 3[8:45]

Sear, Rebecca, 25[16:00]

Sefcakova, Alena, 1.46, 1.53

Seguchi, Noriko, 12[16:30]

Seidler, Horst, 4[11:30], 6[10:15], 6[11:30], 15[11:45], 25[14:30]

Seiffert, Erik R., 2[10:30]

Selby, Michael S., 27.47

Semendeferi, Katerina, 27.25

Sensen, Christoph W., 5[10:15]

Sensor, Kellen P., 31[9:45]

Serdoz, Daniele, 1.3

Serrano Sánchez, Carlos, 18.60

Serrano-Vela, Juan I., 7.19

Severson, Tesa, 29[10:00]

Shaffer, Christopher A., 8.53

Shah, N.J., 4[11:45]

Shahnoor, Nazima, 36[15:30]

Shannon, Courtney, 27.55

Shapiro, Liza J., 1.14, 2[9:00]

Shea, Brian. T., 4[10:15]

Shen, Biing, 22[14:15]

Sheng, Xiaohua -, 16[11:45]

Sheridan, Susan G., 13.44, 32.31

Sherrow, Hogan M., 35[14:00]

Sherwood, Chet, 27.24

Sherwood, Richard J., 27.40, 36[16:15]

Shigehara, Nobuo, 31[8:45]

Shimada, Makoto K., 29[10:15]

Shimizu, Daisuke, 1.19

Shipman, Pat, 6[9:00]

Shirahase, Ayumi, 1.59

Shook, Beth A.S., 7.17

Shriver, Mark D., 7.1, 16[9:45]

Sicotte, Pascale, 28[11:00]

Siervogel, Roger M., 16[11:15], 22[14:45], 22[15:00], 32.11

Sievert, Lynnette Leidy, 25[15:00]

Siles, Nancy, 7.19

Simon, Sara K., 12[16:00]

Singleton, Michelle, 27C, 27.32

Sithaldeen, Riashna, 16[8:15], 34[16:00]

Skinner, Matthew M., 26.4

Sladek, Vladimir, 1.54, 6[11:30]

Slater, Kerry, 28[8:45]

Slice, Dennis E., 5C, 5[8:30]

Smith, David G., 16[10:45]

Smith, Fred H., 1.44

Smith, Heather F., 1.7

Smith, Kathleen K., 33[13:00]

Smith, Patricia, 26.6

Smith, Shelley L., 32.8

Smith, Tanya M., 27.38

Smith, Timothy D., 2[8:15], 2[9:30]

Smolej Narancic, Nina, 22[16:30]

Snodgrass, James J., 22[16:30], 32.16

Snowdon, Charles, 8.33

Soika, Jennifer, 32.7

Solano, Martin C., 13.23

Soligo, Christophe, 27.29, 36[15:45]

Song, Kijoung, 17[8:00]

Sorensen, Mark V., 22[16:30]

Soria,  R., 25[16:30]

Sousa Ramsier, Marissa A., 24[17:30]

Sparacello, Vitale, 6[11:15]

Sparks, Corey S., 32.28

Spencer, Mark A., 31[8:30], 33[15:30]

Spencer-Smith, Jesse, 1.36

Sperling, Susan, 14D, 14[10:30]

Spielvogel, Hilde, 25[16:15], 25[16:30]

Spiro III, Avron, 22[14:15]

Spoor, Fred, 15[11:00]

Spradley, M. Kate, 13.11, 13.20, 13.21, 13.37

Sprague, David S., 28[10:45]

St Clair, Elizabeth M., 27.41

Stack, Sharon, 33[15:00]

Stadlmayr, Andrea, 6[10:15]

Standen, Susan, 1.5

Stanford, Craig B., 8.63

Starbuck, John M., 5[9:15]

Steiper, Michael E., 34[15:15]

Steklis, H. Dieter, 35[14:45]

Stephan, Carl N., 10[13:00]

Sterner, Kirstin N., 16[8:45]

Steudel-Numbers, Karen L., 1.31, 15[8:45]

Stevens, Nancy J., 2[8:45]

Stevenson, Daniel, 32.2

Stini, William A., 14D, 14[10:15]

Stinson, Sara, 32.18

Stitzel, Joel, 5[8:30]

Stloukal, Milan , 13.12

Stock, Stuart, 33[15:00]

Stodder, Ann L.W., 21C, 21.52

Stoinski, Tara S., 35[14:45]

Stojanowski, Christopher M., 5[10:30]

Stone, Anne C., 16[11:30], 17[8:30], 29[10:45], 29[11:00], 34[16:45]

Stone, Pamela K., 13.10

Stout, Sam D., 5[11:00], 13.48

Stover, Daryn A., 16[10:15]

Strait, David S., 30[11:45], 31[8:30]

Strand Vidarsdottir, Una, 6C, 6[11:45]

Stranska, Petra, 13.12

Strassmann, Beverly I., 25[17:30]

Streeter, Margaret, 13.51

Strier, Karen B., 8.33, 28[10:30]

Stringer, Chris B., 1.56, 6[11:45]

Stroik, Laura K., 27.42

Stuart, L. Jaimeson, 17[11:00]

Stubblefield, Phoebe R., 5[11:45]

Stumpf, Rebecca M., 35[13:30]

Suarez, Scott A., 11[15:15], 11[15:30]

Sukarna, Tika, 34[15:15]

Sullivan, Norman C., 13.4, 13.38, 32.26

Sumantor, Agus S., 8.43

Suomi, Stephen J., 27.55

Sussman, Robert W., 8.23, 8.45, 8.53

Swedell, Larissa, 8.54

Swedlund, Alan, 21D

Sylvester, Adam D., 1.27, 13.47

Symes, Steven A, 20C, 20D, 20.1

Szathmáry, Emöke J.E., 14D, 14[9:00]

Szirovicza, Lajos, 22[16:45]





Tagliaro, Claudia, 19.23

Tague, Robert G., 10[13:45]

Takach, Steve , 8.58

Takai, Masanaru, 31[8:45]

Talebi, Mauricio, 4[9:30]

Tallman, Melissa C., 13.46

Tardif, Suzette D., 27.56

Tarskaia, Larissa A., 7.16, 22[16:30], 32.16

Task Force on the Environment, Akwesasne, 25[15:30]

Tatarek, Nancy E., 17[11:45]

Tauber, Adán, 30[8:15]

Taylor, Andrea B., 19.32, 24[15:00]

Taylor, Matthew S., 13.8

Taylor, Sarah R., 9[14:30]

Teaford, Mark F., 3[8:45], 9[14:15], 13.43

Temple, Daniel H., 13.19, 26.11

Terranova, Pia, 11[15:30], 23[16:45]

Teschler-Nicola, Maria, 15[11:45]

Thomas, C. David L., 5[10:15]

Thompson, Amanda L., 32.5

Thorén, Sandra, 10[13:30]

Thornburg, Jonathan, 25[16:15]

Tilkens, Michael J., 1.31

Ting, Nelson, 7.8

Tishkoff, Sarah A., 16[9:00], 29[9:00], 29[9:15]

Tison, Anna S., 21.44

Tito, Raul Y., 29[10:45]

Tocheri, Matthew W., 1.35

Todaro, John, 22[14:15]

Torres-Rouff, Christina, 12[15:00], 26.16

Tosi, Anthony J., 16[8:45], 34[15:00]

Towne, Bradford, 16[11:15], 22[14:45], 22[15:00], 25[14:15], 32.11, 36[16:15]

Traina, Michael A., 13.10

Tran Vãn Mùi, 8.42

Treatman-Clark, Kate, 27.57

Trefny, Pavel, 26.12

Tsubamoto, Takehisa, 31[8:45]

Tsujikawa, Hiroshi, 1.19

Tückmantel, Sandra, 27.29

Tufa, Joseph, 22[17:00]

Tuladhar, Praphul, 2[9:30]

Tung, Tiffiny A., 12[14:15]

Turek, Stjepan, 22[16:45]

Turinsky, Andrei L., 5[10:15]

Turner, Bethany L., 17[10:00]

Turner, Trudy R., 28C, 28D, 28[8:45], 28[9:00]

Turq, Alain, 1.47

Tyree, Daniel J., 32.12




Ubelaker, Douglas H., 5[8:00]

Ulijaszek, Stanley J., 25[17:00]

Ullinger, Jaime M., 13.44, 32.31

Ungar, Peter S., 3[8:45], 9[14:30]

Unwin, Nigel, 32.14

Urbani, Bernardo, 8.36

Usher, Bethany M., 7.9




Vahdatinasab, Hamed, 30[10:30]

Vallinoto, Marcelo, 19.23

Van Arsdale, Adam P., 10[13:15]

Van Belle, Sarie, 8.30

Van Gerven, Dennis P., 13.44

van Schaik, Carel P., 23[16:30], 23[17:15]

Vargas, E., 25[16:30]

Vargas, Luis A., 18.62

Vargiu, R., 13.6

Vasey, Natalie, 1.14, 30[8:30]

Veleminska, Jana, 1.46, 1.53

Veleminsky, Petr, 1.46, 1.53, 13.12, 26.12

Vellone, Shannon L., 13.32

Verano, John W., 12[14:45]

Viali, Satupaitea , 22[17:00]

Videan, Elaine N., 8.62, 35[13:45]

Vigilant, Linda, 16[10:30], 35[15:00]

Villaverde, Valentin, 6[8:45]

Villegas-Palma., Ramón A., 32.19

Villena,  M., 25[16:30]

Villmoare, Brian A., 1.4

Vinson, Amanda, 16[9:15]

Vinyard, Christopher J., 2[10:15], 13.57, 19.31, 19.32, 27.31, 33C, 33[13:30], 33[15:15], 33[16:00]

Vinyard, Patricia S., 10[14:00]

Viola, Bence, 15[11:45]

Vitzthum, Virginia J., 25[16:15], 25[16:30]

Vizcaino, Sergio, 30[8:15]

Vogel, Erin R., 11[16:30]

Volpato, Virginie, 1.37

Volpe, Lane E., 25[17:15], 32.1, 32.3

Vondráková, Mária, 7.20, 13.58

Votaw, John R., 4[10:00]

Vrhovski-Hebrang, Danijela , 22[16:45]




Wagner, Janice, 25[15:15]

Wagner, John D., 25[14:45]

Walker, Alan, 2[10:30], 3[8:45]

Walker, Donald William, 12[15:15]

Walker, Phillip, 12[13:00], 20.2

Walker, Robert S., 25[14:45]

Wall, Cara M., 26.8

Wall, Christine E., 13.57, 19.31, 27.37, 33C, 33[13:30], 33[15:15], 33[16:00]

Wall, Jeffrey D., 29[9:45]

Wallauer, William, 35[13:15]

Waller, Michel T., 8.39

Wang, Qian, 31[8:30]

Ward, Andrew J., 32.29

Ward, Carol V., 10[14:30], 13.51, 15[8:15]

Ward, Kenneth D., 22[14:15]

Ward, Richard E., 5[9:15], 32.15

Warner, Faith, 32.7

Warnock, Allison E., 21.54

Warren, Michael W., 20.4

Warshaw, Johanna, 13.49

Watkins, Ronald T., 1.16

Watkins, W. Scott, 29[8:45]

Watts, David P., 35[15:45]

Waxenbaum, Erin B., 13.31

Weaver, Timothy D., 15[8:45], 15[9:30]

Weber, Daniel E., 1.36

Weber, Gerhard W., 1.6, 6[10:15], 30[11:15]

Weets, Jaimin D., 26.7

Weisensee, Katherine E., 21.47

Weiss, Elizabeth, 31[11:15]

Weiss, Kenneth M., 14D, 14[11:15]

Weitzel, Misty A., 20.11

Wenstrup, Jeffrey, 27.24

Wescott, Daniel J., 10[14:30]

Westaway, Michael C., 6[11:00]

Wester, Carlos, 32.31

Westergaard, Greg C., 8.56

Weston, Darlene A., 5[8:15], 13.26

Wetherall, Willow A., 25[17:45], 32.3

Wheeler, William F., 1.14

Whitcome, Katherine K., 15[10:15]

White, Christine D., 12[13:15]

White, Tatiana, 8.63

Whitelaw, Dana, 8.44

Whittaker, Danielle J., 7.8, 34[16:15]

Whitten, Patricia L., 27.52, 28[9:00], 32.5

Wilczak, Cynthia A., 13.9, 13.15, 13.16

Wilder, Jason, 29[10:00]

Williams, Anna T., 1.25

Williams, Blythe A., 30[8:15]

Williams, Frank L., 30[9:15]

Williams, Heather S., 21.45

Williams, Jeff T., 16[8:30]

Williams, Kimberly D., 17[10:45]

Williams, Lindsey N., 7.2

Williams, Robert C., 1.35

Williams, Susan H., 19.31, 33[13:30], 33[15:15], 33[16:00]

Willmore, Katherine E., 36[13:15]

Willson, Greg, 1.38

Willson, Gregory F., 5[9:00]

Wilson, Michael, 35[13:15]

Wilson, Rebecca J., 13.11, 13.20, 13.21

Wolf, Terry, 1.32

Wolfe, Linda D., 28[9:15]

Wolfpoff, Milford H., 10D

Wong, Sai Man, 36[14:30]

Wood, Bernard A., 1.10, 10[15:00]

Wood, Elizabeth T., 16[10:15]

Wood, James W., 32.28

Wooding, Stephen P., 16[9:30], 29[8:30], 29[8:45]

Workman, Catherine C., 8.41

Worthman, Carol M., 25[16:30]

Wrangham, Richard W., 15[10:30], 35[15:30]

Wright, Barth W., 8.40, 11[15:00]

Wright, Kristin A., 8.24

Wright, Patricia C., 8.48, 11[14:45], 23[14:30], 23[16:45], 27.57

Wrobel, Gabriel D., 26.5




Xi, Huifeng, 22[16:45]




Yang, Q., 16[8:30]

Yoder, Anne D., 2[11:00]

Yoder, Cassady J., 12[15:30]

Youlatos, Dionisios, 19.28

Young, Jesse W., 27.50

Young, Nathan M., 34[15:15]

Yuan, Michael S., 4[11:15]




Zabecki, Melissa, 32.30

Zaim, Y., 1.40

Zakrzewski, Sonia R., 13.17

Zaloudkova, Martina, 13.12

Zambetta, Karen, 8.57

Zambrano, Carlos J., 13.27

Zamora, Jorge, 7.19

Zeininger, Angel, 13.53

Zhadanov, Sergey I., 7.15

Zhivotovsky, Lev A., 29[8:00]

Zihlman, Adrienne L., 13.50, 24[17:30], 27.35, 36[13:00]

Zikan, Vit, 13.12

Zilberman, Uri, 26.6

Zilles, Karl, 4[11:45]

Zitkova, Petra, 13.12

Zotcavage, Jessica L., 13.4, 32.26

zur Nedden, Dieter, 6[11:30]



Abstracts of AAPA Poster and Podium Presentations



What it means morphologically to be a hybrid: evidence from known-pedigree baboons.


R.R. Ackermann1, J. Rogers2, J.M. Cheverud3. 1Department of Archaeology, University of Cape Town, 2Department of Genetics, Southwest Foundation for Biomedical Research, 3Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Washington University.


     Baboons have recently been resurrected as a valuable model for understanding human evolution.  They are a particularly compelling model system as they allow us to tackle important questions about how we should expect morphology to be distributed across a large geographic region.  This is especially interesting taxonomically, as their specific (versus subspecific) status has been a matter of debate, and they freely form hybrid zones where populations come into contact.  There are a number of situations in human evolution where it is uncl